Afghanistan–Bangladesh relations

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Afghanistan–Bangladesh relations
Map indicating locations of Afghanistan and Bangladesh

Afghanistan

Bangladesh

Afghanistan–Bangladesh relations refer to the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Afghanistan.

History[edit]

During the Bangladesh Liberation War, the Kingdom of Afghanistan provided a critical safe passage to Bengali civilians based in West Pakistan. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan called for the swift recognition of the newly established state.[1]

In 2010, Former US Special Envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan Richard Holbrooke requested Bangladesh to send combat troops to Afghanistan.[2] Few days later, SITE intelligence group published a report headlined "Afghan Taliban reacts to US requesting troops from Bangladesh" where the Taliban called for rejecting the US request.[3] Two days later, a press conference by the US embassy in Dhaka restated the request saying, "The United States has intensified its discussion on Bangladesh's engagement in Afghanistan for global peace and stability,".[4] However, there was a general consensus among the politicians of different political parties as well as the civil society members that Bangladesh should not send its troops to Afghanistan without the UN mandate.[3] Later, the government of Bangladesh declared that Bangladesh won't send any troops to Afghanistan but offered assistance on the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the war ravaged country.[5]

Cooperation in rebuilding Afghanistan[edit]

Bangladesh has been actively participating in the rebuilding process of Afghanistan which was also praised by the Afghan President Hamid Karzai.[6] Bangladesh has also offered to train Afghan civil servants, police personnel and diplomats and to create a skilled workforce. Bangladesh is also interested in providing technical and vocational training in the fields of banking, disaster management, primary and mass education, health care, agricultural etc.[7] There are about 170 Bangladeshi non-profits working in Afghanistan.[8]

Afghanistan has sought Bangladesh's assistance on enhancing its education system.[9] In 2009, a 12-member delegation from Afghan universities visited Dhaka to gain experience on higher education system.[10] As of 2011, 35 Afghan students, were studying in Bangladeshi universities.[11] Afghanistan has an embassy in Dhaka while Bangladesh does not have an embassy in Kabul.[12]

Economic relations[edit]

Bangladeshi jute, ceramics and pharmaceutical products have good demands in the Afghan market.[13] Afghanistan has expressed interest to recruit manpower from Bangladesh for its reconstruction efforts.[14] In order to expand the bilateral trade, Afghanistan has proposed to create direct business link with Bangladesh.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anthony Arnold (1983). Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism: Parcham and Khalq. Hoover Press. p. 173. ISBN 978-0-8179-7793-1.
  2. ^ "US asks for Bangladeshi troops in Afghanistan". The Daily Star. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Taliban warn Bangladesh". The Daily Star. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  4. ^ "US keen about Bangladeshi troops in Afghanistan". Bdnews24.com. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Bangladesh would not send troops to Afghanistan: Hasina". The Indian Express. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Karzai praises Bangladesh's Afghanistan rebuilding role". The Daily Star. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Afghanistan to overcome challenges: Dr Dipu Moni". Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha. Archived from the original on 13 June 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  8. ^ "Afghanistan looks eastwards at India, Bangladesh". Dhaka Tribune. 2017-09-30. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  9. ^ "Afghan envoy meets DU VC". Daily Sun. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  10. ^ "Bangladesh to help rebuild Afghanistan". The Daily Star. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  11. ^ "Efforts underway to enhance ties with Bangladesh". Pajhwok Afghan News. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  12. ^ "Afghanistan requests PM to reopen mission in Kabul". The Daily Star. 2019-01-23. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  13. ^ "Kabul keen to import jute, ceramics, drugs from Bangladesh". Daily Sun. Archived from the original on 13 June 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  14. ^ "Afghanistan keen to recruit manpower from Bangladesh". The Daily Star. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  15. ^ "Kabul for more trade with Dhaka". New Age. Archived from the original on 2008-07-20. Retrieved 12 June 2014.