African scops owl
|African scops owl|
The African scops owl gives a distinctive "prrrp" at five second intervals. It is nevertheless difficult to sight due to its camouflage, small size and cryptic behavior. When roosting in daylight, this species extends its ear tufts to give the impression of a tree branch, making it easily overlooked. The African scops owl is around 15–17 cm in length.
The African scops owl produces four to six eggs throughout April and June. Incubation lasts about 27 days. The young fledge in 30 days. The African scops owl lays her eggs in a tree hollow.
When he first described the African scops owl in 1837, from a specimen collected in Senegal, William John Swainson assigned it to the now defunct genus Scops, giving it the scientific name Scops senegalensis.
The African scops owl is a small owl, measuring 17 cm (6.7 in) in length. It is typically greyish-brown, though sometimes pale rufous or warmer brown, and is cryptically marked with streaks and mottling. Its grey facial disk has a narrow black edge, and its eyes are yellow. It has ear tufts, which are generally kept lowered unless the bird is disturbed.
Range and habitat
The African scops owl is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa. It ranges from sea level to 2,000 m (6,600 ft) in elevation, and is found in wooded habitats and forest edge, including in gardens and mangroves.
The African scops owl is strictly nocturnal. During the day, it perches close to the trunk of a tree.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Otus senegalensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- König, Claus; Weick, Friedhelm (2008). Owls of the World. London, UK: Christopher Helm. p. 256. ISBN 978-0-7136-6548-2.
- Stevenson, Terry; Fanshawe, John (2002). Birds of East Africa: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi. London, UK: TD & A Poyser. p. 200. ISBN 0-85661-079-8.
- Barlow, Clive; Wacher, Tim (1997). A Field Guide to Birds of The Gambia and Senegal. New Haven, CT, US: Yale University Press. p. 236. ISBN 0-300-11574-1.
- African Scops Owl - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds.
- African Scops-Owl (Otus senegalensis) videos and photos at Internet Bird Collection
|This owl-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|