|An Aeronca LB|
|National origin||United States of America|
|Primary user||Private pilot owners|
LA $2750, LB $2995, LC $3275 (1937)
The Aeronca L was a 1930s American cabin monoplane designed and built, in small numbers, by Aeronca Aircraft. It differed significantly from other Aeronca planes by the use of radial engines, streamlining, and a cantilever low wing.
Design and construction
Quite unlike other Aeronca designs, the Model L was a "cantilever" (no external struts for bracing) low-wing monoplane, that featured side-by-side seating in a completely enclosed cabin. The design reflected the greater attention being paid to aerodynamics in the period, including large wheel spats for the fixed undercarriage and a Townend ring for the engine. The aircraft was of mixed-construction with a welded steel fuselage and wings with spruce spars and ribs, all covered with fabric.
Initial attempts to use Aeronca's own engines proved inadequate, and the company turned to small radial engines from other suppliers—particularly neighboring Cincinnati engine manufacturer LeBlond.
The Model L was mainly flown by private pilot owners. The plane was not a big seller. Difficulty with engine sources, and a destructive flood, in 1937, at Aeronca's factory at Cincinnati's Lunken Airport, took the energy out of the program, and Aeronca went back to high-wing light aircraft.
(With the end of sales to Aeronca, LeBlond sold their engine-manufacturing operation to an Aeronca-rival planemaker, Kansas City-based Rearwin Aircraft, who resumed production of the engines under the brand name "Ken-Royce," largely for use in Rearwin planes).
- Fitted with a 70 hp (52 kW) LeBlond 5DE engine, 9 built
- Fitted with a 85 hp (63 kW) LeBlond 5DF engine, 29 built
- Fitted with a 90 hp (67 kW) Warner Scarab Jr engine, 15 built
- Fitted with a 90 hp (67 kW) Lambert R-266 5-cyl. radial engine.
The Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum of Hood River, Oregon, has an airworthy Aeronica LC. Aeronca LB N16271 is in final stages of restoration as of Jan.,2015; Aeronca LC NC17442 (cn 2056) is also on display in the Museum.
Specifications (Model LC)
Data from EAA
- Crew: one, pilot
- Capacity: 1 passenger
- Length: 22 ft 6 in (6.9 m)
- Wingspan: 36 ft (10.9 m)
- Height: 7 ft (2.1 m)
- Wing area: 150 ft² (13.9 m²) ()
- Empty weight: 1034 lb ()
- Max. takeoff weight: 1,852 lb (850 kg)
- Powerplant: × Warner Scarab Jr piston engine, 90 hp (67 kW) each
- Harris, Richard, "Aeronca: Birth of the Personal Plane," AAHS Journal, Summer 2007, vol.52, #2, American Aviation Historical Society
- Harris, Richard, "Aeronca/Champion History: Beyond the Bathtub -- Chiefs, Champs & Citabrias," from articles first appearing in In Flight USA, 2003-2004, condensed on author's website, retrieved Jan. 31, 2016.
- "Aeronca LC". Archived from the original on 16 March 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
- "Aeronca LC". Retrieved 9 October 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aeronca LB.|
- Taylor, J. H. (ed) (1989) Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. Studio Editions: London. p. 31
- Holcomb's Aerodrome