|Motet by Anton Bruckner|
Draft of Afferentur regi, page 1
|Dedication||Johann Baptist Burgstaller (1885)|
|Performed||31 December 1861 St. Florian Abbey:|
|Instrumental||3 trombones ad lib.|
Afferentur regi is the second of the two "great motets" during a "fruitful though brief" period of Bruckner's compositional career following Sechter's tuition, the other motet being the Ave Maria WAB 6. Afferentur regi was premiered in St. Florian Abbey on the feast day of Saint Lucy, 13 December 1861.
An early draft for choir alone was found in a monastic archive at Kremsmünster Abbey. The original manuscript is not extant, but several transcriptions were found in the archive of St. Florian Abbey. Many years later, in 1885, Bruckner dedicated the work as an Offertorium als Graduale (offertory as gradual) to Johann Baptist Burgstaller, choir director of the New Cathedral in Linz.
Adducentur regi virgines post eam;
She is led to the king,
The 38-bars piece scored in F major for mixed choir and three trombones ad libitum is a polyphonic offertory. The piece is in ternary form, with an opening motive drawn from a pre-existing Latin plainchant. In the first part (bars 1-7), "Afferentur regi" is sung in canon by the alto and tenor voices, and with inverted motif by the bass and soprano voices. A similar pattern is repeated in bars 8-15 on "proximae ejus". The middle section (bars 15-24), which begins with "et exultatione" by the bass, similarly as "usque in aeternum" in bars 299-309 of Bruckner's later Te Deum, is stylistically similar to faux bourdon, a technique employed primarily in medieval and Renaissance music. It is followed by a general pause. The third part (bars 25-38) on "adducentur in templum" begins as the first part and ends on a pedal point on the tonic.
Keith W. Kinder suggests that its use of counterpoint may be a reflection of Bruckner's sense of liberation from the "prohibition on free composition" imposed by his former composition teacher, Simon Sechter. Dermot Gault notes that in this work Bruckner "wears his learning lightly" in the contrapuntal writing.
Bruckner's Afferentur regi was recorded at first in 1965 by Giulio Bertola with the Coro Polifonico Italiano a cappella (LP: Angelicum LPA 5989)
A selection of the about 30 recordings:
- Simon Halsey, City of Birmingham Symphony Wind Ensemble & Chorus, Bruckner: Mass in E minor & Motets – Conifer CDCF 192, 1990
- Hans-Christoph Rademann, NDR Chor Hamburg, Anton Bruckner: Ave Maria – Carus 83.151, 2000
- Dan-Olof Stenlund, Malmö Chamber Choir, Ausgewählte Werke. MKKCD 051, 2004
- Michael Stenov, Cantores Carmeli, Benefizkonzert Karmelitenkirche Linz – CD/DVD issued by the choir, 2006, and on YouTube.
- Duncan Ferguson, Choir of St. Mary's Cathedral of Edinburgh, Bruckner: Motets – CD: Delphian Records DCD34071, 2010
- van Zwol, Cornelis (2012). Anton Bruckner – Leven en Werken. Thot. pp. 704–705. ISBN 90-686-8590-2.
- Howie, Crawford; Hawkshaw, Paul; Jackson, Timothy (eds) (2000). Perspectives on Anton Bruckner. Ashgate Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-7546-0110-4.
- Kinder, Keith William (2000). The Wind and Wind-Chorus Music of Anton Bruckner. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 41–43.
- Gesamtausgabe – Kleine Kirchenmusikwerke
- Afferentur regi on ChoralWiki
- M. Auer, pp. 64-65
- Gault, Dermot. The New Bruckner. Ashgate. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-4094-9421-8.
- Bruckner, Anton (composer); Stenov, Michael (conductor) (2006-11-26). Motette "Afferentur regi" à 4 voces und 3 Posaunen (Online video). YouTube. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
- Max Auer, Anton Bruckner als Kirchenmusiker, G. Bosse, Regensburg, 1927
- Anton Bruckner – Sämtliche Werke, Band XXI: Kleine Kirchenmusikwerke, Musikwissenschaftlicher Verlag der Internationalen Bruckner-Gesellschaft, Hans Bauernfeind and Leopold Nowak (Editor), Vienna, 1984/2001
- Cornelis van Zwol, Anton Bruckner 1824–1896 – Leven en werken, uitg. Thoth, Bussum, Netherlands, 2012. ISBN 978-90-6868-590-9
- Afferentur regi, WAB 1: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Free scores for Afferentur regi in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
- Afferentur regi F-Dur, WAB 1 Critical discography by Hans Roelofs (in German)
- Can be heard on YouTube:
- A live performance by Johannes Kleinjung with the Universitätschor, München (2011): Afferentur regi
- A live performance by Gilles Michels with the Student Choir of Utrecht (24 June 2017): Afferentur regi – Bruckner | USKO
- A live performance by Andrew Lewis with the Elgin Master Chorale (26 February 2018): Bruckner - Afferentur regi, WAB 1