Afghan clothing styles reflect that Afghanistan is home to various ethnicities including the Tajiks, Pashtun, Hazara, Uzbek and smaller populations of Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashayi, Nuristani, Arab, Brahui, Pamiri, and Gurjar. They have their own particular traditions.
Generally, traditional women's dresses in Afghanistan are made from light linens and are loose fitting for ease of movement. They come in many colors and have stitching for details. One unique style of casual women's dress is the Kandahari doozi embroidery stitching of the city of Kandahar. This is stitching very intricately in the linens in different shapes and patterns using very thin threads. The more intricate the design, the more pricey the garment.
More elaborate and fancier dresses are detailed with gold threading (Zardozi), gold beads, and come in many different colors on silk fabrics. These dresses are usually worn to special occasions and weddings.
As a chiefly rural and nomadic population, the Pashtun dress of Afghanistan and Pakistan is typically made from light linens, and are loose fitting for ease of movement. The Pashtun dress includes local forms of the shalwar kameez, which are differently made for males and females.
The traditional male dress includes the Khet partug and Perahan wa tunban. Males usually wear kufi, Peshawari cap, turban, sindhi cap or pakul as traditional headgear. Pashtun leaders sometimes wear a karakul hat, like President Hamid Karzai and former monarchs of Afghanistan.
The traditional female dress is the Firaq partūg. Women wear solid-colored trousers, a long kamīs shirt with a belt. Sometimes they will wear an encompassing burqa over this outfit or a tsādar on their head.
More elaborate and fancier dresses are detailed with gold threading, gold beads, and come in many different colors on silk fabrics. These dresses are usually worn to special occasions and weddings.
Many of the co-ethnic groups who live alongside the Pasthuns in Afghanistan, Pakistan have also adopted the dress because of comfort or popular culture. The Pashtun dress is the most popular of the Afghan clothing, in particular the female dress which is known as Gand-e-Afghani.
Gallery Khet partug
Gallery Firaq partug
Afghan School children in Kabul
2010 Children's Day in Afghanistan
Afghan kids wearing traditional clothes in Kabul
2009 Herat Afghanistan women wearing chador
Gallery perahan tunban
Men wearing perahan tunban in the southern city of Kandahar
- Peshawari chappal, a type of Pashtun footwear mostly worn in the Peshawar region
- Pashtun culture
- Shalwar Kameez
- Khet partug
- Peshawari Pagri
- Perahan tunban
- Firaq partug
- 1970s in Afghan fashion
- 2000s in Afghan fashion
- 2010s in Afghan fashion