Aergia

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Aergia
Personification of sloth, idleness, indolence and laziness
Abode Underworld (specifically in the House of Hypnos)
Parents Aether and Gaea
Roman equivalent Socordia or Ignavia

Aergia[pronunciation?] (Greek: Ἀεργία, "inactivity")[1] is a goddess in Greek mythology, a personification of sloth, idleness, indolence and laziness. She is the daughter of Aether and Gaia.[2] She is said to guard the court of Hypnos in the Underworld.[3]

Aergia is the transliteration of the Latin Socordia, or Ignavia. She was transliterated to Greek because Hyginus mentioned her based on a Greek source, and thus can be considered as both a Greek and Roman goddess. Her opposite character is Horme, a goddess of effort.[4]

Hyginus Account[edit]

Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :

"From Aether (Air) and Terra (Earth) [Gaia] [were born] : Dolor (Pain), Dolus (Guile), Ira (Rage), Luctus (Lamentation), Mendacium (Lies), Jusjurandum (Oath), Ultio (Vengeance), Intemperantia (Intemperance), Altercatio (Altercation), Oblivio (Forgetfulness), Socordia (Sloth) [i.e. Aergia], Timor (Fear), Superbia (Pride), Incestum (Incest), Pugna (Combat)."

Statius Account[edit]

Statius, Thebaid 10. 90 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :

"[In] the hollow recesses of a deep and rocky cave . . . [are] set the halls of lazy Somnus (Sleep) [Hypnos] and his untroubled dwelling. The threshold is guarded by shady Quies (Quiet) and dull Oblivio (Forgetfulness) [Lethe] and torpid Ignavia (Sloth) [Aergia] with ever drowsy countenance. Otia (Ease) and Silentia (Silence) with folded wings sit mute in the forecourt."

References[edit]

  1. ^ ἀεργία. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project.
  2. ^ PseudoHyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.)
  3. ^ Statius, Thebaid 10. 90 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.)
  4. ^ Aergia on Theoi Project: Aergia - AERGIA was the female spirit (daimon) of idleness, laziness, indolence and sloth. Her opposite number was probably Hormes (Effort). N.B. Aergia is the presumed Greek form of the Latin Socordia mentioned by Hyginus. Although his list of abstractions derives from a Greek source, the names have mostly been translated into Latin.