Africa (Toto song)

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"Africa"
U.S. 7-inch (180 mm) shaped picture disc edition
Single by Toto
from the album Toto IV
B-side "Good for You" (The Americas)[1]
"We Made It" (international)[1]
Released 10 May 1982 (U.K. & Europe)
30 October 1982 (U.S.A.)
Format 7", CD
Recorded 18 October 1981
Genre Soft rock[2]
Length 4:55 (album version)
4:21 (radio edit)
7:05 (extended)
Label Columbia
Writer(s) David Paich, Jeff Porcaro
Producer(s) Toto
Toto singles chronology
"Make Believe"
(1982)
"Africa"
(1982)
"I Won't Hold You Back"
(1982)
Music video
Toto - Africa on YouTube

"Africa" is a 1982 song by the American rock band Toto. It was included on their 1982 album Toto IV, and released as a single on September 30 1982. It reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart in February 5 1983 and number three on the UK Singles Chart the same month. The song was written by the band's keyboardist/vocalist David Paich and drummer Jeff Porcaro.

Background[edit]

The initial idea and words for the song came from David Paich. Jeff Porcaro explains the idea behind the song: "a white boy is trying to write a song on Africa, but since he's never been there, he can only tell what he's seen on TV or remembers in the past."[3]

Songwriter David Paich said:

"At the beginning of the '80s I watched a late night documentary on TV about all the terrible death and suffering of the people in Africa. It both moved and appalled me, and the pictures just wouldn't leave my head. I tried to imagine how I'd feel about if I was there and what I'd do."[4]

In 2015, lyricist Dave Paich explained the song is about a man's love of a continent: Africa, rather than just a personal romance.[5]

Musically, the song took quite some time to assemble, as Paich and Porcaro explain:

On "Africa" you hear a combination of marimba with GS 1. The kalimba is all done with the GS 1; it's six tracks of GS 1 playing different rhythms. I wrote the song on CS-80, so that plays the main part of the entire tune.[6]

So when we were doing "Africa" I set up a bass drum, snare drum and a hi-hat, and Lenny Castro set up right in front of me with a conga. We looked at each other and just started playing the basic groove. ... The backbeat is on 3, so it's a half-time feel, and it's 16th notes on the hi-hat. Lenny started playing a conga pattern. We played for five minutes on tape, no click, no nothing. We just played. And I was singing the bass line for 'Africa' in my mind, so we had a relative tempo. Lenny and I went into the booth and listened back to the five minutes of that same boring pattern. We picked out the best two bars that we thought were grooving, and we marked those two bars on tape...Maybe it would have taken two minutes to program that in the Linn, and it took about half an hour to do this. But a Linn machine doesn't feel like that!

Music video[edit]

The music video was directed by Steve Barron.[7] In the video, a researcher in a library (portrayed by band member David Paich) tries to match a scrap of a picture of a shield to the book from which it was torn out. As he continues his search, a librarian (Jenny Douglas-McRae) working at a desk takes occasional notice of him, while natives in the surrounding jungle begin to close in on the library. When the researcher finds a book entitled Africa, the native throws a spear (the shield the native carries is the same as the one in the picture), toppling stacks of books. Africa falls open to the page from which the scrap was torn, but a lantern lands on it and sets it on fire, after which the librarian's eyeglasses are shown falling to the floor. The scenes are intercut with shots of a spinning globe and the band performing atop a stack of giant hardcover books, in which Africa is the topmost.

This video also features Mike Porcaro on bass, replacing David Hungate, who had already left the band before the video was made.

Reception[edit]

In 2012, "Africa" was listed by music magazine NME in 32nd place on its list of "50 Most Explosive Choruses".[8]

Personnel[edit]

Guest musicians[edit]

Charts and certifications[edit]

It also reached number 1 on the New Zealand iTunes chart on 15 May 2013.[citation needed]

Versions and samples[edit]

Covers[edit]

  • 2008: Lebanese Canadian singer Karl Wolf covered it as his first official single, Africa.
  • 2009: Perpetuum Jazzile, a cappella group from Slovenia, on their album Africa, with more than 18 million YouTube views[19]
  • 2010: The singer Mike Massé, featuring Jeff Hall covered it with more than 5 million views[20]
  • 2012: Progressive metal band Chaos Divine released a cover version as a single with two original b-sides.
  • 2016: Metalcore band Affiance (band) released a cover version as a single. [21]

Samples[edit]

  • American electronic artist Daniel Lopatin, under the alias of Chuck Person, sampled "Africa" in track A1 from album, "Chuck Person's Eccojams Vol. 1".
  • Rapper Jay Adams Sampled "Africa" For His Song, "My First Luv" For His Second Album "Concrete Democracy 1986".
  • Italian-American trance DJ and producer Louie DeVito sampled "Africa" in his song "2 Take Me Away".
  • American pop singer JoJo sampled "Africa" in her song "Anything", which served as the third single from her 2006 sophomore studio album, The High Road.
  • American pop/R&B singer Jason Derulo sampled "Africa" in his song "Fight for You" from his 2011 sophomore studio album, Future History.
  • American rapper Wiz Khalifa sampled "Africa" in his song "Huey Newton".
  • American rapper Ja Rule sampled "Africa" in his song "Reign".
  • American rapper Nas sampled "Africa" in his song "New World".
  • American rapper Xzibit sampled "Africa" in his song "Heart Of Man", which is featured on his 2002 album Man vs. Machine.
  • American a cappella group Straight No Chaser sampled "Africa" in their cover of "The Twelve Days of Christmas".
  • Australian progressive metal band Chaos Divine recorded a cover of "Africa" as a single in 2012.
  • Lebanese-Canadian pop/R&B singer Karl Wolf sampled "Africa" in his own remake, also called "Africa", with added lyrics and musical composition and arrangement. The Karl Wolf song also featured a rap section by the Canadian-Bahamian rapper Culture. The track served as the first single from his 2007 sophomore studio album, Bite the Bullet, and reached number 2 on the Billboard Canadian Hot 100.[22]
  • Oneohtrix Point Never sampled "Africa" for the track "A1" from the album Chuck Person's Eccojams Vol. 1 released under the Chuck Person psudonym. The album would later be credited as stepping stone for the vaporwave.
  • Vektroid sampled "Africa" for the track "Dedication" from the album Initiation Tape: Isle of Avalon Edition released under the New Dreams Ltd. pseudonym.
  • American rapper Rich Homie Quan sampled "Africa" in his song "Reloaded".
  • The song was used in an advertisement for Castle Lager in South Africa in the late 1990s.[23]
  • A Foster Farms commercial in the United States features a choir of animatronic chickens singing the song as part of the poultry producer's "Amazing Chicken" campaign.[24]
  • On an episode of Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, Jimmy Fallon and Justin Timberlake perform a rendition of the song during a skit called "Summer Camp".[25]
  • Straight No Chaser "Twelve Days Of Christmas" song, In April 2006, a 1998 video recording of "The 12 Days of Christmas" was posted on YouTube where a singer riffs off to this song at around 1:50 (min). The video is credited for the reemergence of the popularity of the group.[26]
  • Swedish production duo Bacall & Malo sampled "Africa" in their remake, also called "Africa", with added lyrics and musical composition and arrangement. The Bacall & Malo music video also featured vocals by UK-based Nigerian singer Prince Osito. The track was the debut charting single of the Swedish duo peaking at number 18 on Sverigetopplistan, the official Swedish Singles Chart.[27]

Tributes[edit]

  • On January 26, 2016, American actor Dax Shepard uploaded a homemade music video for the song to YouTube. The video features footage of Shepard and his wife, actress Kristen Bell, lip-synching and dancing to the song during a trip to Africa. In Shepard's YouTube caption, he said the footage was filmed during the couple's "last trip before having kids. Our sole objective was to rage hard and honor Toto properly."[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Toto - Africa at Discogs. [ONLINE]". Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "Explore: Soft Rock | Top Songs". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 12 November 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Official TOTO Website - Encyclopedia". www.toto99.com. 2007-04-18. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved 2015-12-02. 
  4. ^ "Official TOTO Website - Releases". www.toto99.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  5. ^ Melissa Locker (May 5, 2015). "Q&'80s: Toto's Dave Paich on Writing and Recording 'Africa'". Grantland.com. (end paragraph 2 and 8). Retrieved 2016-06-04. 
  6. ^ Keyboard, 09/1995
  7. ^ "Toto - "Africa"". mvdbase.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  8. ^ "50 Most Explosive Choruses - #32 Toto - Africa - NME.COM". NME. 
  9. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  10. ^ a b c d Steffen Hung. "Toto - Africa". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  11. ^ Nztop40.co.nz
  12. ^ "UK Top 40 Chart Archive, British Singles & Album Charts". Everyhit.com. 2000-03-16. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  13. ^ Nztop40.co.nz
  14. ^ "Canadian single certifications – Toto – Africa". Music Canada. 
  15. ^ "Italian single certifications – Toto – Africa" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana.  Select Online in the field Sezione. Enter Toto in the field Filtra. Select 1983 in the field Anno. The certification will load automatically
  16. ^ "New Zealand single certifications – Toto – Africa". Recorded Music NZ. 
  17. ^ "British single certifications – Toto – Africa". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Africa in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Gold in the field By Award. Click Search
  18. ^ "American single certifications – Toto – Africa". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  19. ^ Glasba za dobro jutro: Perpetuum Jazzile, Africa. Delo, 7 August 2013, Accessed on 17 September 2013.
  20. ^ "Africa (acoustic Toto cover) - Mike Masse and Jeff Hall". 
  21. ^ http://newnoisemagazine.com/song-premiere-affiance-cover-toto-africa/
  22. ^ "Karl Wolf". billboard.com. 
  23. ^ "Top Ten South African adverts from our younger days". The South African. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  24. ^ "Foster Farms' Harmonic Choir of 'Amazing Chickens'". Little Black Book. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  25. ^ YouTube
  26. ^ YouTube
  27. ^ "Bacall & Malo - Africa". swedishcharts.com. 
  28. ^ Lisa Respers France, CNN (January 28, 2016). "Dax Shepard and Kristen Bell bless the rains down in 'Africa'". CNN. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]