In 2009, the German government estatimated the number of people of Afghan descent residing in Germany at 126,334. Of those, 49,081 were only holding an Afghan passport, while 77,253 were holding a German passport.
This makes Germany's Afghan community one of the largest in Europe. In particular, there are about 22,000 Afghans in Hamburg.
The Afghan community in Germany is heterogeneous with various political views, as they are in Afghanistan (see Demography of Afghanistan). Though with the NATO involvement in Afghanistan, the community has come closer together due to shared hopes and worries; however, there are relatively few representative associations or organizations.