Afghans in Germany

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Afghans in Germany
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Hamburg, Northrhine-Westphalia (Essen), Hessen (Frankfurt), Bayern (Munich), Lower Saxony (Hanover)
Pashto, Dari (Afghan Persian), German
majority Islam
with minorities of Hinduism, Sikhism, Christianity, Judaism and Irreligion

Afghans in Germany are the largest Afghan community in Europe and part of the Afghan diaspora. In 2015, the Federal Statistical Office of Germany estimated the number of people of Afghan descent residing in Germany at 156,000.[1] In particular, there are 35,805 Afghans in Hamburg.[2] Offenbach am Main and Hamburg had the highest shares of Afghan migrants among all German districts in 2011. [3]

The Afghan community in Germany is heterogeneous with various political views, as they are in Afghanistan (see Demography of Afghanistan). Though with the NATO involvement in Afghanistan, the community has come closer together due to shared hopes and worries; however, there are relatively few representative associations or organizations.

The community is currently undergoing rapid expansion due to the European migrant crisis.


Around 250,000 Afghans are living in Germany.[4] In late December 2016, Germany decided to repatriate 11,900 Afghans back to their home country, what is known as Second collective deportation.[5]


Most Germans with Afghan heritage are Sunni Muslims, with some Shia minority. There is also a small population of Afghan Hindus, Sikhs, Christians, Jews and nonreligious in Germany.


See also[edit]