Aethionema

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Aethionema
Aethionema grandiflora0.jpg
Aethionema grandiflorum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Subfamily: Brassicoideae
Genus: Aethionema
R.Br.
Synonyms[1]
  • Acanthocardamum Thell.
  • Campyloptera Boiss.
  • Crenularia Boiss.
  • Diastrophis Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
  • Disynoma Raf.
  • Eunomia DC.
  • Iondra Raf.
  • Lipophragma Schott & Kotschy ex Boiss.

Aethionema is a genus of flowering plants within the family Brassicaceae, subfamily Brassicoideae. They are known as stonecresses. Stonecresses originate from sunny limestone mountainsides in Europe and West Asia, especially Turkey.

Etymology[edit]

The Latin name Aethionema derives from ancient Greek αἴθειν "to light up, kindle" + νῆμα "thread, yarn". The English name "stonecress" derives from its creeping habit and its favoured stony or rocky sites.[2]

Species[edit]

Species include:[1]

Cultivation[edit]

Aethionema species are cultivated in temperate areas as herbaceous perennials. They are grown for their profuse racemes of cruciform flowers in shades of red, pink or white, usually produced in spring and early summer. A favoured location is the rock garden or wall crevice. They appreciate well-drained alkaline soil conditions, but can be short-lived.[3] The hybrid cultivar 'Warley Rose' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Aethionema R.Br". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  2. ^ Shorter Oxford English dictionary, 6th ed. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804. ISBN 0199206872.
  3. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  4. ^ "Aethionema 'Warley Rose' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 25 July 2013.