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Summer Carnival in Rotterdam

The term Afro European or Afro-European refers to Europeans who trace at least part of their ancestry to Sub-Saharan Africa, or former European colonies in Africa in general.

The concept of "Afro-Europeans" is used on the model of African Americans by associations and movements militating in favor of equal opportunities for black and mixed-race people from overseas territories and Europe.

Black Europeans are a relatively small visible minority group, and today they generally enjoy high levels of social integration, assimilation, and belonging in Western Europe despite past histories of colonization and discrimination. Interracial couples among black Europeans are common and some black Europeans have gone to serve as government officials and ministers.

European Union[edit]

In the European Union there is a record of 12 million people of African or Afro-Caribbean descent, comprising over 2% of the total population. The countries with the largest African population in Europe are:

Country Population Comments / source
France 3,000,000 most are from former French colonies in Africa, with around 800,000 having roots in the French Caribbean islands
United Kingdom 2,500,000 most have roots in former British colonies in Africa, notably Nigeria, and half are from or descendants of Caribbean islands notably Jamaica.
Netherlands 700,000 most are from the former Dutch possession Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles, but communities of Cape Verde and Africa are also found
Belgium 900,000 most have roots in the former Belgian Congo and other French-speaking African countries
Spain 683,000 most are from Equatorial Guinea and Latin American countries, also includes many contract workers from Africa
Germany 510,000 includes bi-racial children of Black American soldiers from the Cold War, African-Americans with Cold War ties, as well as recent students, professionals, and other immigrants from Africa; excluding MENA population classified as sub-saharan African
Italy 1,036,000 most are migrants both legal and illegal. Also includes some populations with Italian colonial ties. [1]
Portugal 150,000[2] most have roots from former Portuguese colonies in Africa and the Caribbean [3]
Sweden 150,000 consists mostly of recent immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers.
Finland 48,749[4] People with a foreign background from Africa.
Russia 40,000 [5]
Republic of Ireland 65,078 2011 Census

Smaller Afro-European communities can also be found elsewhere in Europe.

More than 970,000 sub-Saharan Africans had settled in Europe between 2010 and 2017.[6]


See also[edit]



  • Claudy Siar délégué interministériel à l'égalité des chances, Baptême médiatique difficile pour le nouveau délégué interministériel, François-Xavier Guillerm(agence de presse GHM), 1er avril 2011. » [archive], sur Blog France-Antille de François-Xavier Guillerm [archive]