Afon Dwyfor

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Afon Dwyfor
Afon Dwyfor - geograph.org.uk - 90520.jpg
The Afon Dwyfor as it leaves Cwm Pennant
Location
CountryUnited Kingdom, Wales
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationCwm Dwyfor, Eifionydd Hills
 • coordinates53°01′13″N 4°10′41″W / 53.0204°N 4.1780°W / 53.0204; -4.1780
 • elevation460 ft (140 m)
Mouth 
 • location
Tremadog Bay, Cardigan Bay
 • coordinates
52°54′38″N 4°15′38″W / 52.9105°N 4.2606°W / 52.9105; -4.2606
 • elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Length12.5 mi (20.1 km)

The Afon Dwyfor is a river in Gwynedd, north-west Wales, in total the river is 12 12 miles (20.1 km) in length. It rises in Cwm Dwyfor at the head of Cwm Pennant, gathers to itself numerous streams which drain the surrounding mountains from Mynydd Graig Goch in the west to Moel Hebog in the east, then flows southwest towards Dolbenmaen and out of the Snowdonia National Park.[1]

After a brief diversion west, it turns south, then southwest again, heading for the village of Llanystumdwy. Beyond Llanystumdwy it heads for the coast and Tremadog Bay. Its mouth has been diverted eastwards by almost one mile by the Pen-y-chain shingle spit resulting from longshore drift.[2]

Its principal tributaries are the Afon Henwy which enters on its left bank above Dolbenmaen, and the Afon Dwyfach which joins it as a right-bank tributary to the west of Llanystumdwy. The Dwyfach itself rises in an area of flat ground to the west of the A487 road between Bryncir and Llanllyfni and flows in a generally southerly direction.[1]

'Afon Dwyfor' signifies the 'big holy river' in Welsh whilst the 'Afon Dwyfach' is the 'little holy river'.[3]

The river is bridged by numerous minor roads and paths but also by the A487, B4411 and A497 roads as well as the railway line between Criccieth and Pwllheli.[4] At Dolbenmaen it is believed the Roman road to Segontium forded the river. A motte-and-bailey castle, once the residence of Llywelyn the Great, guarded the ford during the Middle Ages.[5]

David Lloyd George, prime minister from 1916-1922, is buried beside the Dwyfor in Llanystumdwy.[6] A boulder marks the grave; there is no inscription; however a monument designed by the architect Sir Clough Williams-Ellis was subsequently erected around the grave,[7] bearing an englyn (strict-metre stanza) engraved on slate in his memory composed by his nephew Dr W. R. P. George.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b OpenStreetMap. "North Wales" (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Coastal Vegetated Shingle Structures of Great Britain, Appendix 1 - Wales" (PDF). Joint Nature Conservation Committee. 1993. p. 11.
  3. ^ Owen, H.W. & Morgan, R. 2007 Dictionary of the Place-names of Wales, Gomer Press, Ceredigion, Wales
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 scale Explorer map sheet no 254 Lleyn Peninsula East
  5. ^ "DOLBENMAEN CASTLE MOUND | Coflein". www.coflein.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  6. ^ "David Lloyd George remembered". Wales. 17 January 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Clough Williams-Ellis on Lloyd-George's memorial". BBC Two. 5 April 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2019.

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX