Aethiops

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The term aethiops can refer to a number of different things:

  • "Aethiops", a son of the Greek god Hephaestus from whom, according to Pliny the Elder (Nat Hist. 6.184-187), Aethiopia derived its name
  • "Zeus Aethiops", an epithet of the Greek god Zeus
  • "The Aethiop", an Aesop's fable, numbered 393 in the Perry Index
  • "Aethiops", "æthiops", or "ethiops" may refer to certain dark-colored minerals:
    • "Ethiops martial", or wüstite
    • "Aethiops mineral", a form of cinnabar, also known as metacinnabarite; historically prescribed as medicine