African giant free-tailed bat
|African giant free-tailed bat|
The African giant free-tailed bat (Tadarida ventralis), or African free-tailed bat is a species of bat in the family Molossidae. It is found in Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and possibly South Africa. Its natural habitats are dry savanna and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.
Taxonomy and etymology
It was described as a new species in 1861 by German ornithologist Theodor von Heuglin. Von Heuglin placed it in the now-defunct genus Nyctinomus and subgenus Dysopes, with a scientific name of Nyctinomus (Dysopes) ventralis. Von Heuglin wrote that it has a wide ventral stripe, likely inspiring its species name "ventralis."
Its total body length ranges from 137–152 mm (5.4–6.0 in). Its forearm is 61–65 mm (2.4–2.6 in) long; its tail is 53–63 mm (2.1–2.5 in) long; its ears are 20–24 mm (0.79–0.94 in) long. Its fur is umber or fulvous-brown in color, with the ventral fur paler than the dorsal side. The ventral side has a distinct white stripe across the middle.
Range and habitat
Its range includes several countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, such as The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
It has been called "the rarest of the African molossids." The IUCN currently assesses it as data deficient, meaning that not enough information is available to make an accurate assessment of its conservation needs and priority.
- Mickleburgh, S.; Hutson, A.M.; Bergmans, W. & Cotterill, F.P.D. (2008). "Tadarida ventralis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T21318A9270209. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T21318A9270209.en. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
- von Heuglin, Theodor (1861). "Beiträge zur Fauna der Säugethiere N.O.-Afrikas". Novorum actorum Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum. 29 (8): 11–14.
- Skinner, J. D.; Chimimba, C. T. (2005). The mammals of the southern African sub-region. Cambridge University Press. pp. 289–290. ISBN 9780521844185.