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"African Arabs" redirects here. For Arabs living in Africa, see North African Arabs.
السود العرب
Regions with significant populations
Swahili Coast, other parts of Arab world
Varieties of Arabic
Related ethnic groups
Afro-Iranian, Al-Akhdam

Afro-Arabs are individuals and groups from Africa who are of partial Arab descent. Most Afro-Arabs inhabit the Swahili Coast in the African Great Lakes region, although some can also be found in other parts of the Arab world.[1][2]

In a political context, "Afro-Arab" may also refer to the African Union's efforts to improve cooperation between nations inside of non-Arab Africa and the Arab World countries of West Asia (Arab Middle East) and Arab Africa.[3]


In the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, descendants of people from the Swahili Coast perform traditional Liwa and Fann At-Tanbura music and dance.[4] The mizmar is also performed by Afro-Arabs in the Tihamah and Hejaz regions of Saudi Arabia.[citation needed]

In addition, Stambali of Tunisia and Gnawa music of Morocco are both ritual music and dances, which in part trace their origins to West African musical styles.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Romero, Patricia W. (1997). Lamu. Markus Wiener. p. 7. ISBN 1558761063. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Gunnar M Ahmad Abdel Ghaffar Muhammad Chr Michelsens Institutt (2013). Sudan Divided: Continuing Conflict in a Contested State. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 90. ISBN 1137338245. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Sarah Grainger, Uganda celebrates Afro-Arab unity, BBC News, March 13, 2008
  4. ^ Poul Rovsing Olsen, "La Musique Africaine dans le Golfe Persique", Journal of the International Folk Music Council, Vol. 19, (1967), pp. 28-36

External links[edit]