Cape Town, Cape Province, Union of South Africa.
|Focus||Afrikaans language & culture based on Biblical, Christian values.|
|Republic of South Africa & Namibia|
|Method||Direct action, lobbying, research, innovation|
The Afrikaans Language and Culture Association (Afrikaans: Afrikaanse Taal- en Kultuurvereniging), ATKV, is a society that aims to promote the Afrikaans language and culture. The association was founded in 1930 in Cape Town. Since its inception and up to the end of Apartheid in 1994, membership was only open to members of the Afrikaner Christian community. Membership was opened to include people of all ethnicities, sharing the same values as the ATKV (i.e. speaking Afrikaans and belonging to the Christian faith).
The Witwatersrand Gold Rush of 1886 and Anglo Boer War (1899–1902) resulted in an influx of foreigners to the Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek. Because the Boer Republics became British colonies right after the Anglo Boer War, the Afrikaners felt marginalised and stigmatised. This culminated in the mass urbanisation of unskilled Afrikaners during the great depression years. Like many British soldiers and immigrants the impoverished Afrikaners found refuge in the former South African Railways. Provision was made for them by the South African Government in railway camps (a forerunner of the Apartheid Township) later known as "Spoorwegkampe".
The combination of the above factors caused the Afrikaners to fear erosion of their culture and language. In 1930 Edwin Robert Carney and Sybrand (Sybie) Jacobus van der Spuy started talking about an association for Afrikaners. Van der Spuy felt that an Afrikaans debate association would be sufficient. Edwin Carney showed preference to the idea of an Afrikaans language and culture association because in his opinion such an association would have more bargaining power to the authorities.
On Tuesday, 19 August 1930, twelve Afrikaners from different sections of the railway services met in Cape Town and the Afrikaans Language and Cultural Association (ATKV) was founded. Sybie van der Spuy was chosen as the first chairman and HJ Kamerman as the first secretary of the newly founded ATKV.
The ATKV has been controversial on membership issues in the past, most notably:
- In 2000 the ATKV rejected two applicants because they did not comply with the organisation's policy that members had to belong to the Christian faith.
- Again, in 2004 the ATKV was as the center of a membership issue when it denied a Muslim couple membership to its Goudini spa. Fritz Kok (managing director of the organisation at that time) said: "We do not exclude other religious beliefs and cultures from participating in projects and festivals which we run throughout the year. Everyone is welcome. However, when it comes to applying for membership, we have to be united in our beliefs as we are the ones who formulate important policies on various issues. The ATKV was founded with Christian values at the core of its operations. We follow all our business dealings and other operations under the guidance of what the Bible says. Therefore we cannot have members of other faiths join – there would be conflict of beliefs,".
The ATKV owns and operates seven holiday resorts in South Africa. Historically these resorts were only open to white Afrikaans speakers that were members of the ATKV. Since the early 1990s these resorts have been open to the general public with discount to organisation members.
These seven resorts are:
- Buffelspoort (near Rustenburg).
- Drakensville (nestles in the foothills of the majestic Amphitheatre in the Northern Drakensberg, approximately 350 km from Johannesburg and 250 km from Durban between the town Bergville and Jagersrust. ).
- Eiland Spa (within the Hans Merensky-nature reserve).
- Goudini Spa (near Worcester, Western Cape).
- Hartenbos (in Hartenbos).
- Klein-Kariba (near Bela-Bela).
- Natalia (near Winkelspruit).
Crescendo / CrescendoKreatief
Beginning 1994, ATKV started organising an annual music competition dedicated to Afrikaans music. The competition was known as Crescendo from its inception until 2005. In 2006, it was renamed CrescendoKreatief and became a songwriting-based competition. The competition was terminated after the 2012 competition season.
- Winners of Crescendo
The ATKV has been active in many areas of South African culture and language.
Some projects ATKV are part of or sponsor include:
- National Afrikaans Olympiad
- Ligteliedjiewerkswinkel (Song writing)
- Mediaveertjies (Media Feathers)
- Tienertoneel (Teen – Drama)
- ATKV-Skryfskool (Writing School)
- ATKV-Applous (School Choir Competition)
- ATKV-Animato (Children, Youth and Adult choir competition)
- ATKV-Redenaars en Debat (Public speaking)
They also sponsor several South African arts festivals:
- KKNK (Klein Karoo Nasionale Kunstefees)
- Nampo – Agricultural Trade Show (Held annually near Bothaville in the Free State Province).
- Snoek & Patat Fees
Other areas of operation
ATKV Hartenbos Museum
During 1937 the ATKV decided to establish a museum in Hartenbos. As the idea of the Symbolic Ox Wagon Trek of 1938 originated in Hartenbos, the museum concentrates on the Great Trek of 1838 (when the Boers, dissatisfied with British rule, left the Cape Colony en masse). The museum also focuses on the history of Hartenbos itself.
- Hall 1: Preparation for the Great Trek;
- Hall 2: Outspan (camping and relaxing) at the end of a day's journey;
- Hall 3: Repairing the ox wagons;
- Hall 4: Building the laager (a camp with the wagons drawn into a circle for protections against attack);
- Hall 5: Relaxation during the Great Trek
- Hall 6: Daily activities (baking bread, candle making);
- Hall 7: Settling after the journey (featuring family worship in a Boer homestead);
- Hall 8: The Voortrekkers’ freedom struggle;
- Hall 9: The Symbolic Ox Wagon Trek of 1938;
- Hall 10: The History of Hartenbos.
- Morris, Michael & John Linnegar (2004). Every Step of the Way: The Journey to Freedom in South Africa. Ministry of Education. pp. 58–95. ISBN 0-7969-2061-3.
- "ATKV | Afrikaanse taal, kultuur, kennis en kreatiwiteit Suid Afrika". www.atkv.org.za (in Afrikaans). Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "ATKV 'not discriminating against Muslims' | IOL Politics". Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Muslim family can't join Christian ATKV | IOL Politics". Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Sarad 2.7 – Login". sarad.co.za. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Welkom by ons wereld van 7 landswyd Vakansie Oorde". atkvoorde.co.za. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- Republikein: ATKV-Crescendo slaan nuwe musikale rigting in (27 July 2006) (in Afrikaans)
- ATKV – Projects Archived 9 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- National Afrikaans Olympiad
- "Weg". weg.co.za. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- News24 Article on the National Rieldans Championships Archived 29 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "TUIS – KKNK". kknk.co.za. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- Grainsa. "Page Not Found Error". Page Not Found Error. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Innibos -". innibos.co.za (in Afrikaans). Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Vryfees – Free Press". Vryfees. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Woordfees". woordfees.co.za. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- Goedverwacht Festival Website Archived 16 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Hartenbos Museum Website Archived 21 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine