Aeneus (of Aenus)

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In Greek mythology, Aeneus (Greek: Αἰνεύς) was the legendary founder of the ancient Thracian city of Aenus (also called Poltyobria or Poltymbria).


He was the father of Cyzicus by Aenete, daughter of Eusorus.[1][2][3] Aeneus' parentage has been given as Apollo and Stilbe, daughter of the Thessalian river-god Peneus.[citation needed] This would make Aeneas the brother of Lapithes and Centaurus, the founders of the ancient Lapith and Centaur tribes in Thessaly. However, this Aeneus may have been intended as the eponymous founder of the Aenianes, another Thessalian tribe, and may not be the same as the founder of the Thracian city of Aenus. Given that the ancient city of Cyzicus was said to be founded by Thessalians, this Thessalian Aeneus may have been intended as the father of the mythical person named Cyzicus, founder of the city of the same name.

Apollonius' Account[edit]

"And about the isthmus and the plain the Doliones had their dwelling, and over them Cyzicus son of Aeneus was king, whom Aenete the daughter of goodly Eusorus bare."

Parthenius' Account[edit]

"There are various forms of the story of Cyzicus the son of Aeneus."

Valerius' Account[edit]

"Forth from the palace goes the crew of Argo, and along with them stream out of the city all the sons of Aeneus [i.e. Cyzicus] clinging to their dear departing comrades."


  1. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica Book 1.949. Translated by Seaton, R. C. Loeb Classical Library Volume 001. London, William Heinemann Ltd, 1912.
  2. ^ Parthenius, Love Romances 28.1. Translated by Edmonds, J M and Gaselee, S. Loeb Classical Library Volume 69. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. 1916.
  3. ^ Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica Book 3.1 ff. Translated by Mozley, J H. Loeb Classical Library Volume 286. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1928.