From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Aero O/Y)
Jump to: navigation, search
Finnair Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 1 November 1923 (1923-11-01) (as Aero O/Y)[1]
Frequent-flyer program

Finnair Plus

  • Finnair Lounge
  • Finnair Premium Lounge
Alliance Oneworld
Fleet size 79 (incl. Nordic Regional Airlines)[2]
Destinations 132[3]
Company slogan Designed for you
Parent company Finnair Group[4]
Traded as Nasdaq HelsinkiFIA1S
Headquarters Helsinki Airport
Vantaa, Finland[5]
Key people Pekka Vauramo, President & CEO[6]
Revenue Increase EUR 2,568 million (2017)[2]
Operating income Increase EUR 170 million (2017)[2]
Net income Increase EUR 169 million (2017)[2]
Total assets Increase EUR 2,887 million (2017)[7]
Total equity Increase EUR 1,016 million (2017)[8]
Employees 5,918 (31 December 2017)[2]

Finnair (Finnish: Finnair Oyj, Swedish: Finnair Abp)[9] is the flag carrier[10] and largest airline of Finland, with its headquarters in Vantaa on the grounds of Helsinki Airport, its hub. Finnair and its subsidiaries dominate both domestic and international air travel in Finland. Its major shareholder is the government of Finland, which owns 55.8%[11] of the shares. Finnair is a member of the Oneworld airline alliance. In 2017, it transported close to 12 million passengers to over 100 European, 20 Asian and 7 North-American destinations. At the end of 2017, the airline employed 5,918 people.[2]

Finnair is the sixth oldest airline in continuous operation. With no fatal or hull-loss accidents since 1963, Finnair is consistently one of the safest airlines in the world (#3 in 2014).[12]



Finnish Airlines Douglas DC-3 from the late 1940s, restored to original livery at Oulu, (2014)
Finnair Convair 440 in 1963
Finnair McDonnell Douglas MD-87 in 1991
Finnair Airbus A300 in 1995

In 1923, consul Bruno Lucander founded Finnair as Aero O/Y (Aero Ltd). The company code, "AY", originates from this; AY stands for Aero Yhtiö ("yhtiö" means "company" in Finnish). Lucander had previously run the Finnish operations of the Estonian airline Aeronaut. In mid-1923 he concluded an agreement with Junkers Flugzeugwerke AG to provide aircraft and technical support in exchange for a 50% ownership in the new airline. The charter establishing the company was signed in Helsinki on 12 September 1923, and the company was entered into the trade register on 11 December 1923. The first flight was on 20 March 1924 from Helsinki to Tallinn, Estonia on a Junkers F.13 aircraft equipped with floats. The seaplane service ended in December 1936 following the construction of the first aerodromes in Finland.

World War II[edit]

Air raids on Helsinki and other Finnish cities made World War II a difficult period for the airline. Half the fleet was requisitioned by the Finnish Air Force and it is estimated that, during the Winter War of 1939 and 1940, half of the airline's passengers from other Finnish cities were children being evacuated to Sweden.

Immediate postwar period[edit]

The Finnish government wanted longer routes so it acquired a majority stake in the company in 1946 and re-established services to Europe in November 1947, initially using the Douglas DC-3. In 1953, the airline began branding itself as Finnair. The Convair 440 twin-engined pressurised airliner was acquired from January 1953 and these faster aircraft were operated on the company's longer routes as far as London.

Jet Age (1970s)[edit]

In 1961, Finnair joined the jet age by adding Rolls-Royce Avon-engined Caravelles to its fleet. These were later exchanged with the manufacturer for Pratt & Whitney JT8D-engined Super Caravelles. In 1962, Finnair acquired a 27% controlling interest in a private Finnish airline, Kar-Air. Finnair Oy became the company's official name on 25 June 1968. In 1969, it took possession of its first U.S. made jet, a Douglas DC-8. The first transatlantic service to New York was inaugurated on 15 May 1969.[citation needed] In the 1960s Finnair's head office was in Helsinki.[13]

Finnair received its first widebody aircraft in 1975, two DC-10-30 planes. The first of these arrived on 4 February 1975 and entered service on 14 February 1975, flying between Helsinki and New York, and later also between Helsinki and Las Palmas.

In 1979, Finnair established a subsidiary company Finnaviation for domestic operations, with a 60% stake.[14]

Expansion (1980s)[edit]

In 1981, Finnair opened routes to Seattle and Los Angeles, Finnair became the first operator to fly non-stop from Western Europe to Japan operating Helsinki-Tokyo flights with a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER in 1983. Until then, flights had to go via Moscow (Aeroflot, SAS, BA) or Anchorage (most carriers)[15] due to Soviet airspace restrictions, but Finnair circumvented these by flying directly north from Helsinki, over the North Pole and back south through the Bering Strait, avoiding the Soviet airspace.[16] However, Finnair did not have to make a roundabout because of the Soviet regulation on this route, but the Japanese authority demanded it (what JAL requested strongly).[17] The aircraft was fitted with extra fuel tanks, taking 13 hours for the trip.[18] The routes through Soviet airspace and with a stopover in Moscow also took 13 hours, but flights with a stopover at Anchorage took up to 16 hours, giving Finnair a competitive edge. In the spring of 1986, Soviet regulators finally cleared the way for Air France and Japan Airlines to fly nonstop Paris-Tokyo services over Soviet airspace, putting Finnair at a disadvantage.[19]

Finnair launched a Helsinki-Beijing route in 1988, making Finnair the first Western European carrier to fly non-stop between Europe and China.[citation needed] In 1989, Finnair became the launch customer for the McDonnell Douglas MD-11, the first of which was delivered on 7 December 1990. The first revenue service with the MD-11 took place on 20 December 1990, with OH-LGA operating a flight from Helsinki to Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

Subsidiary airlines (1990s–2000s)[edit]

In 1997, the subsidiaries Kar-Air and Finnaviation became wholly owned by Finnair and were integrated into the mainline operations. On 25 September 1997, the company's official name was changed to Finnair Oyj.

In 1999, Finnair joined the Oneworld airline alliance. In 2001, Finnair reused the name "Aero" when establishing Aero Airlines, a subsidiary airline based in Tallinn, Estonia.

In 2003, Finnair acquired ownership of the Swedish low-cost airline, FlyNordic, which operated mainly within Scandinavia. In 2007, Finnair sold all its shares in FlyNordic to Norwegian Air Shuttle. As part of the transaction, Finnair acquired 4.8% of the latter company, becoming its third largest shareholder. Finnair later sold their shares in 2013.[20]

On 8 March 2007, Finnair became the first airline to order the Airbus A350 XWB aircraft, placing an order for 11 Airbus A350 XWB (plus 8 options), with delivery to start in 2015.[21]

Labour disputes and restructuring (2006–present)[edit]

Finnair has suffered from many labour disputes in this period, resulting from cost-cutting measures prompted by competition from budget airlines.[22][23][24][25][26]

On 1 December 2011, Finnair transferred its baggage and apron services to Swissport International as per a five-year agreement signed on 7 November 2011.[27]

Corporate affairs[edit]

Ownership and structure[edit]

The Group’s parent company is Finnair Plc, which is listed on the Nasdaq Helsinki Stock Exchange and is domiciled in Helsinki at the registered address Tietotie 9, Vantaa.[28] The State of Finland is the controlling shareholder (55.8%)[11][29], with no other shareholder owning more that 5% of shares.[28]

Subsidiaries and associates[edit]

Finnair Cargo building

Finnair Cargo[edit]

Two subsidiary companies, Finnair Cargo Oy and Finnair Cargo Terminal Operations Oy, form Finnair's cargo business.[30] The offices of both companies are at Helsinki Airport.[31][32] Finnair Cargo uses currently Finnair's fleet on its cargo operations.

Finnair Cargo has three hubs:

  • Helsinki Airport: Helsinki Airport is the main hub of Finnair Cargo. There is a new freight terminal under construction at the airport, scheduled to be opened in the first half of 2017.
  • Brussels Airport: Finnair Cargo has used Brussels Airport as a secondary hub for freight operations. Now the cargo airline operates its flights from BRU in co-operation with DHL Aviation (EAT Leipzig).
  • London Heathrow Airport: Heathrow Airport is the most recent hub addition to Finnair Cargo's route network. In co-operation with IAG Cargo, Finnair operates to LHR five times a week with Airbus A350 to carry extra freight.

Nordic Regional Airlines[edit]

A Nordic Regional Airlines ATR 72-500 aircraft in the new livery

Nordic Regional Airlines (Norra) is 40% owned by Finnair. The airline uses ATR 72-500 leased from Finnair and Embraer E190 aircraft. All Embraer aircraft are painted in Finnair livery. The airline began operations on 20 October 2011 as a joint venture between Flybe and Finnair. The airline has operated under Finnair's flight code since 1 May 2015.

Business trends[edit]

The key trends for Finnair over recent years are shown below (as at year ending 31 December):

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Turnover (€ m) 1,558 1,683 1,871 1,990 2,181 2,256 1,838 2,023 2,257 2,449 2,400 2,284 2,254 2,316 2,568
Profit (EBT) (€ m) −22 31 88 −15 139 −62 −125 −33 −111.5 16.5 11.9 −36.5 23.7 55.2 170.4
Number of employees (average) 9,981 9,522 9,447 9,598 9,480 9,595 8,797 7,578 7,467 6,784 5,859 5,172 4,906 5,045 5,852
Number of passengers (m) 6.8 8.1 8.5 8.8 8.7 8.3 7.4 7.1 8.0 8.8 9.2 9.6 10.3 10.8 11.9
Passenger load factor (%) 69.6 71.2 72.6 75.2 75.5 75.2 75.9 76.5 73.3 77.6 79.5 80.2 80.4 79.8 83.3
Number of aircraft (at year end) 59 69 69 72 62 65 68 63 65 60 70 67 72 73 79
Notes/sources [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [28] [2]

Head office[edit]

Finnair head office, House of Travel and Transportation

In 2013, Finnair opened its new head office, known as House of Travel and Transportation (or "HOTT"), on what used to be a car park right next to its previous head office located in Tietotie 11, on the grounds of Helsinki Airport. The construction of HOTT began in July 2011 and finished on time in June 2013. The previous head office had been in use since 1994, then replacing a head office located in Helsinki city centre.[46][47]

The new mixed-use head office has a total floor space of 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft) and 22,400 square metres (241,000 sq ft) of office space.[48]

Corporate design[edit]

Finnair Airbus A321 in new livery
Finnair A319 in retro livery


The company revealed a new livery in December 2010. Major changes include a restyled and larger lettering on the body, repainting of the engines in white, and a reversal of the color scheme for the tail fin favoring a white background with a blue stylized logo. The outline of the globe was also removed from the tail fin.[49]

Flight attendant uniforms[edit]

The current uniform was designed by Ritva-Liisa Pohjalainen and launched in December 2011. Finnair has codes to indicate the rank of crew members: one stripe in the sleeve for normal cabin attendant, two stripes for senior cabin crew (only for outsourced crew) acting as a purser in Hong Kong, Singapore and Spain flights, and three stripes for a purser/chief purser. Additionally, female pursers have a white vertical stripe on their dresses or blouses. Finnair requires its cabin crew to wear gloves during take-off and landing for safety reasons. Finnair's previous cabin crew uniform was named the fifth most stylish uniform by the French magazine Bon Voyage.[50]


Finnair has several partnerships with following companies and airlines including Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, British Airways, Deutsche Bahn (DB), Chinese, Japan Airlines and Marimekko.


Finnair destinations.
  Year-round flights
  Seasonal flights only

Finnair flies from its Helsinki hub to over 130 destinations in over 40 countries in Asia, Europe and North America.

Europe and domestic[edit]

Europe is Finnair's main market. Some domestic and European flights are partly carried on behalf of Finnair by Nordic Regional Airlines, using ATR and Embraer aircraft. Finnair operates flights to Europe using the Airbus A320–family. Some of Finnair's daily flights to London are operated using an Airbus A350 XWB.

During the past few years, Finnair has launched several new routes to Europe and switched some from charter to scheduled flights. In the 2016 summer season, Finnair added four new scheduled routes in Europe, while 8 charter/leisure routes were converted to scheduled service. Those routes are from Helsinki to Billund, Edinburgh, Mytilene, Preveza, Pula, Rimini, Santorini, Skiathos, Varna, Verona and Zakinthos.[51] In the summer season of 2017, Finnair began flying to several new destinations including Alicante, Corfu, Ibiza, Menorca and Reykjavík (Keflavík). In 2017, Finnair will see the fastest growth in the airline's history by adding capacity to numerous destinations in Europe as well as in Asia and Latin America. In 2018, Finnair will resume flights to Lisbon and Stuttgart. The growth will continue in winter 2018 as the airline will add up to 100 weekly flights, mostly within Europe. For example Finnair will open new service to Lyon as well as make Edinburgh and Alanya (Gazipaza) services year round.


Asia is also an important market for Finnair. It serves around 20 destinations in Asia from its hub at Helsinki Airport with over 80 weekly frequencies. Currently, most of the Asian routes are operated by Airbus A350 aircraft, but some flights with Airbus A330-300.

Finnair began service to Asia in 1976 with carrier's first non-stop route to Bangkok.[52] Seven years later, in 1983, the carrier opened its first non-stop route to Eastern Asia, to Tokyo, Japan. In 1988 the airline started service to Beijing, its first destination in China.

China has become one of the Finnair's main markets, along with Japan. Following the route to Beijing, the airline opened four more destinations in China: Shanghai in 2003, Guangzhou in 2005 (which ended in 2008 and resumed in 2016), Chongqing in 2012 and Xi'an in 2013. In addition, Finnair will open a new thrice-weekly service to Nanjing on 13 May 2018, which will be the sixth destination in mainland China. The airline also has a service to Hong Kong, which will be served with 12 weekly flights. In Japan, Finnair has four destinations, which is the highest number of the destinations in Japan among the European airlines. These are Fukuoka which commenced in 2016, Nagoya, Osaka (a new route to Osaka opened in 1995 and was the 5th intercontinental destination) and Tokyo. In summer 2018, the airline will have up to 35 weekly flights to Japan as well as to China. Seoul in South Korea is also among the growing destinations by passengers carried.

Finnair flies to several destinations in Southeastern Asia. India has been in the airline's network from 2007 when service to Delhi started. Flights to Mumbai started in 2008 but were canceled in the same year due to the global financial crisis. The airline also planned services to Bangalore and Chennai.[53] In addition, Finnair had a charter service to Goa but is now operated as a scheduled service. The route was previously operated via Dubai. In the area, Finnair has also served Colombo. Thailand is served by three Finnair services to Bangkok, Krabi and Phuket, all of which are operated with A350. In Vietnam there is a service to Ho Chi Minh City and, previously, to Hanoi. In Southeast Asia, Finnair also has a service to Singapore.

On 20 June 2017, Finnair started its first route to Central Asia: Astana. The service is operated twice a week in the summer season.

In March 2013, Finnair announced that it was considering the following 13 potential new Asian destinations: Bangalore, Busan, Changsha, Chennai, Hangzhou, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Manila, Mumbai, Sapporo, Tianjin and Ulaanbaatar.[54] Fukuoka was also included but the airline already commenced flights in May 2016. In 2006 Finnair planned to launch a service to Kuala Lumpur which was planned via Bangkok.[55] However, Finnair canceled the plan and switched the Helsinki–Singapore route to non-stop. Previously, it was operated via Bangkok.

In the future Finnair is looking to expand its service to China even further by adding new destinations and increasing frequencies on main routes such as Beijing and Shanghai. However, existing bilateral agreements between Finland and China disallow more than seven weekly flights to the aforementioned cities. The airline is also considering to add new destinations and airports to its network in Japan having Sapporo and Tokyo Haneda as targets. In addition, Malaysia and Indonesia have been mentioned as potential new markets.[56]

The Middle East[edit]

In the Middle East Finnair has a few destinations including Dubai in the United Arab Emirates together with Tel Aviv and Eilat in Israel. Finnair operates to Dubai 6x times a week in the winter season. Tel Aviv will be operated 3x times a week from summer 2018 and Eilat twice a week in the winter season. In the Middle East, Finnair has also served Bahrain and Jordan.


Finnair has served North America since 1969: its first intercontinental route started on 15 May 1969 to New York City via Copenhagen and Amsterdam. Besides New York, Finnair flies to Chicago, San Francisco and Miami in the United States. Previously the airline also flew to Boston, Detroit, Dallas, Los Angeles and Seattle. In Canada the carrier previously operated flights to Halifax, Montréal and Toronto. Halifax was used as a stopover on the carrier's Caribbean flights.

On 25 September 2015, Finnair announced that the airline will make Miami route a year-round and add more frequencies to Chicago due to an increase in demand.[57] While Finnair made Miami a year-round route, the airline discontinued its Toronto service. Now Finnair has five scheduled routes to North-America: Miami with three weekly frequencies in the winter season, New York with daily service and Chicago, a summer seasonal route with daily service from 2018, a thrice-weekly San Francisco service and once weekly service to Puerto Vallarta.

From December 2017 Finnair will fly to several destinations in the Caribbean including Havana and Puerto Plata, and on the Pacific Ocean coast such as Puerto Vallarta. Those destinations were previously served by charter flights but all of them will be switched to scheduled service. These routes are Finnair's first scheduled routes to Latin America. Puerto Vallarta is Finnair's first destination in North America that is regularly served with Airbus A350 and its the longest route. In Latin America, Finnair has flown to cities such as Recife, Fortaleza, Panama, Holguin, Varadero, Cartagena, and Margarita.

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Finnair codeshares with the following airlines:[58]

Interline agreements[edit]

Finnair has interlining agreements with the following airlines:


Finnair is a member of Oneworld, an airline alliance.


Current fleet[edit]

Finnair's first Airbus A350-900 (OH-LWA)
A Nordic Regional Airlines ATR 72-500 aircraft in the new livery

As of November 2017, the Finnair fleet consists of the following aircraft:[60][61]

Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
J W Y Total Refs
Airbus A319-100 8 14 124 138 [62] To be phased out by 2022[63]
Will be equipped with Wi-Fi.[64]
Airbus A320-200 10 14 144 158 [65]
Airbus A321-200 18 1 16 180 196 [66] Remaining one to be delivered in 2018[67][68][69]
Oldest aircraft to be phased out by 2022[63]
Will be equipped with Wi-Fi.[64]
193 209 [70]
Airbus A330-300 8 45 40 178 263 [71] All aircraft will receive new cabin interior[72]
Will be equipped with Wi-Fi.[64]
32 217 289 [73]
Airbus A350-900 11 8 46 43 208 297 [74] Deliveries until 2022.[75][76]
All aircraft are equipped with Wi-Fi[77]
32 42 262 336 [78]
ATR 72-500 12 68 68 [79] All leased to Nordic Regional Airlines[80]
72 72 [81]
Embraer E190 12 12 88 100 [82] Operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Total 79 9

Aircraft types[edit]

Narrow-body aircraft[edit]

Finnair received its first narrow-body aircraft manufactured by Airbus, Airbus A321, on 28 January 1999. Now the airline operates the fleet of up to 18 A321s. The first Airbus A319 aircraft was delivered to Finnair on 20 September 1999. Since then, Finnair has received 11 A319s, but three of them are now retired. Finnair utilizes Airbus A319, A320 and A321 aircraft on domestic and European flights. Airbus A321-231, which are equipped with winglets, is also used on some long-haul flights such as to Dubai. ATR 72-500 and Embraer E190 are operated by Nordic Regional Airlines and are also used on domestic and European flights.

Airbus A330[edit]

Finnair received its first A330-300s on 27 March 2009.[83] Now the airline has eight Airbus A330-300 aircraft in the fleet. As of December 2017, the airline utilizes A330 on intercontinental flights from Helsinki to Chicago, Chongqing, Delhi, Fukuoka, Goa, Guangzhou, Miami, Nagoya, New York, Puerto Plata, San Francisco and Xi'an. As of May 2018, Finnair will be using A330 also on flights to Nanjing. The A330s are powered by General Electric CF6-80E1 engines.[84]

Airbus A350[edit]

On 8 March 2007, Finnair firmed up its orders for 11 Airbus A350-900 aircraft with 8 options. On 3 December 2014, it was announced that Finnair had firmed up the contract for 8 additional Airbus A350-900 aircraft deliveries starting in 2018.[21] On 13 August 2014, Finnair announced plans to initially deploy its A350-900 aircraft on services to Bangkok, Beijing and Shanghai from 2015, with A350 services to Hong Kong and Singapore to be added in 2016. Currently Finnair operates the Airbus A350 to Bangkok, Beijing, Hong Kong, Havana, Ho Chi Minh City, Osaka, Krabi, Phuket, Puerto Vallarta, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore and Tokyo. Finnair also operated A350 aircraft on several flights to New York in January 2016 and became the first European airline to operate the A350 to the United States.[85] Finnair uses the A350 daily on the morning AY1331 flight from Helsinki to London–Heathrow to carry extra freight as well.

Finnair took delivery of its first A350-900 XWB aircraft on 7 October 2015, becoming the third airline to operate the aircraft, after Qatar Airways and Vietnam Airlines.[86] According to the currently anticipated delivery schedule, it will have five A350 XWB aircraft at the beginning of the second quarter of 2016, seven by the end of 2016, 11 by the end of 2017, and 19 by the end of 2023.

Future fleet plans[edit]

Due to an aging narrow-body fleet, Finnair plans to retire the Airbus A320–family by 2022, excluding newer 12 Airbus A321 aircraft. The airline plans to replace old aircraft by over 30 new Airbus A320neo family or Boeing 737 MAX new-generation aircraft. In addition to the narrow-body fleet, the airline has considered switching some of the orders for the A350-900 to the Airbus A350-1000 aircraft but decided to keep the orders for only A350-900. In the beginning of 2017, Finnair revealed plans to add more seats to some of the Airbus A350 aircraft on order to increase capacity by up to 13%. The new seat configuration will have 32 seats in Business Class, 42 seats in Economy Comfort Class and 262 in Economy Class, a total of 336 seats. This second seat configuration was initially planned to be used on routes with less business-class demand such as Bangkok, Beijing and Seoul, as well as on routes to leisure destinations such as Phuket, Krabi or Puerto Vallarta.[87]

Finnair announced the order for 11 Airbus A350 XWB aircraft and 8 options on 8 March 2007. Finnair planned to retire older Airbus A340 aircraft by the end of 2017 and replace them with brand new A350 aircraft. As of 1 February 2017, all Airbus A340 aircraft are exited from the fleet. The very last A340 (OH-LQE) operated its last flight from Tokyo to Helsinki on 1 February 2017. Finnair firmed up orders for eight additional A350 aircraft on 3 December 2014. The first A350 was delivered to Finnair in October 2015 and the airline became the first European operator of the Airbus A350.

Finnair has modified its previous fleet plan to retire two of Airbus A330 aircraft, which was established in 2014. The 2016 fleet plan now involves keeping its A330 fleet as its A350s are delivered, rather than withdrawing two of them in 2017, and shall retire those aircraft in the 2020s at the earliest. Airline's plan to retire two A330s was not the only change that was planned. Under the previous plan, the long haul fleet was to grow by one per year, from 15 in 2015 to 20 in 2020. Under the 2016 plan, it will now grow to 22 in 2020, and to 26 in 2023. However, should market conditions be weaker than expected, Finnair has the flexibility to return the wide-body fleet to a total of 15 aircraft in 2019 and to maintain it at this level through to 2023. Some of the new A350 aircraft will increase the number of aircraft operated by Finnair. The Finnish flag carrier now has 11 A350-900s and a further 8 to be delivered by 2022 (one more in 2018 and two in 2019, and the rest 5 aircraft between 2020 and 2022).

The Finnair-branded short-haul network also includes 24 regional aircraft operated by Nordic Regional Airlines (12 ATR72 and 12 E190). The combined narrowbody/regional fleet comprised a total of 54 aircraft the end of Mar-2016. This total is set to climb only to 55 in 2023, with downside flexibility to fall to 17. Finnair plans for the A320 family fleet to grow to 36 aircraft in 2020, with the A319 fleet falling to seven and the A321 fleet rising to 19.

On 18 December 2015, Finnair decided to improve the space efficiency of its current Airbus narrow-body fleet due to a growing need for feeder traffic capacity. The value of the investment is approximately EUR 40 million, and it includes 22 narrow-body Airbus aircraft in Finnair’s fleet. The cabin layout change excludes five A321ER aircraft, which are already configured according to the plan, having 209 seats. The cabin reconfiguration is estimated to take two weeks per aircraft during 2017. The reconfiguration adds 6 to 13 seats depending on the aircraft type, increasing the passenger capacity of Finnair’s Airbus narrow-body fleet as measured by available seat kilometers by close to 4 percent.[88] Finnair also has planned to increase the number of its narrow-body fleet. As a first step, Finnair will lease eight Airbus A321 narrow-body aircraft.

In March 2016, Finnair announced to lease two Airbus A321 aircraft from Air Berlin for Finnair's European operations. These two aircraft were delivered in late April 2016 to Finnair. The airline has used these A321s on flights from Helsinki to Amsterdam, Berlin, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Ljubljana, Paris, Split, Vienna and Zürich.[89]

On 15 December 2016, Finnair announced to lease two Airbus A321s from CDB Aviation Lease Finance. The first aircraft is scheduled for delivery to Finnair for the winter season 2017/2018 and the second for the summer season 2018. Seven of the ordered aircraft will be delivered in 2017.[68]

Special liveries[edit]

Finnair's current special liveries are Marimekko "Kivet", Marimekko-50th Anniversary "Unikko”, Oneworld-liveries, and the Christmas special “Reindeer” liveries. Finnair has also used special liveries, including the "Marimekko Unikko", "Moomins", "Santa Claus", 1950s retro livery and Angry Birds.

Finnair Airbus A330-300 (OH-LTO) in Marimekko 50th Anniversary "Unikko"-livery.
Finnair Airbus A350-900 (OH-LWB) in Oneworld-livery.
Registration Livery Aircraft Source
OH-LVD Oneworld livery Airbus A319-100 [90]
OH-LTO Marimekko 50th Anniversary "Unikko" Livery Airbus A330-300 [91]
OH-LWB Oneworld-livery Airbus A350-900 [92]
OH-LWL Marimekko Kivet-livery [93]
OH-LKN Oneworld-livery Embraer 190 [94]

Historical fleet[edit]

Finnair has previously operated the following equipment:[95]

Aircraft Total[96] Introduced Retired Notes
ATR 42-300 6 1986 1990
ATR 72-500 12 1990 Present
Airbus A300B4-200FF 2 1986 2004 Equipped with a 2-crew cockpit
Airbus A319-100 11 1999 Present Two aircraft have been retired.[96]
Airbus A320-200 12 2001 Present Two aircraft have been retired.[96]
Airbus A321-200 18 1999 Present
Airbus A330-300 8 2009 Present
Airbus A340-300 7 2006 2017 Last commercial service was on 1 February 2017[97][98]
After retired, it was replaced by Airbus A350-900.
Three aircraft were former Air France and Virgin Atlantic fleets.
Two aircraft were disposed to Air Belgium.
The three others are currently in storage.[99]
Airbus A350-900 11 2015 Present
Boeing 757-200 7 1997 2014 Replaced by Airbus A321-200.
Convair CV-440 Metropolitan Unknown 1953 1980
de Havilland Dragon Rapide Unknown 1937 1947
Douglas DC-2 Unknown 1941 1948
Douglas DC-3 Unknown 1947 1969
Douglas DC-8-62CF Unknown 1969 1981
Douglas DC-8-62 Unknown 1975 1985
Douglas DC-9 Series 27 1971 2003
Embraer E170 10 2005 2016 Operated by Nordic Regional Airlines.
Embraer E190 12 2007 Present Operated by Nordic Regional Airlines.
Fokker F27 Unknown 1980 1987
Junkers F.13 Unknown 1924 1935
Junkers G.24 Unknown 1926 1935
Junkers Ju 52/3m Unknown 1932 1949
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 4 1975 1996
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER 1 1981 1995
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 7 1990 2009 Launch Customer
Ater retired, all fleets are converted into freighter
Replaced by Airbus A340-300 aircraft
McDonnell Douglas MD-11F 2 2010 2011 Disposed to Nordic Global Airlines
McDonnell Douglas MD-80 family 26 1983 2006
Sud Aviation Caravelle 1A Unknown 1960 1961
Sud Aviation Caravelle III Unknown 1961 1964
Sud Aviation Caravelle 10B Super Caravelle Unknown 1964 1986


Finnair Plus[edit]

Finnair Plus is Finnair's frequent-flyer programme. Passengers are awarded points based on the type and class of flight flown. Once enough miles are banked into the passenger's account, a membership tier (Basic, Silver, Gold or Platinum) is awarded. There is a Junior tier exclusively for minors. Silver, Gold, and Platinum members have privileges such as premium check-in desks and priority boarding.

Finnair offers frequent-flyer partnerships with Nordic Regional Airlines (only for the 2000 flight number series, not for domestic flights) in addition to those in the Oneworld alliance:

In addition to earning points on flights with Finnair and its partner airlines, Finnair Plus members can earn points through various hotel and car rental partners in Finland and around the world along with other service partners.

Finnair lounges[edit]

Finnair lounge at Helsinki Airport.

Finnair operates three own lounges at Helsinki Airport. One is accessible in the Schengen Area by travelers in Finnair's Business Class, Gold and Platinum of the Finnair Plus program members as well as Oneworld Sapphire and Emerald members. The two other are located in the non-Schengen area and the Finnair Business Lounge has the same access criteria as the one in the Schengen area except Japan Airlines Business Class passengers also have access. Finnair also operates a Premium Lounge next to the Business lounge in the non-Schengen area that Gold and Platinum of the Finnair Plus program members have access to as well as Oneworld Emerald members have access to. The non-Schengen lounges have a Finnish sauna. The remaining international destinations are served with contract lounges.

Economy Comfort[edit]

Finnair Airbus A350-900 Economy Class

Economy Comfort is Finnair's new premium economy product debuting on long haul aircraft December 2014. It will not be a separate class but more of an upgraded economy product, much like Delta's Economy Comfort class. Economy Comfort seats will be located in the first 5 rows of economy providing 34–36" of pitch (3–5" more pitch than standard economy seats) and a comfier headrest, plus noise canceling headphones and a comfort kit. Seats will be free to Finnair Plus and oneworld elites and passengers with a full fare coach ticket, and available to all other customers for a fee.

Meals and drinks[edit]

On most European flights, a cold salad or sandwich is served, together with non-alcoholic beverages. Alcoholic beverages and additional food items are available for purchase. Domestic flights as well as shorter European flights have snacks for sale and free non-alcoholic beverages. Business class offers warm meals and free beverages, including alcohol. On most Intercontinental flights there is a choice of meals in economy class. In inter-continental business class on most Airbus aircraft (excluding those with fully lie-flat seats), there is a dedicated snack bar.[100] As of November 2014 the complementary salad or sandwich is discontinued and beverages have been limited to coffee, tea, water, milk and blueberry juice on European flights.[101]

In-flight entertainment[edit]

All Finnair aircraft have LCD video monitors or personal entertainment systems except the Embraer 170s and 190s and the Airbus A321-231 (Sharklet). Airbus A320 series aircraft have monitors showing exterior shots, moving-map systems and mute television programs. Airbus A330, Airbus A340 and Airbus A350 aircraft have an AVOD personal entertainment system on all seats with about 72 movies, 150 TV shows, 200 music albums, 24 radio channels and 15 games.[102]

In-flight magazine[edit]

Finnair's English-language in-flight magazine, Blue Wings, is published 10 times a year by the Finnish media group Sanoma. The first edition of Blue Wings magazine was published in 1980. There are domestic and international newspapers on all flights and magazines on long-haul flights in business class.


Year Award By Notes
2009 4-Star Airline Skytrax World Airline Awards [103]
2010 Best Airline In Northern Europe [104][105]
2013 Best Airline In Northern Europe Skytrax World Airline Awards [105]
Best European Airline TTG Annual Travel Awards [106]
Best International Airline — Off-Line Carrier AFTA National Travel Industry Awards [107]
2014 Best Airline In Northern Europe Skytrax World Airline Awards [105]
Best European Airline TTG Annual Travel Awards [106]
2015 Best Airline In Northern Europe Skytrax World Airline Awards [105]
2016 Best European Airline TTG Annual Travel Awards [106]
Best Airline In Northern Europe Skytrax World Airline Awards [108]
Best Airline Business Class Best Travel Awards [109]
Best Inflight Catering Airline World Traveller Awards [109]
2017 Best European Airline TTG Annual Travel Awards [110]
Best Airline In Northern Europe Skytrax World Airline Awards [111]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 16 November 1927, a Junkers F.13 disappeared en route from Tallinn to Helsinki. The pilot and his two passengers were never found.
  • On 10 November 1937, a Junkers Ju 52 en route from Turku to Stockholm suffered the detachment of the nose-engine whilst over the sea. The pilots managed to successfully land the aircraft with no fatalities. A broken propeller blade resulted in a severe imbalance that tore the engine off.
  • On 14 June 1940, Ju 52 aircraft Kaleva was shot down by the Soviet Air Force over the Gulf of Finland, apparently as a prelude to the Occupation of Estonia. All 9 people on board perished.
  • On 7 June 1941, a Ju 52 aircraft equipped with floats was forced to make an emergency landing after losing power on all three engines due to fuel impurity. Although the aircraft was recovered and returned to service, the two occupants of the aircraft drowned while attempting to swim to safety.
  • On 31 October 1945, a Ju 52 suffered a CFIT on approach to Hyvinkää. Radio signals were distorted by high-tension wires and the pilots let the plane descend too low. All 14 people on board survived, but the aircraft was written off.
  • On 3 January 1961, Flight 311 from Kronoby to Vaasa flown by a Douglas DC-3 stalled on final approach and crashed, killing all 25 people on board. The two pilots were both intoxicated by alcohol and sleep deprived. This is Finland's worst aviation accident.
  • On 8 November 1963, Flight 217 from Helsinki to Mariehamn via Turku flown by a DC-3 crashed into terrain on final approach to Mariehamn. The sole flight attendant and two passengers were the only survivors of the crash. The cause was believed to have been poor visibility and a malfunctioning altimeter that tricked the pilots into believing they were higher than they really were. 20 passengers and 2 crew were killed. To date, this is Finnair's last fatal accident.
  • On 30 September 1978, Flight 405 from Oulu to Helsinki flown by Sud Aviation Caravelle was hijacked by a lone male armed with a pistol {Finland did not perform security checks on domestic flights}, who held the 48 other passengers and crew hostage. The plane continued to Helsinki, where 34 of the 44 passengers were released before returning to Oulu where the hijacker received a large ransom from Finnair. The plane then returned to Helsinki for another ransom from a Finnish newspaper before flying to Amsterdam and then back to Helsinki before returning to Oulu. The hijacker released the last hostages and departed the plane before being arrested on October 1 at his home.
  • On 23 December 1987, Flight 915 from Tokyo to Helsinki was allegedly shot at by a missile whilst over the Kola Peninsula. The missile allegedly exploded in the air before striking the DC-10. The events were not revealed until 2014.[citation needed]


  1. ^ oup_14_1.html Finnair[permanent dead link]. Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Financial Report 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  3. ^ LOT Polish Airlines, Finnair lead network expansion race among Europe’s flag carriers; British Airways adds 20 new routes in two years 19 April 2017
  4. ^ "Finnair". Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Airline Membership". IATA. Archived from the original on 2015-07-11. 
  6. ^ "Finnair appoints Pekka Vauramo as CEO". Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  7. ^ "Annual Report 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  8. ^ "Annual Report 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  9. ^ "Articles of Association Archived 2011-04-11 at the Wayback Machine.." Finnair. Retrieved on 18 February 2011. "Section 1 The name of the Company is Finnair Oyj, and its domicile is Helsinki. The name of the Company in Swedish is Finnair Abp and in English Finnair Plc."
  10. ^ Hofmann, Kurt (18 January 2017). "Finnair denies interest in A350-1000; expands long-haul network". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 21 January 2017. The Finland flag carrier is the A350 launch customer with 19 of the type on order, all scheduled for delivery through the end of 2023. 
  11. ^ a b of the company.Major Shareholders Archived 2014-02-03 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 21 August 2013.
  12. ^ JACDEC SAFETY RANKING 2014 Retrieved 1 April 2015
  13. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 2 April 1964. 511.
  14. ^ Finnair Archived 2009-07-18 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
  15. ^ Flying over not so friendly Countries [Archive] – PPRuNe Forums. (1967-11-04). Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
  16. ^ 1986 | 2900 | Flight Archive. (1986-10-25). Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
  17. ^ "1986 | 2900 | Flight Archive". Retrieved 2017-08-13. 
  18. ^ boeing | caravelle | 1983 | 0592 | Flight Archive. Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
  19. ^ 1986 | 0806 | Flight Archive. (1986-04-05). Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
  20. ^ Apr 23, 2013 Victoria Moores (2013-04-23). "Finnair sells its stake in Norwegian Air Shuttle for â‚Ź53 million | Data & Financials content from". ATWOnline. Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  21. ^ a b "Finnair firms up orders for eight additional A350 aircraft" (published 3 December 2014). 5 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. 
  22. ^ "Strike at Finnair over restructuring is settled by conciliation". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 21 December 2006. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  23. ^ "Restructuring dispute at Finnair continues". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  24. ^ "Impartiality of national conciliator in Finnair dispute questioned". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 14 April 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  25. ^ "Former national conciliator called to resolve airport outsourcing dispute". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 17 February 2010. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  26. ^ "Finnair strike injunction criticised by unions and legal experts". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  27. ^ "Finnair transfers baggage and apron services to Swissport at Helsinki Airport". Ground Handling Information. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  28. ^ a b c "Financial Report 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  29. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 81. 
  30. ^ "Company Info." Finnair Cargo. Retrieved on 13 September 2011.
  31. ^ "Contact Info." Finnair Cargo. Retrieved on 13 September 2011. "ADDRESS Finnair Cargo Oy Rahtitie 1, 01530 Vantaa"
  32. ^ "Head Office." Finnair Cargo. Retrieved on 13 September 2011. "HEAD OFFICE CONTACTS Finnair Cargo / Finnair Cargo Terminal Operations head office: Finnair Cargo Oy / Finnair Cargo Terminal Operations Oy Rahtitie 1 FIN-01530 Vantaa FINLAND"
  33. ^ "Financial Report 2003" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-11. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  34. ^ "Annual Report 2004" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-11. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  35. ^ "Financial Report 2005" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-11. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  36. ^ "Financial Report 2006" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-21. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  37. ^ "Financial Report 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-11. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  38. ^ "Financial Report 2008" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-21. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  39. ^ "Financial Report 2009" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-11. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  40. ^ "Financial Report 2010" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  41. ^ "Financial Report 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  42. ^ "Financial Report 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 8 February 2013. [permanent dead link]
  43. ^ "Financial Report 2013" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-25. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  44. ^ "Financial Report 2014" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-12. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  45. ^ "Financial Report 2015" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-02-16. Retrieved 12 February 2016. 
  46. ^ "1994 Archived 2011-07-11 at the Wayback Machine.." Finnair Group. Retrieved on 14 February 2010. "Finnair's head office moved from the centre of Helsinki to Helsinki-Vantaa Airport. The official 'house-warming' at Tietotie 11 was held on 11 January."
  47. ^ "Finnair likes it HOTT | Finnair blog". Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  48. ^ "Finnish pension fund to develop Finnair headquarters." Property Investor Europe. 6 July 2011. Retrieved on 13 September 2011.
  49. ^ [1] Archived April 3, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  50. ^ (in Finnish) Miehistö Archived 2011-06-09 at the Wayback Machine.. Finnair. Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
  51. ^ "Finnair Adds New European Routes in S16". Routesonline. Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  52. ^
  53. ^ Finnair to fly from Chennai, plans to add Bangalore Retrieved 26 May 2017
  54. ^ Finnair looking to further expand Asian network in coming years centreforaviation 27 March 2013
  55. ^ Finnair to fly to KL Retrieved 26 May 2017
  56. ^
  57. ^ "Media – Finnair". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  58. ^ "Profile on Finnair". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-10-29. Retrieved 2016-10-29. 
  59. ^ Interline partners Vistara Retrieved 25 September 2017
  60. ^ "Orders & deliveries". Airbus. Airbus SAS. Archived from the original on 3 July 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 
  61. ^ "Finnair on ch-aviation". Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  62. ^ "Airbus A319-100 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  63. ^ a b Finnair Airbus to Swap Finnair's Zodiac Seats Amid A350 Quality Concerns 5 June 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2017
  64. ^ a b c Finnair Group Half-Year Report 1 January–30 June 2017 20 July 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017
  65. ^ "Airbus A320-200 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  66. ^ "Airbus A321-200 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  67. ^ Finnair proceeds with its growth strategy; expands and modernises its European fleet Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 30 December 2015
  68. ^ a b Finnair continues the implementation of its growth strategy and leases two further A321 aircraft Archived 2016-06-24 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 28 April 2016
  69. ^ Finnair leases two A321 aircraft for the long term Retrieved on 15 December 2016
  70. ^ "Airbus A321-231 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  71. ^ "Airbus A330-300 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  72. ^ "Kiinalaisturistien vyöry Lappiin ylitti odotukset – Finnair lisää yhteistyötä Alitripin kanssa". (in Finnish) 2017-01-13 Retrieved on 28 February 2017
  73. ^ "Airbus A330-300 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  74. ^ "Airbus A350-900 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  75. ^ "Annual Report 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  76. ^ "A350-900". World Airline News. Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  77. ^ Finnair A350 to offer free wifi 6 October 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2017
  78. ^ "Airbus A350-900 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  79. ^ "ART 72-500 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  80. ^ "Finnair leases ATR to Flybe Nordic (now Nordic Regional Airlines)". Archived from the original on 2015-07-25. Retrieved 2015-07-23. 
  81. ^ "ART 72-500 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  82. ^ "Embraer 190 seat map" Retrieved 2 January 2018
  83. ^ Finnair receives first A330 27 March 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  84. ^ Finnair receives first A330 27 March 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  85. ^ url=
  86. ^ [2]. (7 October 2015). Retrieved on 21 July 2016.
  87. ^ Finnair outlines High-Density A350-900 operational routes 18 February 2017
  88. ^ Finnair adds seating capacity to its feeder fleet –
  89. ^ Finnair leases two Air Berlin A321s for one year – (Finnish)
  90. ^ "OH-LVD "Oneworld"". Retrieved 2015-07-27. 
  91. ^ "OH-LTO "Unikko"". Retrieved 2015-07-27. 
  92. ^ "OH-LWB "Oneworld"". Retrieved 2015-07-27. 
  93. ^ "Finnair unveils A350 Marimekko Kivet livery". Retrieved 2017-07-21. 
  94. ^ "OH-LKN "Oneworld"". Retrieved 2015-07-27. 
  95. ^ Wegg, John (1983). Finnair. The Art of Flying since 1923. Finnair Oy. ISBN 951-99450-3-2. 
  96. ^ a b c "Finnair Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 30 April 2017. 
  97. ^ "Viimeinen nelimoottorisen Airbus A340 -koneen lento Finnairin väreissä on ohi". Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  98. ^ – Finnair confirms A340 phase-out plans; to retain A330s 27 May 2016
  99. ^
  100. ^ "Finnair : Travel". Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2017. 
  101. ^ [ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-03. Retrieved 2015-04-23. ]
  102. ^ Käyttäjätunnus. "Viihde ja työskentely – Finnair – Suomi". Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  103. ^ "Media – Finnair". Archived from the original on 9 May 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  104. ^ "The Best Airlines in the World by Region | 2016". Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  105. ^ a b c d "Media – Finnair". Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  106. ^ a b c "Media – Finnair". Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  107. ^ faccadmin (2013-07-23). "Finnair named best at AFTA national travel industry awards | Finland Australia Chamber of Commerce Inc". Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  108. ^ "The World's Top 100 Airlines in 2016". Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  109. ^ a b "Finnair selected as Best Airline for Business Class and Best Airline for Inflight Catering in China – Finnair". 2016-11-18. Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  110. ^ Kiinalainen TTG China Travel Awards valitsi Finnairin jo toistamiseen Euroopan parhaaksi lentoyhtiöksi 24 March 2017
  111. ^ "The World's Top 100 Airlines in 2017". Retrieved 2017-06-20. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Finnair at Wikimedia Commons