African American Defense League
The African American Defense League (AADL) is a black nationalist group founded by Mauricelm-Lei Millere (Mauricelm X), whom the Anti-Defamation League asserts is an adviser to the New Black Panther Party.
The group was founded in 2014 in the wake of the shooting of Michael Brown and subsequent protests in Ferguson, Missouri. In the days following Brown's death, Millere made posts encouraging black people to kill Darren Wilson, the police officer who shot and killed Brown and was ultimately not indicted by a grand jury. After a Chicago police officer shot and killed Laquan McDonald, Millere called for the murders of police officers across the U.S.
According to Oren Segal, director of the Anti-Defamation League's Center on Extremism, Malik Zulu Shabazz once claimed in an online post that he had founded the AADL and handed it over to Millere, but Shabazz's posts have been deleted and the two groups have had little contact.
In November 2015, a post on the AADL's Facebook page asserted that "every black person across this nation should find a white police to kill in every state and American/European province around the globe."
The Pig has shot and killed Alton Sterling in Baton Rouge, Louisiana! You and I know what we must do and I don't mean marching, making a lot of noise, or attending conventions. We must "Rally The Troops!" It is time to visit Louisiana and hold a barbeque. The highlight of our occasion will be to sprinkle Pigs Blood! [sic]
Within hours of a mass shooting in Dallas, Texas, that killed five police officers, Millere posted on his Instagram account, "We have no alternative! We must kill white police officers across the country!" The message was accompanied by a photo of Millere with former president Bill Clinton that, according to Millere, was taken in May 2016. The morning after the Dallas shooting, a post on the group's Facebook page appealed to street gangs such as the Bloods and the Crips, saying, "WE ARE CALLING ON THE GANGS ACROSS THE NATION! ATTACK EVERYTHING IN BLUE EXCEPT THE MAIL MAN, UNLESS HE IS CARRYING MORE THAN MAIL!" Another post encouraged violence against firefighters, claiming "they are on the same side as police".
In the wake of the Dallas shooting, Shabazz told the press "We don't know whether he is with the movement or not. We don't take him seriously ... He may, in fact, be a plant. We don't endorse what he says. He's under suspicion as a plant."
- Fung, Brian (July 9, 2016). "What you need to know about the black nationalists the Dallas shooter liked on Facebook". Washington Post. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "New Black Panther Party Advisor Calls For Killing In Ferguson Aftermath". Anti-Defamation League. September 14, 2014. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Zavadski, Katie (July 8, 2016). "This Hate Group Called for Killing White Cops. Then Dallas Sniper Micah Xavier Johnson Started Shooting". The Daily Beast. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Hate Group Urges Gangs To Kill Cops After Dallas Shootings". Vocativ. July 8, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- Mahler, Jonathan; Turkewitz, Julie (July 8, 2016). "Suspect in Dallas Attack Had Interest in Black Power Groups". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
- "Dallas Gunman Taunted Police, Wrote Cryptic Message in Blood During Negotiations". KTLA. July 11, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2016.