African emigrants to Italy
|Regions with significant populations|
|Rome, Milan, Turin, Palermo, Bologna, Brescia, Bergamo, Florence|
|Italian, Afro-Asiatic languages, Niger–Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages|
|Predominantly Roman Catholicism, also Orthodox, Other Christians · Sunni Islam|
In 2017, there has been a 40 percent increase in the overall number of migrants arriving in Italy and in 2014 over 170,000 migrants arrived which represented the biggest influx of people into one country in European Union History. A large percentage of them arrive via Africa.
The African migrants specifically use the coast of the country Libya to travel across the Mediterranean Sea in large numbers hoping to land on Italian shores. Although departing from Libya, most are from Ghana, Senegal, Nigeria, Eritrea, and Syria (which is geographically located in Asia). The route is dangerous and often unsuccessful; in 2015, 2,000 people died crossing the Mediterranean and the Libyan coast guard intercepted many of the boats which were transporting the illegal immigrants from Africa and into Italy. As this route begins to gain more and more publicity and attention, smugglers are using alternate routes such as Egypt, the Balkan route from Greece, and a very risky route from mountain passes in Albania.
In 2017, proposals were made for the European Union to open asylum centres in Libya to protect vulnerable refugees and to allow them access to healthcare. One major problem with the refugees' path to freedom are the detention centers within Libya, which the European Union claims violates human rights. A second major problem is that the entire refugee process has fuelled the creation of an illegal human smuggling market, which earns a profit by granting asylum seekers from Africa access to Europe in very dangerous conditions.
There are numerous non- governmental organizations which aim to save stranded refugees by monitoring certain areas of the Mediterranean. However, that fails to allow for legitimate government organizations to record realistic migrant numbers. The influx of migration leads locals to fear their safety, finances, and quality of life.
In 2016, Italy’s finance minister pushed for financial compensation from the European Union for his country’s financial losses because of mass migration. As of 2016, the European Union had put forth only 1.8 billion euros for the entirety of Africa's refugee efforts in Europe.
Countries of origin
North and North East Africans
The largest group of immigrants from Africa are from North Africa, numbering 666.585 official residents in 2016. By country of origin, most of these recent arrivals are from Morocco (437.485), Tunisia (95.645), Egypt (109.871) and Algeria (21.765). Italy also has a number of immigrants from Libya (1.819), Somalia (7.903), Eritrea (9.597) and Ethiopia (8.000), territories where Italian expatriates had a presence during the colonial period.
West and Central Africans
Compared to North and Northeast Africans, the percentage of West and Central Africans as a proportion of immigrants to Italy from Africa is 33.2% (344.568 official residents in 2015). Most come from Senegal (98.176), Nigeria (77.264) and Ghana (48.637).
Notable individuals in Italy
The following is a list of notable African nationals who have immigrated to and now at least partially reside in Italy.
- Mostafa Errebbah - Long-distance runner of Moroccan birth
- Nadia Ejjafini - Long-distance runner of Moroccan birth
- Adam Masina - Footballer of Moroccan birth
- Matteo Ferrari - Footballer born in Algeria
- Paolo Dal Molin - Athlete born in Cameroon
- Edwige Gwend - Judoka born in Cameroon
- Jacques Riparelli - Athlete born in Cameroon
- Audrey Alloh - Athlete born in Côte d'Ivoire
- Sumbu Kalambay - Boxer born in Zaire
- Migidio Bourifa - Athlete born in Morocco
- Zahra Bani - Javelin thrower born in Somalia
- Mostafa Errebbah - Athlete born in Morocco
- Gert Peens - Rugby player born in South Africa
- Desmond N'Ze Kouassi - Footballer born in Ghana
- Lorenzo Bandini - Motor racing driver born in Libya
- Nicola Pietrangeli - Tennis player born in Tunisia
- Christian Manfredini - Footballer born in Côte d'Ivoire
- Jaco Erasmus - Rugby player born in South Africa
- Nicholas Northcote - Cricket player born in South Africa
- Marcello Fiasconaro - Athlete born in South Africa
- Claudio Gentile - Footballer born in Libya
- Magdi Allam - Politician born in Egypt
- Toni Iwobi - Politician born in Nigeria
- Cécile Kyenge - Politician and Minister of Integration born in Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Souad Sbai - Politician born in Morocco
- Jean-Léonard Touadi - Politician born in Republic of the Congo
- Dacia Valent - Politician born in Somalia
Media and literature
- Nour Eddine - Singer and filmmaker born in Morocco
- Edwige Fenech - actress born in Algeria from Maltese father and Italian mother
- Saba Anglana - Singer and actress born in Somalia
- Senit - Singer born in Eritrea
- Remo Girone - Actor born in Eritrea
- Bruno Lauzi - Italian singer born in Eritrea
- Sandra Milo - Italian actress born in Tunisia
- Tahar Lamri - Writer born in Algeria
- Claudia Cardinale - Italian Actress born in Tunisia
- Zeudi Araya - Eritrean-Italian actress
- Franco Califano - Italian singer born in Libya
- Josephine Bakhita - Catholic saint born in Sudan
- Michele Amatore - Italian army captain born in Sudan
- Adel Smith - Italian Muslim born in Egypt
- Dati ISTAT 2016. "Cittadini stranieri in Italia - 2016". tuttitalia.it.
- Hargreaves, Fionn (February 28, 2017). "TWENTY MILLION African migrants heading for Europe". Mail Online.
- "African migrants: What really drives them to Europe?". www.aljazeera.com.
- Adler, Katya (April 19, 2016). "Mass migration threatens national crisis in Italy" – via www.bbc.com.