Afik

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Not to be confused with Afek, Israel.
For the village in Iran, see Afik, Iran.
Afik
אֲפִיק
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • official Afiq
AFik3011.JPG
Afik is located in the Golan Heights
Afik
Afik
Coordinates: 32°46′47″N 35°42′05″E / 32.77972°N 35.70139°E / 32.77972; 35.70139Coordinates: 32°46′47″N 35°42′05″E / 32.77972°N 35.70139°E / 32.77972; 35.70139
Council Golan Regional Council
Region Golan Heights
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1972[2]
Population (2015) 277[1]
Name meaning lit. channel, riverbed, derives from the Arab name Fiq and the ancient Biblical city Afeq.[3]

Afik (Hebrew: אֲפִיק‎) is an Israeli settlement and a kibbutz established in 1972.[4] It was the first Jewish locale established in the Golan Heights after the Six-Day War. In 2015 it had a population of 277.[1]

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the Golan Heights illegal under international law, while the Israeli government disputes this.[5]

History[edit]

Afik vacation apartments

There are multiple locations called Aphek in the Bible and the location of the kibbutz is believed to be adjacent to the ruins of the ancient Aphek mentioned in the Books of Kings(1 Kings 20:26) which tells how King Ahab of Israel defeated Ben-Hadad I of Damascus [6] and the prophet Elisha foretold that King Jehoash of Israel would defeat Ben-Hadad III of Damascus.[7][8]

Kibbutz Afik, affiliated with Ihud HaKvutzot VeHaKibbutzim, was established near the site of the abandoned Syrian village Fiq on 8 May 1972.[9][10][11] It falls under the municipal jurisdiction of the Golan Regional Council, and the Fik Airfield is located nearby.

Economy[edit]

Economic branches include agriculture (seasonal vegetables, pulses, and fruit orchards), dairy cattle and chicken coops. The kibbutz also operates several factories in partnership with Yifat such as Afic Printing Solutions, which produces toners and ink cartridges. Afik shares ownership of Hamat Gader, a hot mineral springs health resort, with three other kibbutzim. Another source of employment is the Orhan Afik guesthouse.[12]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ A Nahal settlement by the name Afiq was established some 4 km to the N East in 1967. Kibbutz Afiq was established as a civilian locality in its current place in 1972, but it is still listed on the Israeli records as a 1967-established locality.
  3. ^ Website of Golan Regional Council, 10 March 2008 (in Hebrew)
  4. ^ Future Of Golan Heights Has Israelis Living There Split, Too Some Would Give It Up For Peace With Syria. Others Say Never.
  5. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC. 10 December 2009. 
  6. ^ 1 Kings 20, accessed December 21, 2009
  7. ^ "The Golan Heights: Geography, Geology and History". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  8. ^ Pinchas Neman (1966). אפק. אנציקלופדיה גיאוגרפית מקראית (Biblical Geographic Encyclopedia) (in Hebrew). Yavne Publishing. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  9. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica: events of 1972-1981, p. 357, Encyclopaedia Judaica, 1982, accessed December 21, 2009
  10. ^ "The colonization of the West Bank territories by Israel : hearings before the Subcommittee on Immigration and Naturalization of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session on the question of West Bank settlements and the treatment of Arabs in the Israeli-occupied territories" (PDF). U.S. Government. 1977. p. 59. 3. Afik: this was the first settlement established in the Golan Heights after the June 1967 war, under the name of Nahal Golan, on the site of the Arab village of Fiek. In January 1968 it was enlarged and renamed Afik. The area of the settlement is 4,500 dunums, and it is affiliated with the Labor Party. 
  11. ^ אפיק (in Hebrew). Golan Residence Association. Archived from the original on 19 December 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  12. ^ Nefesh b'Nefesh: Kibbutz Afik