Afghans in Germany

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Afghans in Germany
Total population
(about 125,000)
Regions with significant populations
Hamburg, Northrhine-Westphalia (Essen), Hessen (Frankfurt), Bayern (Munich), Lower Saxony (Hanover)
Dari (Persian)
Pashto [1]
Sunni Islam [2]Hinduism[3]

In 2009, the German government estatimated the number of people of Afghan descent residing in Germany at 126,334. Of those, 49,081 were only holding an Afghan passport, while 77,253 were holding a German passport.[4]

This makes Germany's Afghan community one of the largest in Europe.[5] In particular, there are about 22,000 Afghans in Hamburg.

The Afghan community in Germany is heterogeneous with various political views, as they are in Afghanistan (see Demography of Afghanistan). Though with the NATO involvement in Afghanistan, the community has come closer together due to shared hopes and worries; however, there are relatively few representative associations or organizations.

The community is currently undergoing rapid expansion due to the European migrant crisis.


Most Germans having Afghan heritage are Sunni Muslims. There is also a small population of Afghan Hindus in Hamburg.[6]


  1. ^ Feldmann et al. 2007, p. 517
  2. ^ Feldmann et al. 2007, p. 518
  3. ^
  4. ^ Bundesamt für Flüchtlinge und Migration, Dr. habil. Sonja Haug Stephanie Müssig, M.A. Dr. Anja Stichs (Hrsg): Muslimisches Leben in Deutschland, 2009: page 76, chart 5
  5. ^ Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development - Afghanistan
  6. ^

See also[edit]