Afghan Independence Day
|Afghan Victory Day|
|Significance||Marks Afghanistan's regaining of full independence from British influence in 1919.|
|Next time||19 August 2018|
Afghan Independence Day is celebrated in Afghanistan on 19 August to commemorate the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 and relinquishment from protected state status. The treaty granted a complete neutral relation between Afghanistan and Britain. Afghanistan became a British protectorate after they made negotiations in the Second Anglo-Afghan War although Afghanistan had planned not to follow this protectorate in that time.
The First Anglo-Afghan War (1839–1842) led to the British force taking and occupying Kabul. After this, due to strategic errors by Elphinstone, the entire British-led Indian invasion force was defeated by Afghan forces under Akbar Khan somewhere at the Kabul-Jalalabad Road, near the city of Jalalabad. After this defeat, the British-led forces returned to Afghanistan on a special mission to rescue their prisoners of war (POWs) and afterward withdrew until coming back in order to commence the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
The Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878–80) first led to the British defeat followed by their victory at the Battle of Kandahar, which led to Abdur Rahman Khan becoming the new emir and the start of friendly British-Afghan relations. The British were told they would be given control of Afghanistan's foreign affairs (Afghanistan didn’t let them have that control even when the deal was made) in exchange for protection against the Russians and Persians, large sums of money and complete withdrawal of British forces from Afghanistan. The Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919 led the British to give up control of Afghanistan's foreign affairs finally in 1921.
- "The World Factbook: Afghanistan". Central Intelligence Agency. 2009-09-07. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- Onley, James. (2007), "The Arabian Frontier of the British Raj: Merchants, Rulers, and the British in the Nineteenth-Century Gulf" Oxford University Press. p. 24 
- "War-battered Afghanistan celebrates independence day". Associated Press. 2000-09-18. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
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