Afro-American religion (also known as African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and in the state of Louisiana in the Southern United States. They derive from traditional African religions with some influence from other religious traditions, notably Christianity.
Afro-American religions involve veneration of the dead, and include a creator deity along with a pantheon of divine spirits such as the Orisha, Loa, Nkisi, and Alusi, among others. In addition to the religious syncretism of these various African traditions, many also incorporate elements of Folk Catholicism, Native American religion, Spiritism, Spiritualism and European folklore.
List of traditions
- Espiritismo (mixture of Indigenous American, African, European, and Asian beliefs, Puerto Rico)
- Hoodoo (mixture of West/Central African, Indigenous American, and European traditions, Mississippi Delta)
- Kélé (derived from Yoruba religion, St. Lucia)
- Puerto Rican Vudú or Sanse (Dahomean religion, Puerto Rico)
- Rastafarianism, Jamaica
- Santo Daime (folk Catholicism and Spiritism, Brazil)
- Tambor de Mina (mixture of Dahomean religion, Yoruba Religion, Indigenous American, and European traditions, Maranhão, Brazil)
- Quimbois (African folk beliefs mixed with Christianity, from Martinique).
- Xangô de Recife (Yoruba religion, Brazil)
- Xangô do Nordeste (Yoruba religion, Brazil)
- For an extended discussion on Palo's history, see: Dodson, Jualynne E. (2008). Sacred spaces and Religious Traditions in Oriente Cuba. UNM Press.
- Eltis, David; Richardson, David (1997). Routes to slavery: direction, ethnicity, and mortality in the transatlantic slave trade. Routledge. p. 88. ISBN 0-7146-4820-5.
- Houk, James (1995). Spirits, Blood, and Drums: The Orisha Religion in Trinidad. Temple University Press.
- Xango de Recife[permanent dead link]