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The affective spectrum is a spectrum of affective disorders (mood disorders). It is a grouping of related psychiatric and medical disorders which may accompany bipolar, unipolar, and schizoaffective disorders at statistically higher rates than would normally be expected. These disorders are identified by a common positive response to the same types of pharmacologic treatments. They also aggregate strongly in families and may therefore share common heritable underlying physiologic anomalies.
Affective spectrum disorders include:
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Bipolar disorder
- Body dysmorphic disorder
- Bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders
- Generalized anxiety disorder
- Impulse-control disorders
- Major depressive disorder
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Oppositional defiant disorder
- Panic disorder
- Posttraumatic stress disorder
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
- Social anxiety disorder
The following may also be present as co-morbidities for affective mood disorders
- Chronic pain
- Intermittent explosive disorder
- Pathological gambling
- Personality disorder
- Substance abuse and addiction (includes alcoholism)
- Irritable bowel syndrome
Many of the terms above overlap. The American Psychiatric Association's definitions of these terms can be found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
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