African nationalism

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African nationalism is a political movement for Pan-Africanism and for national self-determination.[1] Origins of the idea come from European nationalist schools of thought. Political interest began in the 1870s[2] and political organizations started to form in the 1890s.[1] African Nationalism came to mean the struggle against foreign colonial powers ruling over African territory. In the years after World War II, African nationalism gained strength,[3] resulting in independence for Libya in 1951 and Ghana in 1957. All but six African countries were independent nation-states by 1966. Later after many successful nationalist movements in Africa, "African Nationalism" began to be associated with the Pan-African movement.[4] [3] Edward Wilmot Blyden has been described as the founder of African nationalism.[5] Julius Nyerere defined African nationalism as a new kind of nationalism and that it is "meaningless, dangerous, is anachronistic if it is not at the same time pan-Africanism."[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b African nationalism
  2. ^ 17 African nationalism
  3. ^ a b Exploring Africa
  4. ^
  5. ^ Neuberger, Benyamin (1985). "Early African Nationalism, Judaism and Zionism: Edward Wilmot Biyden". Jewish Social Studies 47 (2): 151. 
  6. ^ Emerson, Rupert (2009). "Pan-Africanism". International Organization 16 (2): 290. doi:10.1017/S0020818300011061. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Shepherd, George W., junior (1962). The Politics of African Nationalism: Challenge to American Policy. New York: F.A. Praeger.