Africa U-20 Cup of Nations

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Africa U-20 Cup of Nations
U20-Africa-Cup-of-Nations.png
Founded 1979
Region CAF (Africa)
Number of teams 8
Current champions  Zambia (1st title)
Most successful team(s)  Nigeria (7 titles)
2019 Africa U-20 Cup of Nations

The Total U-20 Africa Cup of Nations (previously known as the African Youth Championship or the African U-20 Championship) is the main international youth football competition for CAF nations, and is competed for by under 20 year olds. It is held every two years with the top 4 teams qualifying for the FIFA U-20 World Cup.

From 1979 until 1989, the African representatives were determined purely on a home and away qualifying basis without a final tournament, with the African champions determined through the same qualification. Since 1991 there has been a qualifying stage followed by a final tournament played by 8 teams in a chosen country.

On 6 August 2015, the CAF Executive Committee decided to change the name of the tournament from the African Youth Championship to the U-20 Africa Cup of Nations, similar to the senior's version, Africa Cup of Nations.[1]

In July 2016, Total has secured an eight-year sponsorship package from the Confederation of African Football (CAF) to support 10 of its principal competitions, including the U-20 Africa Cup of Nations Champions League, renamed Total U-20 Africa Cup of Nations.[2]

Tournament summary[edit]

African U-21 Qualifying for World Cup[edit]

Year Host nation Qualification 1 Qualification 2 World Cup host
To World Cup Score Not to World Cup To World Cup Score Not to World Cup
1977
Details
[3]
home & away
Morocco
1 – 0
3 – 0

Guinea

Ivory Coast
0 – 1
3 – 2
abandoned

Egypt

Tunisia

African U-21 Cup of Nations[edit]

Year Host nation Final Third Place
Champion Score Second Place
1979
Details
home & away
Algeria
2 – 1
2 – 3

Guinea

Ethiopia

Nigeria
1981
Details
home & away
Egypt
2 – 0
1 – 1

Cameroon

Algeria

Nigeria
1983
Details
home & away
Nigeria
2 – 2
2 – 1

Ivory Coast

Algeria

Guinea
1985
Details
home & away
Nigeria
1 – 1
2 – 1

Tunisia

Ivory Coast

Ethiopia
1987
Details
home & away
Nigeria
2 – 1
3 – 0

Togo

Morocco

Somalia
1989
Details
home & away
Nigeria
2 – 0
2 – 1

Mali

Algeria

Ivory Coast

African U-21 Championship[edit]

Year Host nation Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1991
Details
 Egypt
Egypt
2 – 1
Ivory Coast

Ghana
2 – 0
Zambia
1993
Details
 Mauritius
Ghana
2 – 0
Cameroon

Egypt
3 – 0
Ethiopia
1995
Details
 Nigeria
Cameroon
4 – 0
Burundi

Nigeria
1 – 0
Mali
1997
Details
 Morocco
Morocco
1 – 0
South Africa

Ivory Coast
2 – 0
Ghana
1999
Details
 Ghana
Ghana
1 – 0
Nigeria

Cameroon
2 – 1
Zambia
2001
Details
 Ethiopia
Angola
2 – 0
Ghana

Egypt
2 – 0
Ethiopia

African U-20 Championship[edit]

Year Host nation Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
2003
Details
 Burkina Faso
Egypt
4 – 3
Ivory Coast

Mali
1 – 1
(5 – 4)
on penalties

Burkina Faso
2005
Details
 Benin
Nigeria
2 – 0
Egypt

Benin
1 – 1
(5 – 3)
on penalties

Morocco
2007
Details
 Republic of the Congo
Congo
1 – 0
Nigeria

Gambia
3 – 1
Zambia
2009
Details
 Rwanda
Ghana
2 – 0
Cameroon

Nigeria
2 – 1
South Africa
2011[4]
Details
 South Africa
Nigeria
3 – 2
aet

Cameroon

Egypt
1 – 0
Mali
2013
Details
 Algeria
Egypt
1 – 1
(5 – 4)
on penalties

Ghana

Nigeria
2 – 1
Mali
2015
Details
 Senegal
Nigeria
1 – 0
Senegal

Ghana
3 – 1
Mali

Africa U-20 Cup of Nations[edit]

Year Host nation Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
2017
Details
 Zambia
Zambia
2 – 0
Senegal

Guinea
2 – 1
South Africa
2019
Details
 Niger[5] To be played To be played

Performance by nation[edit]

Rank Team Champions Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place Semi-finalists
1  Nigeria 7 (1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, 2005, 2011, 2015) 2 (1999, 2007) 3 (1995*, 2009, 2013) 2 (1979, 1981)
2  Egypt 4 (1981, 1991*, 2003, 2013) 1 (2005) 3 (1993, 2001, 2011)
3  Ghana 3 (1993, 1999*, 2009) 2 (2001, 2013) 2 (1991, 2015) 1 (1997)
4  Cameroon 1 (1995) 4 (1981, 1993, 2009, 2011) 1 (1999)
5  Zambia 1 (2017*) 3 (1991, 1999, 2007)
6  Algeria 1 (1979) 3 (1981, 1983, 1989)
7  Morocco 1 (1997*) 1 (2005) 1 (1987)
8  Angola 1 (2001)
 Congo 1 (2007*)
10  Ivory Coast 3 (1983, 1991, 2003) 1 (1997) 2 (1985, 1989)
11  Senegal 2 (2015*, 2017)
12  Mali 1 (1989) 1 (2003) 4 (1995, 2011, 2013, 2015)
13  Guinea 1 (1979) 1 (2017) 1 (1983)
14  South Africa 1 (1997) 2 (2009, 2017)
15  Tunisia 1 (1985)
 Togo 1 (1987)
 Burundi 1 (1995)
18  Benin 1 (2005*)
 Gambia 1 (2007)
20  Ethiopia 2 (1993, 2001*) 2 (1979, 1985)
21  Somalia 1 (1987)
22  Burkina Faso 1 (2003*)
Source for winners and runners-up: RSSSF[6]
* = As hosts

Participating nations[edit]

Team
1979

1981

1983

1985

1987

1989
Egypt
1991
Mauritius
1993
Nigeria
1995
Morocco
1997
Ghana
1999
Ethiopia
2001
Burkina Faso
2003
Benin
2005
Republic of the Congo
2007
Rwanda
2009
South Africa
2011
Algeria
2013
Senegal
2015
Zambia
2017
Niger
2019
Years
 Algeria 1st SF SF 1R × SF GS × 6
 Angola × × 1R 1R × PR × × GS 1st GS 6
 Benin × × × × × × × × × × × 3rd × GS × 2
 Burkina Faso × × × × × × × × × 4th GS 2
 Burundi × × × × × × × × 2nd × × × 1
 Cameroon 2R 2nd QF QF 1R 1R GS 2nd 1st 3rd GS GS 2nd 2nd GS 15
 Central African Republic × 2R × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 1
 Congo × × × × × × × × × × × × 1st GS 2
 DR Congo × × × × × 1R × × × × × × × × × GS 2
 Egypt 1R 1st QF 1R QF QF 1st 3rd GS 3rd 1st 2nd GS GS 3rd 1st GS 17
 Equatorial Guinea × 2R × × × × × × × × × × × × × 1
 Ethiopia SF 1R × SF 1R × GS 4th 4th × × × × 7
 Gabon × PR 1R × × QF × × × GS × GS 5
 Gambia × × 1R PR × × × × × × × 3rd GS × 4
 Ghana × × × 1R QF 3rd 1st 4th 1st 2nd GS 1st GS 2nd 3rd 12
 Guinea 2nd 1R SF QF 1R 1R × GS GS × 3rd 9
 Ivory Coast × × 2nd SF QF SF 2nd × 3rd × 2nd GS GS GS GS 11
 Kenya 1R × × × × × × × × × × 1
 Lesotho × × × × × QF × × × GS GS × × 1
 Liberia × × × × PR × × × × × × × × × 1
 Libya 1R × × × × × × × × × × 1
 Malawi × × × × × × × × × GS × × × × 1
 Mali × × × × × 2nd 4th GS GS GS 3rd GS GS 4th 4th 4th GS 12
 Mauritania × 1R × × 1R × × × × × × × 2
 Mauritius 2R × × × × × × GS GS × × × × 3
 Morocco 2R 1R QF QF SF 1R GS 1st 4th GS 10
 Mozambique × × × PR QF × × × × × 2
 Niger × × × × × × × × × × × × q 1
 Nigeria SF SF 1st 1st 1st 1st × GS 3rd 2nd GS 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 3rd 1st 16
 Rwanda × × × × × × × × × × × × GS 1
 Senegal × × PR × × PR GS GS 2nd 2nd 6
 Somalia × × × × SF × × × × × × × × × × 1
 South Africa × × × × × × × × 2nd GS GS 4th GS GS 4th 7
 Sudan × × 1R 1R × × × × GS GS 4
 Swaziland × × 1R × × × × × × × × × × × × 1
 Togo × 1R 1R × 2nd × × × × × × × × 3
 Tunisia 2R 2R 1R 2nd QF 1R 6
 Uganda × × × PR PR × × × × × × 2
 Zambia × × × 1R 1R × 4th × GS GS 4th 4th GS 1st 9
 Zimbabwe × 2R QF QF × × × × × × × 3
Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • SF – Semi-finals
  • QF – Quarter-finals
  • GS – Group stage
  • PR – Preliminary round
  • 1R – First round
  • 2R – Second round
  • q – Qualified
  •     — Hosts
  •  ×  – Did not enter
  •  •  – Did not qualify
  •  ×  – Withdrew before qualification
  •     — Withdrew after qualification
  •     — Disqualified after qualification

Participating nations by year of debut[edit]

Participating nations by Debut (Until 1989, counted Round 1, after 1991 counting Final 16)

Before 1989[edit]

After 1991[edit]

Player awards[edit]

Year Player of the tournament Top goalscorer
1991
1993
1995
1997 South Africa Benni McCarthy South Africa Benni McCarthy
1999 Guinea Ousmane Bangoura
2001 Angola Pedro Mantorras
2003 Egypt Emad Moteab
2005 Morocco Mouhcine Iajour
2007 Cameroon Fabrice N'Guessi[7] Zambia Fwayo Tembo
2009 Ghana Ransford Osei Ghana Ransford Osei
2011 Cameroon Edgar Salli Nigeria Uche Nwofor
2013 Egypt Saleh Gomaa Nigeria Aminu Umar
2015 Ghana Yaw Yeboah Nigeria Musa Muhammed
2017 South Africa Luther Singh Zambia Patson Daka

FIFA U-20 World Cup performances[edit]

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarterfinals
  • R2 – Round 2
  • R1 – Round 1
  •      – Hosts
  • q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
Team Tunisia
1977
Japan
1979
Australia
1981
Mexico
1983
Soviet Union
1985
Chile
1987
Saudi Arabia
1989
Portugal
1991
Australia
1993
Qatar
1995
Malaysia
1997
Nigeria
1999
Argentina
2001
United Arab Emirates
2003
Netherlands
2005
Canada
2007
Egypt
2009
Colombia
2011
Turkey
2013
New Zealand
2015
South Korea
2017
Poland
2019
Total
 Algeria QF 1
 Angola R2 1
 Benin R1 1
 Burkina Faso R2 1
 Burundi R1 1
 Cameroon R1 R1 QF R2 R1 R2 6
 Congo R2 1
 Egypt QF R1 3rd R2 R1 R2 R2 R1 8
 Ethiopia R1 1
 Gambia R2 1
 Ghana 2nd 4th QF 2nd 1st 3rd R2 7
 Guinea R1 R1 2
 Ivory Coast R1 R1 R1 R1 R2 5
 Mali R1 3rd R1 R1 R1 3rd 6
 Morocco R1 R2 4th 3
 Nigeria R1 3rd R1 2nd QF 2nd QF R2 QF R2 R2 11
 Senegal 4th R2 2
 South Africa R1 R2 R1 3
 Togo R1 1
 Tunisia R1 R1 2
 Zambia R1 R2 QF 3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Decisions of CAF Executive Committee on 6 August 2015". CAF. 9 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Total to sponsor CAF competitions for the next eight years". Africa News. Africa News. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "1977 results by RSSSF". Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "Nigeria win superb Africa Youth Championship final". BBC. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "CAF Executive Committee decisions of 26 May 2015". CAF. 27 May 2015. 
  6. ^ José Luis Pierrend (15 July 2011). "African Youth Championship". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Ambitious Ondama targets Congolese triumph". FIFA.com. 30 April 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 

External links[edit]