|Other names||4-Hydroxytamoxifen; 4-OHT; 4-HT; OHTAM|
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||387.523 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Afimoxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) of the triphenylethylene group and the major active metabolite of tamoxifen. The drug is under development under the tentative brand name TamoGel as a topical gel for the treatment of hyperplasia of the breast. It has completed a phase II clinical trial for cyclical mastalgia, but further studies are required before afimoxifene can be approved for this indication and marketed.
Afimoxifene is a SERM and hence acts as a tissue-selective agonist–antagonist of the estrogen receptors ERα and ERβ with mixed estrogenic and antiestrogenic activity depending on the tissue. It is also an agonist of the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) with relatively low affinity (100–1,000 nM, relative to 3–6 nM for estradiol). In addition to its estrogenic and antiestrogenic activity, afimoxifene has been found to act as an antagonist of the estrogen-related receptors (ERRs) ERRβ and ERRγ.
- List of investigational hormonal agents § Estrogenics
- List of selective estrogen receptor modulators
- Desta Z, Ward BA, Soukhova NV, Flockhart DA (2004). "Comprehensive evaluation of tamoxifen sequential biotransformation by the human cytochrome P450 system in vitro: prominent roles for CYP3A and CYP2D6". J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 310 (3): 1062–1075. doi:10.1124/jpet.104.065607. PMID 15159443.
- "Statement on a nonproprietary name adopted by the USAN council: Afimoxifene" (PDF). American Medical Association. Retrieved 2008-03-26.
- Ismail Jatoi; Achim Rody (16 November 2016). Management of Breast Diseases. Springer. pp. 77–. ISBN 978-3-319-46356-8.
- Mansel R, Goyal A, Nestour EL, Masini-Etévé V, O'Connell K (2007). "A phase II trial of Afimoxifene (4-hydroxytamoxifen gel) for cyclical mastalgia in premenopausal women". Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 106 (3): 389–397. doi:10.1007/s10549-007-9507-x. PMID 17351746.
- Prossnitz ER, Arterburn JB (July 2015). "International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. XCVII. G Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor and Its Pharmacologic Modulators". Pharmacol. Rev. 67 (3): 505–40. doi:10.1124/pr.114.009712. PMC 4485017. PMID 26023144.
- Alice C. Levine (3 October 2011). Hormones and Cancer: Breast and Prostate, An Issue of Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 271–. ISBN 978-1-4557-1239-7.
- Sushil K. Khetan (23 May 2014). Endocrine Disruptors in the Environment. Wiley. pp. 104–. ISBN 978-1-118-89115-5.
- 4-hydroxytamoxifen at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- Afimoxifene - AdisInsight
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