Styles of house music
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- Emphasizes a repetitive, hypnotic and trance-like style, often with samples or spoken lines instead of lyrics. It has core electronic "squelch" sounds that were developed around the mid-1980s, particularly by DJs from Chicago who experimented with the Roland TB-303 electronic synthesizer-sequencer. See also: Chicago house.
- African music mixed with a house beat. Afro house is a sub-genre of house music, with its roots predominantly in South Africa. A fusion of kwaito, tribal, deep and soulful house music, in South Africa it is classed as deep house or soulful house, although it has its own unique sound and is reflected in the musical style – particularly in the “stripped back” original percussion sounds and rhythms of South African culture.
- Amapiano is a popular style of house originating in Gauteng, South Africa in mid to late 2010s. Amapiano is a sophisticated hybrid of deep house, jazz and lounge music characterized by synths, airy pads and wide basslines.
- Ambient house is a subgenre of house music that first emerged in the late 1980s, combining elements of acid house and ambient music. See also: trance music.
- Bass house is a style of house, that appeared in the early-mid 2010s. The genre combines elements of deep house, various forms of "bass music", especially Dubstep, and heavy distortion. Early bass house filled the entire frequency spectrum, during the drop, with a single bass pattern; however, more recently, many bass house producers have found inspiration from other sub-genres of house, particularly tech-house, and separated the bass pattern from the melody, notably Tchami, Joyryde, Habstrakt, Jace Mek, Loopers, Jauz, ID46, MEKII, Badjokes, and LOUD ABOUT US! The tempo is most often set around 128 BPM.
- Also known as Balearic house, initially was an eclectic blend of DJ-led dance music that emerged in the mid-1980s. It later became the name of a more specific style of electronic dance music that was popular into the mid-1990s. Balearic beat was named for its popularity among European nightclub and beach rave patrons on the Balearic island of Ibiza, a popular tourist destination. Some dance music compilations referred to it as "the sound of Ibiza", even though many other, more aggressive and upbeat forms of dance music could be heard on the island.
- Baltimore club is a style of house music closely related to the "booty bass" of ghetto house and Miami bass. It is characterized by a heavy use of looped vocal samples similar to ghetto house but with breakbeat drum patterns at around 130 BPM. These samples are often of popular hip hop and contemporary R&B songs or of pop culture references such as themes from television shows. It often features horns and call-and-response vocals similar to Go-Go. It originated in Baltimore in the late 1980s, Scottie B. being one of its innovators.
- Big room house songs straddle Dutch house, often incorporating drops built around minimalist, percussion drops, regular beats, sub-bass layered kicks, simple melodies and synth-driven breakdowns. See also: electro house.
- Brazilian bass is known for using a techno-infused deep house beat and mixing techno and traditional bass house together. The tempos typically range from 120 to 126 BPM.
- Original form of house music, originated in the mid and late 1980s. See also: Chicago house and garage house.
- The first style of house music from 1980s' Chicago. Simple basslines, four to the floor percussion, hi hats, and synths. Influenced by disco, post-disco, soul, funk, and hip hop. See also: acid house.
Chicago hard house was developed by DJs such as Bad Boy Bill, DJ Lynnwood, and DJ Irene, Richard "Humpty" Vission, mixing elements of Chicago house, funky house and hard house. Similar to gabber or hardcore techno from the Netherlands, this was associated with the "rebel", underground club subculture of the time. These three producers introduced new production approaches and sounds in late 20th century became more prominent and widely used during first decade of the 21st century.
- Complextro is typified by glitchy, intricate bass-lines and textures created by sharply cutting between instruments in quick succession.
- A (slightly) slower variant of house (around 120 BPM) with greater influences from soul, jazz, and funk.
- Diva house or handbag house is an anthemic subgenre of house music that became most popular in gay clubs during the second half of the 1980s. See also: classic house, vocal house.
- A subgenre of house music from the Netherlands, originating around 2006. Not to be confused with "Dirty Dutch", which is a dance event from the Netherlands. Tracks are typically made up of complex percussion and drumbeats, dramatic buildups and short riffs of high-pitched synths. See also: electro house.
- A subgenre of house music that has had influence from '80s music. Though its origins are hazy – different sources claim influence from '80s-electro, electroclash, pop, synthpop, or tech house – it has since become a hard form of house music. See also: Big room house.
- Generally a vocal style of house, Euro house emerged in the late 1980s and was developed in songs which retained a strong influence of dance-pop music, on the background of house music. The history of Euro house is related to the other Euro styles. It has evolved in parallel with Eurodance music along the 1990s, as many bands from those times, which employed this style, such as M People and Deee-Lite.
- A subgenre of electro house that involves a very erratic, bouncing, skitchy, grimy, funky, squeaking melody, usually consisting of very short and high pitched notes, often produced by altering the pitch of percussion instruments, based around a repetitive bass line, and hypnotic beat.
- A late 1990s house sound developed in France. Inspired by the '70s and '80s funk and disco sounds. Mostly features a typical sound "filter" effect and lower BPM.
- The genre evolved from the earlier, rapid rhythms of juke and ghetto house. It may draw from styles such as drum and bass, utilizing double-time clave triplets, syncopated toms and prominent sub-bass.
- Funky house as it sounds today first started to develop during the late 1990s. It can again be sub-divided into many other types of house music. French house, Italian house, disco house, Latin house and many other types of house have all contributed greatly to what is today known as funky house. It is recognizable by its often very catchy bassline, swooshes, swirls and other synthesized sounds which give the music a bouncy tempo. It often relies heavily on black female vocals or disco samples and has a recognizable tiered structure in which every track has more than one build-up which usually reaches a climax before the process is repeated with the next track.
- Future funk is a sample-based development of Nu-disco which formed out of the Vaporwave scene and genre in the early 2010s. It tends to be more energetic than vaporwave, incorporating elements of French House, Synth Funk, and utilising Vaporwave editing techniques.
- A style originating in the mid-2010s, often described as a fusion of UK garage and deep house with other elements and techniques from EDM, popularized in late 2014 into 2015, often blends deep/metallic/sax hooks with heavy drops somewhat like the ones found in future garage. eg: Don Diablo, Tchami, Oliver Heldens, Swanky Tunes, Shadow Child, MK and Cazzette.
- One of the first house genres with origins set in New York and New Jersey. Garage house developed alongside Chicago house and the result was house music sharing its similarities, influencing each other. Garage house is generally piano oriented, a sound deriving from soul and disco, with a heavy emphasis on vocals, preferably female. One contrast from Chicago house was that the vocals in garage house drew stronger influences from gospel. Notable examples include Adeva and Tony Humphries. Kristine W is an example of a musician involved with garage house outside the genre's origin of birth.
- Also known as G-house, it features minimal 808 and 909 drum machine-driven tracks and sometimes sexually explicit lyrics. Notable artists of this style instead DJ Slugo, DJ Funk, DJ Deeon, and DJ Rashad, among others. See also: ghettotech, juke house, footwork.
- It combines elements of Chicago's ghetto house with electro, Detroit techno, Miami bass and UK garage. It features four-on-the-floor rhythms and is usually faster than most other dance music genres, at roughly 145 to 160 BPM.
- A style of house music dating back to the early '90s, hard house is defined by its aggressive sounds and distorted beats. One of the most recognizable of these is the Hoover sound, invented by Joey Beltram. Dominant labels in the 1990s were Tidy Trax, Nukleuz Records and Tripoli Trax.[circular reference]
- Hip house is a musical genre that mixes elements of house music and hip hop. The style rose to prominence during the late 1980s in Chicago and New York.
- Slick production techniques, catchy melodies, rousing piano lines and American vocal styling typifies the Italian ("Italo") house sound. A modulating Giorgio Moroder style bassline is also characteristic of this style.
- Jersey club is Newark's equivalent of Baltimore club. It also roots from bounce and Newark's earlier house scene, Jersey club is a staccato, bass-heavy style of dance music featuring breakbeats, rapid tempos around 130-140 BPM, and heavily chopped samples often from hip-hop or pop music.
- Juke house or Chicago juke characteristically uses beat-skipping kick drums, pounding rapidly (and at times very sparsely) in syncopation with crackling snares, claps, and other sounds reminiscent of old drum machines.
- Kwaito is a music genre that emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa, during the 1990s. It is a variant of house music featuring the use of African sounds and samples. See also: Afro house.
- Borrows heavily from Latin dance music such as salsa, Brazilian beats, Latin jazz etc. It is most popular on the East Coast of the United States, especially in Miami and the New York City metropolitan area. Another variant of Latin house, which began in the mid-1990s, was derived in the Los Angeles metropolitan area and is based on more Mexican-centric styles of music such as Mariachi. Artists include Proyecto Uno (best known for "El tiburón"), Artie the One Man Party (best known for "A Mover La Colita"), and DJ EFX (best known for his remix of "Volver Volver").
- Melodic house has a heady, melodic, arpeggiator-heavy sound, playing at 120-130bpm. Artists known to make this genre include: Dixon, Solomun, Kölsch, Kidnap Kid, Lane 8, Bicep and CamelPhat.
- Microhouse or minimal house is a derivative of tech house and minimal techno with sparse composition and production.
- By 1996–97, there was a steady flow of UK based hard house that threw away the fun and uplifting parts to incorporate the "Hoover" & other gritty, menacing sounding elements at a slightly higher tempo than the conventional hard house and thus, the style effectively became known as "Nu-NRG" when Blu Peter coined the phrase in a magazine interview.
- Nu-disco, nu-house, or sometimes disco house (though this term can also refer to funky house and to a style of French house), is a genre which came about in 2002 as a renewed interest in 1970s and early 1980s disco, Italo disco, Euro disco and P-Funk.
Outsider house (also referred to as outsider dance or lo-fi house) is a genre of electronic music combining elements of house music, techno and noise music. The music is often rough-sounding and "lo-fi".
- Progressive house is typified by accelerating peaks and troughs throughout a track's duration and are, in general, less obvious than in hard house. Layering different sounds on top of each other and slowly bringing them in and out of the mix is a key idea behind the progressive movement. It is often related to trance music.
- A style of UK hard house which first emerged around 1999. Unlike other hard house genres, it features an upbeat, energetic sound and heavily focuses on the 'pipe' sample as an offbeat bassline, which usually represents a 'donk' sound.
- House music with elements of techno in its arrangement and instrumentation.
- House music with elements of trance.
- Popularized by remixer/DJ Steve Lawler in UK, and Junior Vasquez in New York, it is characterized by lots of percussion and world music rhythms. See also: Afro house.
- Tropical house, often abbreviated as trop house, is a fairly new house music subgenre. It is characterized by a summer feeling, incorporating instruments such as saxophones, steel drums, electro synths, and marimbas. The vibe is generally lighter and more relaxed compared to other genres such as deep house. See also: Balearic house.
These genres have origins partly in house music, and may have 'house' in the title, but they belong to other genres of electronic music.
- Emphasizes bass, similar to dubstep and grime, with most songs around 135 to 142 BPM. It originated from speed garage in Sheffield around 2002.
- Dembow is a musical rhythm that originated in Jamaica, it is somewhat reminiscent of reggaeton and dancehall music, but with a more constant rhythm and faster than reggaeton.
- Dream trance or dream house, an oriented instrumental melody with relaxing beats. See also: ambient house, trance music.
- Dubstep originated in South London in the late 1990s. It is generally characterised by sparse, syncopated rhythmic patterns with prominent sub-bass frequencies. The style emerged as an offshoot of UK garage.
- Folk house is development of folktronica. It's a fusion of folk music and deep house, popularized in Sweden in the late 2010s.
- Electro swing or swing house is a genre of electronic dance music that fuses 1920s–1940s jazz styles including swing music and big band with 2000s styles including house, electro, hip hop, drum & bass and dubstep.
- A style of house music which originated from Russia during the late '90s, drawing inspiration from UK hard house, bouncy techno, Scouse house, powerstomp and hardstyle. Hardbass is characterized by its fast tempo (usually 150–160 BPM), donks, distinctive basslines (commonly known as "hard bounce"), distorted sounds, heavy kicks and occasional rapping. One of the most popular hardbass tracks is DJ Snat's "Choose Your Power" from 2003.
- A rather brief phenomenon, new beat emerged in Belgium during the late 1980s as a midtempo variation of techno and acid house. It played an important role in the development of early techno in Western Europe.
- Witch house (also known as drag or haunted house) is an occult-themed dark electronic music microgenre and visual aesthetic that emerged in the late 2000s and early 2010s.
- Afro House King
- "Baltimore Club (aka Bmore Club, Bmore House, Bmore) - Music Genres - Rate Your Music". rateyourmusic.com. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- UK hard house
- "Jazz-House Music Genre Overview - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Music Genres - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 May 2017.