Adyghe people

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Adyghe
Адыгэ
Total population
657,000 (est.)
Regions with significant populations
 Turkey 316,000[1]
 Egypt 12,000[2]
 Russia 124,835
107,048
13,834
584[3]
 Jordan 122,000
 Ukraine 600[4]
Languages
Adyghe language
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Abkhaz, Kabarday, Ubykh

Adyghe (/ˈædɨɡ/ or /ˌɑːdɨˈɡ/; Circassian language: Адыгэ Adyge) are Western Circassian (Russian: Адыгейцы Adygeytsy), peoples of the northern Caucasus, who speak the Adyghe language. In a wider sense, "Adyghe" can also refer to all of the Circassian peoples (whose native demonym is Адыгэ Adyge; Russian: Адыги Adygi).

Map of ethnolinguistic groups in the Caucasus region including Adyghes in the narrow sense of the term

Population[edit]

Within Russia, the numbers of Adyghe proper in 2010 were 124,835 including 107,048 in Adygea,[3] 13,834 in Krasnodar Krai,[3] 569 in Moscow,[5] and (in 2002) 584 in Kabardino-Balkaria.[6]

Tribes[edit]

History[edit]

Main article: Circassians: History

The political history of the Adyghe proper since the Russian Revolution is complex. On 27 July 1922, a Circassian (Adygea) Autonomous Oblast was established in the Kuban-Black Sea Oblast, which would later become Krasnodar Krai. After several name changes, the Adyghe Autonomous Oblast was established on 3 August 1928. On 5 October 1990, the Adygea ASSR was proclaimed and separated from Krasnodar Krai. On 24 March 1992, it became the Republic of Adygea. A significant population of the Adyghe community now lives in the Black Sea region of Northern Turkey where their culture is preserved in villages in the area.[7]

References[edit]