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Afro-Uruguayans Uruguay
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Total population
10% (including mixed-race) of Uruguay's population)
Regions with significant populations
Rioplatense Spanish, Portuñol
Umbanda, Roman Catholicism, Pentecostalism
Related ethnic groups
Other Afro-Latin Americans

The term "Afro-Uruguayans" refers to Uruguayans of predominantly Black African descent. The majority of Afro-Uruguayans are in Montevideo.[2]


For most of the colonial period, the port of Buenos Aires (see Afro-Argentines) served as the exclusive entry point for enslaved Africans in the Río de la Plata region. Slaves entering the port of Buenos Aires were then regularly shipped inland to Córdoba and the northwestern provinces of Salta and Tucumán in Argentina, across the Andes Mountains to Chile (see Afro-Chileans), and to the mines of Potosí in Alto Perú (see Afro-Bolivians).

In recent decades there has been an influx of sub-Saharan Africans to Uruguay, especially Nigerians.[3]


Candombe's origins lie in the "Kings of Congo" ceremonial processions from the period of African slavery in South America. Candombe is related to other musical forms of African origin found in the Americas such as Cuban son and tumba and Brazilian maracatu and congadas. The form evolved by the beginning of the 19th century.

Notable Afro-Uruguayans[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Felipe Arocena. "The contribution of immigrants to Uruguay" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Nigerians in Uruguay (Spanish)

External links[edit]