Aesculus turbinata

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Aesculus turbinata
Aesculus turbinata 7.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Aesculus
Species: A. turbinata
Binomial name
Aesculus turbinata
Blume
Synonyms[1][2][3]
  • Aesculus turbinata f. pubescens (Rehder) Ohwi ex Yas Endo
  • Aesculus turbinata var. pubescens Rehder
  • Aesculus dissimilis Blume
  • Pawia dissimilis Kuntze
  • Pawia turbinata Kuntze

Aesculus turbinata, common name Japanese horse-chestnut (Tochinoki or Tochi (トチノキ(栃の木) or トチ(栃、橡))), is native to Japan but cultivated elsewhere. It is a tree up to 30 m tall. Flowers are white to pale yellowish with red spots. Capsules are dark brown, obovoid to pyriform.[4][1] The seeds were traditionally eaten, after leaching, by the Jōmon people of Japan over about four millennia, until 300 AD.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flora of China vol 12 page 4.
  2. ^ Tropicos Aesculus turbinata
  3. ^ Plant list Aesculus turbinata
  4. ^ Blume, Rumphia. 3: 195. 1847.
  5. ^ Harlan, Jack R. (1995). The Living Fields: Our Agricultural Heritage (1. publ. ed.). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Press. p. 15. ISBN 0-521-40112-7.Harlan cites Akazawa, T & Aikens, CM, Prehistoric Hunter-Gathers in Japan (1986), Univ. Tokyo Press; and cites Aikens, CM & Higachi, T, Prehistory of Japan (1982), NY Academic Press.