Aeronautical Rescue Coordination Centre
|Aeronautical Rescue Coordination Centre
Royal Navy Sea King
|Branch||Her Majesty's Coastguard|
|Role||All air-sea rescue and search and rescue in the UK|
Fareham, Hampshire England
|Nickname(s)||ARRC, UK Rescue|
|Helicopter||AgustaWestland AW139, AgustaWestland AW189, Sikorsky S-92|
The United Kingdom's Aeronautical Rescue Coordination Centre (ARCC) is based at the National Maritime Operations Centre (NMOC), Fareham, Hampshire.
The centre is responsible for coordinating all Maritime and Coastguard Agency Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopters, and also the Royal Air Force Mountain Rescue Service. It monitors rescues in the United Kingdom Search and Rescue Region (UK SRR), which extends to 30 degrees west in longitude, and from 45 to 61 degrees north latitude (as far north as just south of the Danish Faroe Islands), excluding the Republic of Ireland (Ireland SRR).
Sikorsky S-92 helicopters can operate in excess of 250 miles from their base, with an endurance of over four hours.
AgustaWestland AW189 helicopters can operate in excess of 200 miles from their base, with an endurance of over four hours.
Fareham has no helicopter squadrons, however it controls rescue helicopters at:
- Stornoway Airport on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides
- Sumburgh Airport, south of Lerwick in the Shetland Islands
- Lee-on-Solent, four miles west of Portsmouth in Hampshire
- Portland, within Portland Harbour
- Humberside Airport
- Inverness Airport
- Caernarfon Airport
- Lydd Airport
- St Athan
- Prestwick Airport
- Newquay Airport
In March 2016 ownership of tasking search and rescue aircraft transferred from the RAF to HM Coastguard based at the National Maritime Operations Centre (NMOC) in Fareham, Hampshire.
Coastguard helicopters are on standby 24 hours a day to assist those in difficulty, both at sea and over land. Helicopter crews are at 15 minutes notice during the day, reducing to 45 minutes at night.
The control centre is manned by HM Coastguard, who operate long-range HF communication equipment. And coordinating the tasking of helicopters following requests from the emergency services. With an area of responsibility spanning almost 1 million square miles, the ARCC deals with incidents across the whole of the UK out to halfway across the North Atlantic.
ARCC coordinating staff come from a variety of backgrounds within the aviation and military community and work very closely with the Coastguard, Police, Ambulance Authorities and Fire & Rescue Services.
UK Mission Control Centre
The ARCC is also home to the UK Cospas-Sarsat Mission Control Centre (UKMCC). This is the centre that detects emergency beacons within the UK Search and Rescue Region (SRR) using an advanced computer system. Maritime distress beacon information is passed to the Coastguard authorities but terrestrial alerts are investigated by the UKMCC, often requiring the use of SAR helicopters to pinpoint the beacon's position.