Aetolus (son of Endymion)

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Aetolus (/ˈtləs/; Ancient Greek: Αἰτωλός Aitolos) was, in Greek mythology, a son of Endymion, great-great-grandson of Deucalion, and a Naiad nymph, or Iphianassa.[1][2]


According to Pausanias, his mother was called Asterodia, Chromia, or Hyperippe.[3] He was married to Pronoe, by whom he had two sons, Pleuron and Calydon. His brothers were Paeon, Epeius, and others.[4][5][6]


Aetolus father compelled him and his two brothers Paeon and Epeius to decide by a contest at Olympia as to which of them was to succeed him in his kingdom of Elis. Epeius gained the victory, and occupied the throne after his father, and on his demise he was succeeded by Aetolus. During the funeral games which were celebrated in honor of Azan, he ran with his chariot over Apis, the son of Jason or Salmoneus, and killed him, whereupon he was expelled by the sons of Apis. The kingdom then passed to Eleius, son of his sister Eurycyda.[2][7][8] After leaving Peloponnesus, he went to the country of the Curetes, between the Achelous and the Corinthian gulf, where he slew Dorus, Laodocus, and Polypoetes, the sons of Apollo and Phthia, and gave to the country the name of Aetolia.[2] This story is only a mythical account of the colonization of Aetolia.[9]

Genealogical tree[edit]

Dorus Aetolus Pronoe Phorbus
Xanthippe Pleuron Calydon Aeolia
Sterope Stratonice Laophonte Agenor Epicaste Cleoboea Protogeneia Ares
Euryte Porthaon Demonice Thestius Eurythemis Oxylus
Oeneus Althaea Toxeus Evippus Plexippus Eurypylus Leda
Periphas Toxeus Deianira Gorge Perimede Phoenix Oecles Hypermnestra
Clymenus Melanippe Thoas Astypalaea Poseidon Polyboea Iphianeira Amphiaraus
Mothone Agelaus Ancaeus Eurypylus Clytie
Thyreus Eurymede Heracles Chalciope
Meleager Thessalus


  1. ^ Smith, William (1870), "Aetolus (1)", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, Boston, p. 54 
  2. ^ a b c Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus) i. 7. § 6
  3. ^ Pausanias, 5. 1. § 4
  4. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v.
  5. ^ Conon, Narrations 14.
  6. ^ Scholia on Pindar, Olympian Ode 1. 28
  7. ^ Pausanias, 5. 1. § 8
  8. ^ Strabo, Geography, 8. 3. 33
  9. ^ Strabo, Geography, 10. 2 ff