Afghan Independence Day

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Afghan Victory Day

  • د افغانستان د ملاتر ورځ
    Da Afġānistān da Mlatar Wraź  (Pashto)

  • روز پیروزی افغانستان
    Roz-e Peroz-e Afġānestān  (Dari)
2011 Afghan Independence Day.jpg
President Hamid Karzai observing the honor guard of the Afghan Armed Forces during the 2011 Afghan Independence Day in Kabul.
Observed by Afghanistan
Significance Marks Afghanistan's regaining of full independence from British influence in 1919.
Date 19 August
Next time 19 August 2017 (2017-08-19)
Frequency annual

Afghan Independence Day is celebrated in Afghanistan on 19 August to commemorate the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919.[1] The treaty granted a complete neutral relation between Afghanistan and Britain. Although Afghanistan was never part of the British Empire, the British fought three wars with Afghanistan.

The First Anglo-Afghan War (1839–1842) led to the defeat of the entire British-led Indian invaders by Afghan forces under Akbar Khan somewhere at the Kabul-Jalalabad Road, near the city of Jalalabad.[2] After this defeat, the British-led forces returned to Afghanistan on a special mission to rescue their prisoners of war (POWs) but quickly made a complete withdrawal.

The Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878–80) first led to the British defeat followed by their victory at the Battle of Kandahar, which led to Abdur Rahman Khan becoming the new emir and the start of friendly British-Afghan relations. The British were given control of Afghanistan's foreign affairs in exchange for protection against the Russians and Persians. The Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919 led the British to give up control of Afghanistan's foreign affairs finally in 1921.

See also[edit]