Affirmations (New Age)
Affirmations in New Thought and New Age terminology refer primarily to the practice of positive thinking and self-empowerment—fostering a belief that "a positive mental attitude supported by affirmations will achieve success in anything." More specifically, an affirmation is a carefully formatted statement that should be repeated to one's self and written down frequently. For affirmations to be effective, it is said that they need to be present tense, positive, personal and specific.
The New Thought movement is not part of New Age but does share certain practices. This concept has grown popular due to Rhonda Byrne's The Secret (also a 2006 film) These books and teachers express similar ideas to Napoleon Hill's book Think and Grow Rich. Byrne was inspired in particular by Wallace D. Wattles' 1910 book The Science of Getting Rich. Affirmations are also referred to in Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP), Neuro Associative Conditioning "NAC" as popularized by Anthony Robbins, and hypnosis.
A related belief is that a certain critical mass of people with a highly spiritual consciousness will bring about a sudden change in the whole population. And that humans have a responsibility to take part in positive creative activity and to work to heal ourselves, each other and the Earth.
In 1984 Louise Hay a Religious Science Practitioner published You Can Heal Your Life, a guide to changing thoughts and beliefs. Hay's affirmations are designed to help the user re-program their thought patterns, the intention being that harmful underlying beliefs which Hay believes psychologically support illness will be replaced with healing beliefs, and thus remove a barrier to healing.
New-Age affirmations come in different forms:
- spiritual talks
- affirmative images,
- affirmative words
- affirmative videos
- mantra chants
Proponents of New-Age affirmations say that with our thoughts, desires and emotions, we create our world.
- visualisation of the affirmation in one's life
- feeling the affirmation in one's physiology
- vocalizing the affirmation in a way that one is already congruent with that affirmation.
According to Rhonda Britten, affirmations work best when combined with acknowledgements because the acknowledgements build up a backlog of results in one's mind to prove that one can do what one is affirming. For example, the acknowledgement "I bought a good pair of sneakers and some gym clothes" could complement the affirmation "I can reach my goal of losing 20 pounds." The goal is to focus on steps one has taken toward accomplishing one's goals rather than criticizing oneself for what one has not yet accomplished, or could theoretically have accomplished but did not.
A 2009 study found that present tense positive affirmation had a positive effect on people with high self-esteem, but a detrimental effect on those with low self esteem. Individuals with low self-esteem who made present tense (e.g. "I am") positive affirmations felt worse than individuals who made positive statements but were allowed to consider ways in which the statements were false. Individuals with low self-esteem who made future tense affirmations (e.g. "I will") saw positive effects.
An fMRI study in 2016 demonstrated the role of two reward and valuation brain regions (ventral striatum and ventromedial prefrontal cortex) as primary pathways associated with self-affirmation. Self-related processing and prospection associated regions in the brain were further associated with objectively measured positive behavioral changes following future-oriented self-affirmations.
- Affirmative prayer
- Autogenic training
- Cosmic ordering
- Creative visualization
- Law of Attraction
- Supercharged Affirmations The Salem New Age Center, Salem Massachusetts USA . Accessed August 2007.
- Affirmation Class May 2007.
- Carroll, Robert Todd (2005). "The Hundredth Monkey Phenomenon". Skeptic's Dictionary. Archived from the original on 3 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
- Accepting Total and Complete Responsibility: New Age NeoFeminist Violence against Sethna Feminism Psychology.1992; 2: pages 113–119
- Hay, Louise (1984). You Can Heal Your Life. Carlsbad, California: Hay House Inc. p. 251. ISBN 978-0-937611-01-2.
- The Law of Attraction: The Basics of the Teachings of Abraham, by (Spirit) Abraham, Abraham, Esther Hicks, Jerry Hicks, published by Hay House, 2006,ISBN 1-4019-1227-3, ISBN 978-1-4019-1227-7
- Various forms of New Age Affirmations Everyday Affirmations Organisation. Accessed February 2013.
- https://www.amazon.com/Affirmations-Visualizations-The-Ultimate-Secret-ebook/dp/B008EDNAP2 Affirmations and Visualizations: The Ultimate Secret by Sakshi Chetana, Inner Light Publishers, 2012, ISBK 978-938-2123-15-6.
- "Top 100 Positive Affirmations for 2017 - the Start of Happiness".
- Britten, Rhonda. "No Beating Yourself Up". Fearless Living. p. 232.
- Wood, Joanne V.; Perunovic, W. Q. Elaine; Lee, John W. (July 2009). "Positive self-statements: power for some, peril for others". Psychological Science. 20 (7): 860–866. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02370.x. ISSN 1467-9280. PMID 19493324. S2CID 21061560.
- Cohen, Geoffrey L.; Sherman, David K. (2014). "The psychology of change: self-affirmation and social psychological intervention". Annual Review of Psychology. 65: 333–371. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-010213-115137. ISSN 1545-2085. PMID 24405362. S2CID 12866525.
- Cascio, C. N.; O'Donnell, M. B.; Tinney, F. J.; Lieberman, M. D.; Taylor, S. E.; Strecher, V. J.; Falk, E. B. (2016). "Self-affirmation activates brain systems associated with self-related processing and reward and is reinforced by future orientation". Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 11 (4): 621–629. doi:10.1093/scan/nsv136. PMC 4814782. PMID 26541373.