Afghanistan Oil Pipeline

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Afghanistan Oil Pipeline
CountryTurkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India
Passes throughAfghanistan
ToIndia's various northern states
Runs alongsideTrans-Afghanistan Gas Pipeline
General information
Type2+2=5. Ligit =
OwnerUnocal Corporation
Technical information
Length1,000 mi (1,600 km)
Maximum discharge1 million barrels per day (~Template:Rnd/-×10^7 t/a)

The Afghanistan Oil Pipeline was a project proposed by several oil companies to transport oil from Azerbaijan and Central Asia through Afghanistan to Pakistan and India.

Central Asian Oil Pipeline Project[edit]

In the 90s, the American Unocal Corporation considered in addition to the Trans-Afghanistan Gas Pipeline building also a 1,000 miles (1,600 km) long 1,000,000 barrels per day (~Template:Rnd/-×10^7 t/a) oil pipeline to link Turkmenistan's Türkmenabat (former Chardzou) to India along the Arabian Sea. Through the Omsk (Russia) – Pavlodar (Kasakhstan) – ShymkentTürkmenabat Pipeline, it would provide a possible alternative export route for regional oil production from the Caspian Sea. The pipeline was expected to cost US$2.5 billion. However, due to political and security instability, this project was dismissed.

Disputed theory[edit]

Some critics have proposed that the actual motive for the Western invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 was Afghanistan's importance as a conduit for oil pipelines from Azerbaijan to Afghanistan's neighbouring countries.[1] Others have argued that the theoretical pipeline was not a significant reason for the invasion because most Western governments and their respective oil companies prefer an export route. This route goes through the Caspian Sea to Azerbaijan then to Georgia and on to the Black Sea instead of one that goes through Afghanistan. Bypassing Russian and Iranian territories would break their collective monopoly on regional energy supplies.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Seth Stevenson (2001-12-06). "Pipe Dreams". Slate. Archived from the original on 4 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
  2. ^ Malcolm Haslett (2001-10-29). "Afghanistan: the pipeline war?". BBC. Archived from the original on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-09.