Aesculus parviflora, the bottlebrush buckeye, is a species of suckering deciduous shrub in the Sapindaceae family. It is also called dwarf horse chestnut in recognition of its resemblance to its more famous relative A. hippocastanum. The species is native to open woodlands of the southeastern United States (primarily Alabama with additional populations in Georgia). It is apparently naturalized in scattered locations in North Carolina, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
Aesculus parviflora grows to 3–5 m tall. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, palmately compound with 5-7 leaflets, each leaflet short-stalked, 12–22 cm long and 5–10 cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are produced in conspicuous erect panicles 20–30 cm long resembling a traditional bottle brush, each flower with a tubular calyx, small white petals, and several protruding 3–4 cm long stamens.
Cultivation and uses
Aesculus parviflora is grown as an ornamental plant in gardens, where its August flowering attracts butterflies. The naturalist, explorer and plant collector William Bartram first noted this undescribed shrub on his travels through Carolina, Georgia and Florida in 1773-78. Though an old example was still to be found in Bartram's Garden, Philadelphia, in 1930, the shrub has never become common in Eastern American gardens.
Aesculus parviflora was introduced to British horticulture through the activities of John Fraser, who made his first botanizing trip through the American South in 1785. Fraser's finds were distributed among English nurserymen like Lee and Kennedy or Loddiges or to private patrons, and the shrub was "to be met with in most of our nurseries" by 1820. This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
- Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
- Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
- Noted by Alice M. Coats, Garden Shrubs and Their Histories (1964) 1992, s.v. "Aesculus"; Bartram's botanizing explorations were recorded in his Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida, the Cherokee Country, etc., 1791.
- Coats 1992.
- Quoted in Coats 1992.
- "Aesculus parviflora". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
- Pink, A. (2004). Gardening for the Million. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.
- Plants for a Future: Aesculus parviflora
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