Egaleo (mountain)

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Αιγάλεω Όρος.jpg
Egaleo mountain from Salamina
Elevation 469 m (1,539 ft)
Location central Attica
Range approx. 20 km, north to south
approx. from 3 to 5 km from east to west
Coordinates 38°02′N 23°39′E / 38.033°N 23.650°E / 38.033; 23.650
Easiest route climb

Aegaleo (Greek Αιγάλεω, or Ποικίλον Όρος Aigáleo, Latin Aegaleus), also Aigaleo and Egaleo, is a mountain in Greece. It is situated west of Athens, southeast of Eleusis, east of the island of Salamis and northwest of Piraeus. Most of the mountain is rocky (limestone). It is shorter than Hymettus. Most of the forest is to its north where the monastery Daphni (Daphnion) is located. There is also a park in its northern reaches. This is a range which surrounds the tiny coast southwest of Chaidari.

With its good view of the Straits of Salamis, Mount Egaleo was the site of Xerxes' throne from which he observed the Battle of Salamis.[1]

Towns and places that surround the mountain include Perama, Piraeus, Drapetsona, Nikaia, Korydallos, the highway, and Chaidari. The Athens Metro connects the area after reducing Iera Odos (Sacred Way) into two lanes in 2002–2003.

A highway linking GR-8 and Piraeus runs through this mountain range. The refineries of Skaramangas are in the north. The new bypass on the northwestern part of the range is part of the Attiki Odos superhighway system, the Aegaleo Ring (Number 65) which was opened on January, 2004 along with the rest of the superhighway northwest of the range. The ring presently does not have full access with Athinon Avenue and GR-8 yet, but includes two interchanges.