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Native name: Agw’aneq
Alaska 2007 056.jpg
Sea Lions off the coast of Afognak Island near Kodiak Alaska
Afognak is located in Alaska
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 58°15′00″N 152°30′00″W / 58.25000°N 152.50000°W / 58.25000; -152.50000
Archipelago Kodiak Archipelago
Area 699.84 sq mi (1,812.6 km2)
Length 43 mi (69 km)
Width 23 mi (37 km)
Highest elevation 2,546 ft (776 m)
Highest point unnamed
United States
State Alaska
Borough Kodiak Island
Largest settlement Aleneva (pop. 68)
Population 169 (2000)
Pop. density 0.09 /km2 (0.23 /sq mi)

Afognak (Alutiiq: Agw’aneq;[1] Russian: Афогнакъ)[2] is an island 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Kodiak Island in the U.S. state of Alaska. It is 43 miles from east to west and 23 miles from north to south and has a land area of 1,812.58 km2 (699.84 sq mi), making it the 18th largest island in the United States. The coast is split by many long, narrow bays. The highest point is 2,546 feet.

The dense spruce forests of Afognak are home to brown bears, Roosevelt elk and Sitka black-tailed deer. Many people visit the island recreationally for hunting and fishing.


Afognak coastline at Kazakof Bay

The United States Census of 1890 noted a series of settlements along the beachline near the Alutiiq village of Ag’waneq (also called Afognak), including Rutkovsky village, inhabited by a group of retired employees of the Russian-American Company.

Ag’waneq was abandoned after the 1964 Good Friday earthquake devastated the island. The descendants of the Native inhabitants of the island are officially recognized as the Native Village of Afognak. Most of them now live in Port Lions or Kodiak.

In the early 21st century, there are a few small logging camps and fishing lodges on the island. A community of Russian Old Believers live at Aleneva. The economy is based on subsistence and logging. Transportation is provided by float plane from Kodiak to various areas around the island. The 2000 census reported a population of 169 persons.


Fog moving in on Afognak Island at midnight in July 2009.
Creek flowing out of lower Malina Lake

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Coordinates: 58°15′00″N 152°30′00″W / 58.25000°N 152.50000°W / 58.25000; -152.50000