Aero L-60 Brigadýr

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L-60 Brigadýr
L60 Brigadyr PICT0014.JPG
L60 as air ambulance at the Polish Aviation Museum
Role Utility aircraft
Manufacturer Aero
First flight 24 December 1953
Primary user Czechoslovakian aviation
Produced 273

The Aero L-60 Brigadýr (Czech: Brigadier) was a small, high-wing propeller-driven Czechoslovakian STOL utility aircraft developed for both civil and military use. A prototype, designated XL-60, with Argus As 10C engine, first flew on December 24, 1953, but it was not successful. The plane was thoroughly redesigned and the second improved prototype, with M-208B flat-six engine, flew on June 8, 1954. The aircraft's configuration bears a strong resemblance to the Fieseler Fi 156 "Storch" licence-produced in Czechoslovakia during and after World War II (as K-65 Čáp), and which this aircraft was intended to replace. By the end of production in 1960, 273 had been built by Aero, including an improved version, the L-160 with an all-metal tail.

Aircraft retrofitted with a PZL-built Ivchenko AI-14R radial engine are known as the L-60S.

Variants[edit]

  • XL-60 : Prototype.
  • L-60 : Single-engined light utility transport, observation aircraft.
  • L-60A : 50 production aircraft for the Czech Air Force. Also known as the K-60. Armed with MG-15 7.92 mm machine gun in a rear cab. First flew on June 24, 1955.
  • L-60B : Agricultural crop spraying aircraft (300 l chemicals tank).
  • L-60D : Glider tug aircraft.
  • L-60E :Air ambulance aircraft.
  • L-60F : Glider tug aircraft.
  • L-60S : Aircraft fitted with the PZL-built 260-hp Ivchenko AI-14R radial piston engine.
  • L-60SF : Fitted with the M-462RF radial piston engine.
  • L-160 : Improved version with all-metal tail.

Operators[edit]

Civil operators[1][edit]

 Argentina
 Austria
 Bulgaria
 Cuba
 Czechoslovakia
 East Germany
 Hungary
  • MÉM Flight Service used 2 L-60 (registered: HA-BRA, HA-BRB) from 1959 for short period.[2]
 New Zealand
 People's Republic of China
 Poland
 Romania
 Soviet Union
 United Arab Emirates
 Yugoslavia

Military operators[edit]

 Czechoslovakia
 East Germany

Specifications (L-60)[edit]

Aero L-60S aerotows historical gliders

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1961–62[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 3 passengers
  • Length: 8.54 m (28 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.96 m (45 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 2.72 m (8 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 24.30 m2 (261.6 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 8.07:1
  • Airfoil: NACA 4412
  • Empty weight: 968 kg (2,134 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,460 kg (3,219 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,560 kg (3,439 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 200 L (53 US gal; 44 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Praga Doris M 208-B air-cooled flat-six engine, 140 kW (190 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Type V-411 wooden controllable pitch, 2.70 m (8 ft 10 in) diameter

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 193 km/h (120 mph; 104 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 175 km/h (109 mph; 94 kn) at sea level
  • Stall speed: 52 km/h (32 mph; 28 kn)
  • Range: 720 km (447 mi; 389 nmi) at 1,000 m (3,300 ft)
  • Service ceiling: 4,200 m (13,800 ft)
  • Time to altitude:
    • 4.3 min to 1,000 m (3,300 ft)
    • 17.5 min to 3,000 m (9,800 ft)
  • Takeoff run to 15 m (50 ft): 240 m (787 ft) (on grass)
  • Landing run from 15 m (50 ft): 195 m (640 ft)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Krzyżan, Marian, Samoloty w muzeach polskich, Warsaw: Wydawnictwa Komunikacji i Łączności, 1983, ISBN 978-83-206-0432-0
  2. ^ Moldova György: Égi szekér, Magvető Könyvkiadó, 1982, ISBN 963-271-750-3
  3. ^ Taylor 1961, p. 35.
Bibliography
  • Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1961–62. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company, 1961.

External links[edit]