Patrimony of affectation
In certain civil law jurisdictions (e.g., France, Quebec, Mexico, etc.), the patrimony of affectation is a patrimony, or legal estate, that can be divided for a fiduciary purpose, as being distinct from a person's general patrimony. It is similar in some respects to the way under common law property is held, managed, or invested in trust by a trustee for the benefit of third parties (beneficiaries). The affected property remains outside the grantor's patrimony; therefore, even if the grantor goes bankrupt, becomes insolvent, or incurs liabilities, the property remains untouchable and may continue to benefit the intended beneficiaries.
Originally proposed as a way of explaining the common law trust, the concept was first put forward by the French jurist Pierre Lepaulle who based it on the German Zweckvermögen.
- Pierre Lepaulle, Traité théorique et pratique des trusts en interne, en droit fiscale international (Paris: Rousseau et Cie, 1932).
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