African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption

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The African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption [1] was adopted in Maputo on 11 July 2003 to fight rampant political corruption on the African continent. It represents regional consensus on what African states should do in the areas of prevention, criminalization, international cooperation and asset recovery. The Convention covers a wide range of offences including bribery (domestic or foreign), diversion of property by public officials, trading in influence, illicit enrichment, money laundering and concealment of property and primarily consists of mandatory provisions.

In 2007, it was reported that the following nine countries had legal gaps relating to this Convention and United Nations Convention against Corruption.:[2] Algeria, Burundi, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Togo, and Uganda. Most countries that have signed and ratified the AU Convention suffer from weak institutional framework, inadequate law enforcement and non-transparent judicial system.[3]

As of 2014, the treaty had been ratified by 35 states.[4]