Aerococcus

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Aerococcus
Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Bacilli
Order: Lactobacillales
Family: Aerococcaceae
Genus: Aerococcus
Williams et al., 1953
Type species
A. viridans
Williams et al., 1953

Aerococcus is a genus in the phylum Firmicutes (Bacteria).[1] The genus was first identified in 1953 from samples of air and dust as a catalase negative Gram positive coccus that grew in small clusters.[2] They were subsequently found in hospital environments and meat-curing brines.[3] It has been difficult to identify as it resembles alpha-hemolytic Streptococcus on blood agar plates and is difficult to identify by biochemical means.[4] Sequencing of 16S rRNA have become the gold standard for identification, but other techniques such as MALDI-TOF have also been useful for identifying both the genus and species.[4]

Etymology[edit]

The name Aerococcus derives from the Greek masculine-gender noun aer, aeros (ἀήρ, ἀέρος), air; New Latin masculine gender noun coccus (from Greek noun kokkos (κόκκος)), a berry; New Latin masculine gender noun Aerococcus, air coccus.[5] The name was given based on its round shape and that it was first discovered in air samples.[2]

Species[edit]

The genus contains these species:[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Classification of Genera AC entry in LPSN [Euzéby, J.P. (1997). "List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet". Int J Syst Bacteriol. 47 (2): 590–2. doi:10.1099/00207713-47-2-590. ISSN 0020-7713. PMID 9103655. ]
  2. ^ a b Williams, R. E. O.; Hirch, A.; Cowan, S. T. (1953-06-01). "Aerococcus, a New Bacterial Genus". Journal of General Microbiology. 8 (3): 475–480. doi:10.1099/00221287-8-3-475. 
  3. ^ Aguirre, M.; Collins, M. D. (1993-05-01). "Development of a polymerase chain reaction test for specific identification of the urinary tract pathogen Aerococcus urinae". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 31 (5): 1350–1353. ISSN 0095-1137. PMC 262936free to read. PMID 7684752. 
  4. ^ a b Rasmussen, Magnus (Jun 2013). "Aerococci and aerococcal infections". Journal of Infection. 66 (6): 467–474. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2012.12.006. PMID 23277106. 
  5. ^ a b Aerococcus entry in LPSN [Euzéby, J.P. (1997). "List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet". Int J Syst Bacteriol. 47 (2): 590–2. doi:10.1099/00207713-47-2-590. ISSN 0020-7713. PMID 9103655. ]
  6. ^ "Note: Aerococcus christensenii sp. nov., from the human vagina". Ijs.sgmjournals.org. 1999-07-01. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  7. ^ "Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 50, part 2, of the IJSEM". Ijs.sgmjournals.org. 2001-05-01. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  8. ^ Vela, A. I.; Garcia, N.; Latre, M. V.; Casamayor, A.; Sanchez-Porro, C.; Briones, V.; Ventosa, A.; Dominguez, L.; Fernandez-Garayzabal, J. F. (2007). "Aerococcus suis sp. Nov., isolated from clinical specimens from swine". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 57 (6): 1291–1294. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64537-0. 
  9. ^ "Validation of the Publication of New Names and New Combinations Previously Effectively Published Outside the IJSB". Ijs.sgmjournals.org. 1992-07-01. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  10. ^ Giovanna E. Felis; Sandra Torriani; Franco Dellaglio (2005-01-14). "Reclassification of Pediococcus urinaeequi (ex Mees 1934) Garvie 1988 as Aerococcus urinaeequi comb. nov". Ijs.sgmjournals.org. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  11. ^ P A Lawson; E Falsen; M Ohlén; M D Collins (2001-03-01). "Aerococcus urinaehominis sp. nov., isolated from human urine". Ijs.sgmjournals.org. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  12. ^ "Approved Lists of Bacterial Names". Ijs.sgmjournals.org. 1980-01-01. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  13. ^ Spencer J. Greenwood; Ian R. Keith; Béatrice M. Després; Richard J. Cawthorn (2005). "Genetic characterization of the lobster pathogen Aerococcus viridans var. homari by 16S rRNA gene sequence and RAPD" (PDF). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 63 (2–3): 237–246. doi:10.3354/dao063237. PMID 15819439.