Afobaka Dam

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Afobaka Dam
Brokopondo 20160927 Afobakadam 1.jpg
Hydroelectric power station at base of dam
Afobaka Dam is located in Suriname
Afobaka Dam
Location of Afobaka Dam in Suriname
CountrySuriname
LocationAfobaka, Brokopondo District
Coordinates4°58′56.07″N 54°59′32.10″W / 4.9822417°N 54.9922500°W / 4.9822417; -54.9922500Coordinates: 4°58′56.07″N 54°59′32.10″W / 4.9822417°N 54.9922500°W / 4.9822417; -54.9922500
PurposePower
StatusOperational
Construction began1961
Opening date1964; 55 years ago (1964)
Dam and spillways
Type of damEmbankment with gravity dam main section
Height54 m (177 ft)
Length1,913 m (6,276 ft)
Reservoir
CreatesBrokopondo Reservoir
Total capacity20,000,000,000 m3 (16,000,000 acre⋅ft)
Catchment area12,200 km2 (4,700 sq mi)
Surface area1,560 km2 (600 sq mi)
Brokopondo Krachtcentrale
Operator(s)Suriname Aluminum Company LLC
Commission date1965
Turbines6 x 30 MW Kaplan-type
Installed capacity180 MW

The Afobaka Dam is an embankment dam with a main gravity dam section on the Suriname River near Afobaka in Brokopondo District of Suriname. The primary purpose of the dam is to generate hydroelectric power and it supports a 180 MW power station. In 1958, Suriname Aluminum Company LLC (Suralco [nl]), a subsidiary of Alcoa, gained an agreement with the Suriname government to build the dam to power an aluminium smelter.[1] Construction began in 1961 and it was completed in 1964. About 75% of power generated is used for processing aluminum, the rest is used in Paramaribo downstream. The power station was operational in 1965 but the very large reservoir, Brokopondo Reservoir, was not completely filled until 1971. Greenhouse gases emitted from the reservoir resulted in poor water quality for decades. Highly acidic water also damaged the power station's turbines.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alcoa in Suriname". Alcoa. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
  2. ^ "ydroelectric Plants in French Guiana & Suriname". IndustCards. Retrieved 31 March 2014.