|Genre||Chanbara, science fantasy, avant-garde, black comedy|
|Written by||Takashi Okazaki|
|Published by||Self-funded dōjinshi|
|English publisher||Seven Seas Entertainment NA|
|Magazine||Nou Nou Hau (dōjinshi)|
|Original run||September 1999 – May 2000|
|Volumes||1 JP, 2 NA|
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Fuminori Kizaki
|Written by||Tomohiro Yamashita
|Licensed by||Funimation NA
Madman Entertainment AUS
|English network||Spike NA
Adult Swim (UK & Ireland)/Bravo (British TV channel) UK
|Original run||January 4, 2007 – February 1, 2007|
|Afro Samurai: Resurrection|
|Directed by||Fuminori Kizaki
|Produced by||Shin'ichiro Ishikawa
Samuel L. Jackson
|Written by||Takashi Okazaki
|Licensed by||Funimation NA
Madman Entertainment AUS
|Released||January 25, 2009 NA
February 3, 2009 JP
|Runtime||90 minutes NA
100 minutes JP
Afro Samurai (アフロサムライ Afuro Samurai?), also written AFRO SAMURAI, is a Japanese seinen dōjinshi manga series written and illustrated by manga artist Takashi Okazaki. It was originally serialized irregularly in the avant-garde dōjinshi manga magazine Nou Nou Hau from September 1999 to May 2000. Inspired by Okazaki's love of soul and hip hop music and American media, it follows the life of Afro Samurai who witnessed his father (owner of the No. 1 headband) being killed by a gunslinger, Justice (owner of the No. 2 headband) while he was a child. As an adult, Afro sets off to avenge his father's death and kill Justice.
The Afro Samurai dōjinshi was adapted into a 5-episode anime TV mini-series by studio Gonzo in 2007. The same studio also went on to produce a made-for-TV movie sequel titled Afro Samurai: Resurrection in 2009, which gained two Emmy nominations, for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation, which it won, and Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or More). After the release of the anime series, Okazaki remade the original Afro Samurai dōjinshi into a two-volume manga. To be only released in North America, Tor Books and Seven Seas Entertainment licensed the title and published it under their new Tor/Seven Seas imprint.
In addition to the success of the anime series, Afro Samurai has also been adapted into a video game and an upcoming live-action feature film. For the TV series and the film, two soundtracks by the RZA of Wu-Tang Clan have been released as well as a profile book in Japan.
In a futuristic yet feudal Japan, it is said that the one who wields the Number 1 headband is the fiercest fighter in the world and shall possess god-like powers. The only way to obtain the Number 1 headband is to challenge the current wearer of the headband and defeat him in combat. However, only the Number 2 can challenge the Number 1 while anyone can challenge the Number 2 which causes a constant struggle for the Number 2 headband.
Justice, the owner of the No. 2 headband, goes to fight the owner of the No. 1 headband Rokutaro (Afro's father). The two battle, ending with Justice beheading Afro's father and claiming his headband. His head rolls in front of his son Afro as he sobs and vows revenge where Justice tells Afro to seek him out when he's "ready to face a god."
Now an adult, Afro is the current No. 2 and a master swordsman who travels Japan trying to make his way to the mountain-top keep where Justice awaits. As he makes his way to Justice, he recalls his journey from a frightened young boy to a master samurai. Along the way, many people challenge Afro for his headband, including the "Empty Seven Clan" who send various agents, robots, and assassins including a robotic Afro to kill him throughout his travels. He is also being hunted by his vengeful childhood friend Jinno (who was long thought to be dead). It is revealed that Afro's childhood samurai master called the Sword Master became the new No. 2 after Justice killed Rokutaro. When Afro confronts his master, they are both attacked by assassins leading to the death of everyone except Afro, Jinno, Otsuru (Okiku) and their master. Jinno begs Afro not to kill their own master, claiming he is selfish and he is to blame for the death of their friends, but Afro does that and claims the number 2 headband. Filled with rage and hatred for Afro, Jinno throws himself off a nearby cliff. Afro as an adult finally confronts Justice. Afro learns that there are other headbands in existence, ranging to an unspecified higher number and sees that the corpses of those who wore them are skewered throughout the room where Justice awaits. Afro defeats Justice and takes the No. 1 headband, and the other headbands disappear.
Afro lives in the mountains once again. Jinno, adorned with every headband in existence, returns and confronts Afro for the No. 1 band and his revenge.
Takashi Okazaki started drawing African-American characters on items like Kleenex boxes when he was a teenager, inspired by his fondness for hip hop and soul music. He also drew ideas from American media and their depiction of Japanese culture. Takashi started combining elements of samurai into his work, eventually developing the design for Afro, which was also based in the legendary black samurai Yasuke who existed during the Sengoku period of Japan. Okazaki began writing the original dōjinshi, then called Afro Samurai!, when he and his friends started independently publishing the art magazine Nou Nou Hau. The preparatory "issue 0" of Nou Nou Hau was released in November 1998 with Afro Samurai artwork featured on the cover. Takashi Okazaki wrote the entire manga in the English direction, with elements from English and Japanese comics. He also used Afro Samurai for a cat food advertisement in the last pages of his manga book. In addition to the anime production, Okazaki re-made the dōjinshi, with much better art skills. At the Japan Society from March 13 to June 14, 2009, original Afro Samurai dōjinshi artwork (as used on issue 0 of Nou Nou Hau) was showcased at the KRAZY!: The Delirious World of Anime + Manga + Video Games exhibition.
Written and illustrated by Takashi Okazaki, Afro Samurai was originally published in the self-funded Nou Nou Hau dōjinshi magazine. First appearing in issue 0, the dōjinshi version was first published from September 1999 to October 2000. After the release of the anime version, Takashi Okazaki recreated the original dōjinshi. Although the recreation of the original manga was created in Japan, it was first published in the United States by Seven Seas Entertainment and Tor Books in two tankōbon volumes. As a special supplement, thumb-nail sized clips of the original dōjinshi were shown at the end of the first volume. The English release of the manga was Tor Books and Seven Seas' first publication under the newly formed Tor/Seven Seas imprint. The manga was also released in Italy through Panini Comics' manga publishing division Planet Manga, starting on April 9, 2009. The manga was released in one volume in Japan on December 18, 2009. The limited edition came with all the issues of the original dōjinshi included in a separate volume.
|1||Nothing personal...it's just revenge.||September 2008||ISBN 978-0-7653-2123-7|
|After witnessing his father beheaded by Justice, Afro with the No. 2 headband sets forth to avenge his father's death. On his way, he encounters and kills several foes.|
|2||Death isn't the end...it's only the beginning.||February 2009||ISBN 978-0-7653-2239-5|
|Afro kills Justice to take the No. 1 headband and challenges to reconcile with Jinno.|
One of Okazaki's friends decided to make action figures based on the character, which were released in small amounts. After the action figures were created, a producer from the Japanese studio, Gonzo, happened to find them and thought of an animated TV project based on the series. The anime took three years to develop, and in the three years the studio also created a trailer, which happened to fall into the hands of Samuel L. Jackson. It was announced that the project would be a five-episode "creative collaboration" between Samuel L. Jackson, Takashi Okazaki, and Gonzo, with a music score by hip hop artist The RZA from the rap group Wu-Tang Clan.
In 2006, it was announced that Funimation acquired the rights to the anime series which would premier on Spike TV (now simply known as "Spike") later that year, and that Jackson would voice Afro. Afro Samurai debuted on Spike TV, on January 4, 2007. The series' worldwide premier was on Spike TV's website where they streamed the first episode online. On May 3, 2007, the series premiered on Japanese television, in English with Japanese subtitles, and for the first time completely uncut.
On May 11, 2007, Funimation released the first Afro Samurai DVDs at Anime Central, at their own booth, the regular Afro Samurai: Spike Version and the uncut Afro Samurai: Director's Cut. Both DVDs were released to the public on May 22, 2007. On September 4, 2007, all five episodes of Afro Samurai were released on iTunes. To promote this, Funimation released eight custom designed iPods by Takashi Okazaki. In 2008, Funimation released the Afro Samurai anime series onto Xbox Live in high definition format and also debuted on Blu-ray Disc in that year. Also in 2008, Afro Samurai was shown at the German Film Festival in Germany.
|#||Title||Original air date|
|January 4, 2007|
|As a boy, Afro witnessed Justice beheading his father and wears the No. 1 headband. As a man, he has the title of No. 2 and sets out on his journey of revenge.|
|02||"The Dream Reader"
|January 11, 2007|
|Afro relives his harsh past through his dreams when he is discovered by an old friend, Otsuru (Okiku) at a riverbank who tends to his wounds. In the present day, she attempts to rape and kill Afro, but betrays The Empty Seven Clan that killed her.|
|03||"The Empty Seven Clan"
"THE EMPTY SEVEN CLAN"
|January 18, 2007|
|As The Clan of the Empty Seven continues to put pressure on Afro, he battles and kills them.|
|January 25, 2007|
|Jinnosuke (Kuma) fights with Afro about the consequence lesson of choosing revenge over family and what it really means to wear the No. 2 headband.|
|February 1, 2007|
|After killing Justice to take the No. 1 headband, Afro reconciles and battles with his childhood friend, Jinno.|
In an Associated Press interview in 2007, Takashi Okazaki confirmed there would be a sequel to the anime series, and that it would also be shown on Spike TV. In 2008, the sequel was announced to be a TV movie titled Afro Samurai: Resurrection, and that actors Lucy Liu and Mark Hamill would join the voice acting cast. Hip hop artist The RZA also came back to provide the soundtrack for the movie. Afro Samurai: Resurrection debuted on Spike TV on the night of January 25, 2009. On July 16, 2009, Afro Samurai: Resurrection was nominated for an Emmy in the "Outstanding Animated Program (for programming one hour or more)" category in the 61st Primetime Emmy Awards and the Creative Arts Emmy Awards. At the Emmy awards, Afro Samurai: Resurrection lost to Destination Imagination, a TV movie based on Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends. The art director of Afro Samurai: Resurrection, Shigemi Ikeda, won an Emmy for his work on Resurrection, which is the first ever awarded for work on a Japanese-animated production. Afro Samurai: Resurrection was the first Japanese anime to be nominated for and win an Emmy. Late 2009 also saw the release of Afro Samurai: Complete Murder Sessions on Blu-ray and DVD. A 4-disc collection of both Afro Samurai Director's Cut and Afro Samurai: Resurrection, together in one complete boxset.
Announced at the 2006 Comic-Con, a live action version of Afro Samurai was said to be in the making. On 2011-07-21, Gonzo K.K. and Indomina group announced Indomina group had obtained the rights to produce the film, with Samuel L. Jackson, Jasbinder Singh Mann (Indomina Group Vice Chairman and CEO), Shin Ishikawa (Gonzo Studios) as producers; Eli Selden of Anonymous Content as executive producer. Production, however, stalled when Indomina Group suspended North American operations and shut its US office.
In 2005, Gonzo had awarded Namco Bandai Games exclusive rights to publish two Afro Samurai video games, as announced that year. The debut trailer of the first game was released at the company's Editor's Day presentation. Afro Samurai was released for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 on January 27, 2009.
Wu-Tang Clan member RZA produced the soundtrack for both the Afro Samurai TV series and the TV movie sequel Afro Samurai: Resurrection. The first soundtrack for the anime series, The RZA Presents: Afro Samurai: The Soundtrack was released on January 30, 2007 by Koch Records (now known as E1 Music). The second soundtrack for the TV movie, The RZA Presents: Afro Samurai: Resurrection: The Soundtrack was also released by Koch Records on January 27, 2009.
- Samuel L. Jackson - Afro Samurai, Ninja Ninja
- Kelly Hu - Okiku/Otsuru
- Ron Perlman - Justice
- Jeff Bennett - Hachiro (ep. 2), Foo (ep. 3)
- Steven Blum - Assassins (ep. 4)
- S. Scott Bullock - Dharman
- Terrence C. Carson - Sword Master, Brother 4
- Grey DeLisle - Oyuki (ep. 1), Woman (ep. 1)
- John DiMaggio - Brother 2, Giant (ep. 1), Patron #2 (ep. 1), Ivanov (ep. 3)
- Greg Eagles - Rokutaro, Brother 6
- John Kassir - Shosun (ep. 1)
- Phil LaMarr - Teenage Afro Samurai, Brother 1, Brother 3, Brother 5, Kuro (ep. 1)
- Yuri Lowenthal - Jinno/Kuma
- Jason Marsden - Sasuke (ep. 2, 4)
- Liam O'Brien - Kihachi (ep. 1), Patron #4 (ep. 1)
- Crystal Scales - Young Afro Samurai
- Dwight Schultz - Assassin (ep. 1), Patron #1 (ep. 1), Ronin (ep. 1)
- Tara Strong - Otsuru (ep. 2), Jiro (ep. 4)
- Fred Tatasciore - Juzo (ep. 1), Patron #5 (ep. 1), Shuzo (ep. 4)
- James Arnold Taylor - Yashichi (ep. 2)
- Dave Wittenberg - Assassin (ep. 1), Patron #3 (ep. 1), Punk (ep. 1), Matasaburo (ep. 4)
The Afro Samurai manga series has received generally positive reviews from critics. Scott Green, writer of the Anime AICN segment of Ain't It Cool News said that the manga "is a work of design" and that it "utilizes the medium to which it is applied as a platform rather than as an ends unto itself." Scott notes that Okazaki does not have a "head for manga as a storytelling form" and that the "manga labors to show off Okazaki's design." Anime News Network reviewer, Carlo Santos stated about the anime that "like most typical action-adventures, the story starts out slow and only picks up toward the middle and end when the blades really start flying" and that "Afro Samurai is hardly a complex story" and that it only has "a handful of characters and a straightforward beat-the-next-guy plotline". Carlo Santos also noted that "the original Afro Samurai manga is pretty lousy" and that Takashi Okazaki often gets lost in "incomprehensible scribbles" and "style over substance." Volume 2 of Afro Samurai also charted 147 on ComiPress' "Top 250 Manga Volumes" of February 2009. The Blu-ray release of the anime series charted #16 on VideoScan's Blu-ray charts. In January 2009, IGN ranked Afro Samurai 90th on a list of the top 100 animated series, saying that the over-the-top violence and quirky story and characters made the show enjoyable 
- 木﨑文智監督、岡崎能士(原作者)インタビュー (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved October 28, 2007.
- Epstein, Daniel Robert; Takashi Okazaki. "Afro Samurai: Takashi Okazaki Interview". 670 Broadway, 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10012: UGO.com/UGO Networks, Inc. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
- "NOU NOU HAU vol.0". Kugelblitz. 2005–2006. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
- Okazaki, Takashi (February 2009) . Arnold, Adam, ed. Takashi Okazaki: The Man BEHIND the 'Fro. Afro Samurai 2 (1 ed.). Seven Seas Entertainment. ISBN 978-0-7653-2239-5. OCLC 223883056. 52-Uz2WVpVwC. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
- Aoki, Deb (2009). "Afro Samurai by Takashi Okazaki". About.com. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- "Tor Books Partners with Seven Seas to Form New Manga Imprint and Announces Publication of Afro Samurai". ComiPress. December 8, 2007. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- Okazaki, Takashi (2009) . Arnold, Adam, ed. Afro Samurai, Volume 1. Afro Samurai 1 (1 ed.). Seven Seas Entertainment. ISBN 978-0-7653-2239-5. OCLC 248983719. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "Afro Samurai 1 (Di 2)" [Afro Samurai 1 (of 2)] (in Italian). Viale Emilio Po 380 41126 Modena MO Italy: Panini Comics/Panini SpA. April 9, 2009. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai" (PHP). Seven Seas Entertainment, LLC. 2004–2009. Retrieved November 2, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai Vol 1". 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010: Macmillan. 2009. Archived from the original on 4 October 2009. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai Press Release". Anime News Network. May 5, 2005. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
- "The RZA Gets His Afro Samurai On". Anime News Network. June 2, 2006. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "Funimation Acquires Afro Samurai". Anime News Network. February 27, 2006. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai Hits Spike TV on January 4". Anime News Network. October 31, 2006. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai to Air on Japanese TV in May". Anime News Network. March 8, 2007. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
- "Funimation to Sell Advance DVD Copies at Anime Central". Anime News Network. May 11, 2007. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
- "Funimation Puts Afro Samurai on iTunes, Gives Away Custom iPods". Anime News Network. September 1, 2007. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
- "Free Bakugan #1 on iTunes; HD Afro Samurai on Xbox Live". Anime News Network. February 29, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
- "VideoScan: Afro Samurai Debuted on Blu-ray at #16". Anime News Network. September 10, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
- "Eva:1.0, L, Afro Samurai to Run in German Film Fest". Anime News Network. August 8, 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai Creator Takashi Okazaki Confirms Sequel". Anime News Network. October 25, 2007. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
- "Lucy Liu, Mark Hamill Join Afro Samurai: Resurrection (Updated)". Anime News Network. July 24, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai: Resurrection Movie Debuts Sunday Night". Anime News Network. July 25, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai: Resurrection TV Film Nominated for Emmy (Updated)". Anime News Network. July 16, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "Foster's Home Wins Emmy over Afro Samurai: Resurrection". Anime News Network. September 15, 2009. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai: Resurrection's Shigemi Ikeda Wins Emmy (Updated)". Anime News Network. August 27, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "Comic-Con: Live Action Afro Samurai". Anime News Network. July 22, 2006. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
- "INDOMINA AND SAMUEL L. JACKSON TEAM FOR LIVE ACTION "AFRO SAMURAI" FILM". 2011-07-21.
- "アニメ『アフロサムライ』ハリウッド実写化始動！ サミュエル．L．ジャクソンがプロデューサーに決定！アニメ『アフロサムライ』ハリウッド実写化始動！ サミュエル．L．ジャクソンがプロデューサーに決定！" (PDF). 2011-07-21.
- "Namco to Publish Afro Samurai Video Games". Anime News Network. August 30, 2005. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- "Namco Bandai Announces Afro Samurai Game". Anime News Network. June 17, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai". Amazon.com. January 27, 2009. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- Szadkowski, Joseph (February 19, 2009). "Zadzooks: Review of Afro Samurai, the video game". The Washington Times. 3600 New York Ave. NE, Washington, D.C.: The Washington Times. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- "The RZA Gets His Afro Samurai On". Anime News Network. June 2, 2006. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai [EXPLICIT LYRICS]". Amazon.com. January 30, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- "Afro Samurai Resurrection [EXPLICIT LYRICS] [SOUNDTRACK]". Amazon.com. January 27, 2009. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- Green, Scott (September 19, 2008). "AICN Anime-Afro Samurai Manga, A Survey of Upcoming Events, News and More!". Austin, TX 78718-0011 USA: Ain't It Cool News/Ain't It Cool, Inc. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
- Santos, Carlo (November 4, 2008). "Afro Samurai Blu-Ray". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- Blind, Matt (March 10, 2009). "2009-02: Manga Top 250 Volumes and Top 100 Series for February 2009". ComiPress. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- "Top 100 Animated TV Series - 90. Afro Samurai". IGN. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- Official website
- Official Afro Samurai: Resurrection website (Japanese)
- Official Gomanga page
- Afro Samurai (manga) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
- Afro Samurai (anime) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
- Afro Samurai: Resurrection (film) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
- Afro Samurai (film) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
- Afro Samurai at the Internet Movie Database
- Afro Samurai: Resurrection at Internet Movie Database