African Americans in San Francisco

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African Americans in San Francisco consist of around 5.3% of the city's total population.[1] In 1970 blacks made up 13.4% of the population. In the biggest 14 cities in the nation, San Francisco is near the bottom in the percentage of black residents.[1] The neighboring city of Oakland, across the San Francisco Bay has been more traditionally associated with African-American culture than San Francisco proper. The African American community in the Fillmore District earned the neighborhood the nickname the "Harlem of the West".[2] About 9 percent of the San Francisco Police Department force is African-American.[1]


African-Americans began coming to San Francisco during the California Gold Rush. During the Great Migration, San Francisco was a destination for African-Americans coming out of the South. War Manpower Commission recruited African Americans from the South to work the recently owned Naval Docks in Hunters Point of San Francisco. Word soon spread that African Americans could find work in San Francisco, thus began the great migration.


San Francisco's African American population is projected to continue to decrease in the future.[3]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "San Francisco's black population dwindling". 2015-05-11.
  2. ^ Pepin, Elizabeth; Watts, Lewis (2006). Harlem of the West: The San Francisco Fillmore Jazz Era.
  3. ^ Fuller, Thomas (2016-07-20). "The Loneliness of Being Black in San Francisco". The New York Times.

See also[edit]