This article is a translation-work in progress of the article Afro-Européens from French to English.
If you are confident enough in your competence of French and English, you can help Wikipedia by assisting in the translation.
The concept of "Afro-Europeans" is used on the model of African Americans by associations and movements militating in favor of equal opportunities for black and mixed-race people from overseas territories and Europe.
Black Europeans are a relatively small visible minority group, and today they generally enjoy high levels of social integration, assimilation, and belonging in Western Europe despite past histories of colonization and discrimination. Interracial couples among black Europeans are common and some black Europeans have gone to serve as government officials and ministers.
In the European Union there is a record of 12 million people of African or Afro-Caribbean descent, comprising over 2% of the total population. The countries with the largest African population in Europe are:
|Country||Population||Comments / source|
|France||3,000,000||most are from former French colonies in Africa, with around 800,000 having roots in the French Caribbean islands|
|United Kingdom||2,500,000||most have roots in former British colonies in Africa, notably Nigeria, and half are from or descendants of Caribbean islands notably Jamaica.|
|Netherlands||700,000||most are from the former Dutch possession Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles, but communities of Cape Verde and Africa are also found|
|Belgium||900,000||most have roots in the former Belgian Congo and other French-speaking African countries|
|Spain||683,000||most are from Equatorial Guinea and Latin American countries, also includes many contract workers from Africa|
|Germany||510,000||includes bi-racial children of Black American soldiers from the Cold War, African-Americans with Cold War ties, as well as recent students, professionals, and other immigrants from Africa; excluding MENA population classified as sub-saharan African|
|Italy||1,036,000||most are migrants both legal and illegal. Also includes some populations with Italian colonial ties. |
|Portugal||150,000||most have roots from former Portuguese colonies in Africa and the Caribbean |
|Sweden||150,000||consists mostly of recent immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers.|
|Finland||48,749||People with a foreign background from Africa.|
|Republic of Ireland||65,078||2011 Census|
Smaller Afro-European communities can also be found elsewhere in Europe.
More than 970,000 sub-Saharan Africans had settled in Europe between 2010 and 2017.
- "Cittadini Stranieri in Italia - 2016". Tuttitalia.it.
- "Afro-Portuguese". 22 August 2018 – via Wikipedia.
- [dead link]
- "Russia's Black Community - Society - Russia Now: In-Depth Coverage of Russia News, Russia Politics, Russia Business and More - washingtonpost.com". www.washingtonpost.com.
- "At Least a Million Sub-Saharan Africans Moved to Europe Since 2010". Pew Research Center. 22 March 2018.
- Claudy Siar délégué interministériel à l'égalité des chances, Baptême médiatique difficile pour le nouveau délégué interministériel, François-Xavier Guillerm(agence de presse GHM), 1er avril 2011. » [archive], sur Blog France-Antille de François-Xavier Guillerm [archive]