Aeroflot Flight 505

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Aeroflot Flight 505
Yakovlev Yak-40, Aeroflot AN1083660.jpg
An Aeroflot, Yak-40, similar to the one involved.
Accident summary
Date Jan 16, 1987
Summary Wake vortex encounter leading to crash
Site Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Passengers 5
Crew 4
Fatalities 9 (all)
Injuries (non-fatal) 0
Survivors 0
Aircraft type Yakovlev Yak-40
Operator Aeroflot
Registration CCCP-87618
Flight origin Tashkent Airport, Uzbekistan
Destination Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan

Aeroflot Flight 505 crashed just after take-off in Tashkent. Flight 505 was an early morning flight from Tashkent to Shahrisabz, both in the Uzbek SSR, now Uzbekistan. The flight took off just one minute and 28 seconds after an Ilyushin Il-76, thus encountering its wake vortex. The Yakovlev Yak-40 then banked sharply to the right, struck the ground, and caught fire. All 9 people on board died.[1][2]

Aircraft and Crew[edit]

The aircraft involved, a Yakovlev Yak-40, was registered to Aeroflot as CCCP-87618. At the time of the accident the aircraft had 17,132 airframe hours and 20,927 cycles (one cycle equals one takeoff and landing).[2]

The crew consisted of the following:

  • Captain T. Yunusbek (Юнусбеков Т.)
  • Co-Pilot Valery Strunin. (Струнин Валерий Александрович)
  • Flight Engineer R. F. Davydov (Давыдов Р. Ф.)
  • Stewardess T. A. Kulikova (Куликова Т. А.)

Sequence of Events[edit]

The plane was scheduled to ferry cargo from Tashkent to Shakhrisabz. On board were 1,200 kilograms of mail and 35 kilograms of personal luggage, along with four passengers were seated in the cabin. Takeoff weight was 14.4 tons, within the acceptable range. The crew was in a hurry to depart because the cargo was not loaded until 6:00 local time and they were scheduled to depart Tashkent at 5:55; hence the crew took less than a minute to complete the preflight checklist instead of the usual five minutes. They proceeded to start taxiing on taxiway three to Runway 8L. At 6:09:40 the Il-76 (CCCP-76482) took off from the runway. Immediately they contacted the control tower and requested clearance for takeoff. After receiving permission to taxi onto the runway, and at 6:10:58 they took off without explicit permission to takeoff, in violation of procedure. The crew put the engines to full power accelerating at 124.2 knots; but at 6:11:04 when the aircraft was no more than 20 meters off the ground the aircraft started to bank sharply to the right and at 6:11:15 the aircraft crashed into the ground, killing all nine people aboard.[3]

Cause[edit]

An Ilyushin Il-76, similar to the aircraft that caused the wake turbulence.

The Yak-40 took off 1 minute and 28 seconds after an Ilyushin IL-76. When investigating the causes of the disaster the commission found that despite the IL-76's position it still would have left wake turbulence. The wind was only 1 mph; leading to the conclusion that the behavior of the aircraft Yak-40 can be explained only by hitting the wake turbulence of a much heavier IL-76 taking off from the same runway in just 1 minute 15 seconds before the Yak-40. Tashkent Airport had a minimum takeoff interval of only one minute, regardless of aircraft type, leading to the relatively small Yak-40 quickly losing control and crashing upon encountering the wake vortex.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]