Afrânio Pompílio Gastos do Amaral

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Afrânio Pompílio Gastos do Amaral (1 December 1894, Belém – 29 November 1982, São Paulo) was a Brazilian herpetologist.

As a youngster, he collected snakes for Augusto Emilio Goeldi (1859-1917). He studied medicine in Salvador, Bahia, later finding employment at the Instituto Butantan in São Paulo. Here, his work involved research and production of anti-venom serum. In 1921 he succeeded Vital Brazil (1865-1950) as director of the Instituto Butantan. During his career, he was the author of over 450 published works.[1]


He was the taxonomic authority of several herpetological genera (e.g., Mastigodryas, Anotosaura, Colobodactylus) and of around 40 new species (Listing of species described by Amaral at French Wikipedia). The following species are named in his honor:

Also, the following subspecies is named in his honor:

Selected works[edit]

  • "A general consideration of snake poisoning and observations on neotropical pit-vipers", 1925.
  • "South American snakes in the collection of the United States National Museum", 1925
  • "Animaes venenosos do Brasil", 1930.
  • "Animais veneniferos, venenos e antivenenos", 1945.
  • "Linguagem científica", 1976.
  • "Serpentes do Brasil : iconografia colorida = Brazilian snakes : a color iconography", 1977.[3]


  1. ^ a b Paragraph based on translated text of an equivalent article at the French Wikipedia; source listed as: Kraig Adler (1989). Contributions to the History of Herpetology, Society for the study of amphibians and reptiles : 202 p. (ISBN 978-0-916984-19-9)
  2. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Amaral", p. 7).
  3. ^ WorldCat Identities (list of published works)