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Afrobarometer executive director, Prof E Gyimah-Boadi speaking at a conference in November 2017 in Tanzania.

The Afrobarometer is a pan-African, independent, non-partisan research network that measures public attitudes on economic, political, and social matters in Africa.[1][2] Its secretariat headquarters are in Accra, Ghana, registered as a limited company by guarantee by the Registrar-General’s Department.


The surveys are carried out by region through a partnership of the Ghana Center for Democratic Development (CDD Ghana),[3] the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation in South Africa, and the Institute for Development Studies at the University of Nairobi. The Institute for Democracy, Citizenship and Public Policy in Africa at the University of Cape Town and the Department of Political Science at Michigan State University are technical partners.[4][5]

Afrobarometer surveys are conducted in more than 30 African countries and are repeated on a regular cycle. The Afrobarometer is carried out in Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.[6]

The Afrobarometer currently covers 21 survey topics: Conflict and crime, Democracy, Elections, Gender Equality, Governance, Identity, Macroeconomics and Markets, Political Participation, Poverty, Public Services, Social Capital, Tolerance, Access to Justice, Citizenship, China, Energy Supply, and Pan-Africanism/Regionalism.[7]


Afrobarometer achieves this measurement through a series of face-to-face interviews with a random sample of 1,200, 1,600 or 2,400 people in each country.[8] Because the instrument asks standard set of questions, countries can be systematically compared. Trends in public attitudes are tracked over time. Results are shared with decision makers, policy advocates, civic educators, journalists, researchers, donors and investors, as well as average Africans who wish to become more informed and active citizens.[9]


Afrobarometer was founded by Professor Robert Mattes of the University of Cape Town (while based at IDASA), Professor Michael Bratton of Michigan State University and Professor Emmanuel Gyimah-Boadi of CDD Ghana. Mattes is now senior advisor and a board member at Afrobarometer, Bratton is a former director of Afrobarometer and now senior advisor and a board member. Gyimah-Boadi was the executive director and is currently the Interim CEO and board chair of Afrobarometer and emeritus professor at the University of Ghana.[10]

The project has conducted seven main rounds of surveys, covering a total of 37 African countries, as well as a number of individual surveys.[11]

Round 8 surveys have begun in the latter half of 2019. Round 7 surveys started in December 2016 and completed in June 2018, covering 34 countries. Round 6 surveys began in March 2014 and ended in December 2015, covering 36 countries. Round 5 surveys took place in 35 countries between 2011 and September 2013. Round 4 surveys took place in 20 countries between March 2008 and June 2009. Round 5 surveys began in October 2011. Round 3 surveys were conducted in 18 countries from March 2005 through February 2006. Round 2 surveys were conducted from May 2002 through October 2003 in 16 countries. (Zimbabwe survey was carried out in April and May 2004). Round 1 surveys conducted from July 1999 through June 2001 in 12 countries. Predecessor surveys in 1993 in Zambia and 1994 in South Africa were carried out by the Institute for Democracy in Africa (one of the founding institutions of Afrobarometer).

New subnationally geocoded data covering 1999-2015 are now available through partnership with the development research lab AidData at the College of William and Mary for Rounds 1-6.

As of March 2018, Afrobarometer data and publications had been cited over 8000 times.

Afrobarometer has been consistently been ranked as one of the world's Best Institutional Collaboration involving 2 or more Think Tanks by the Global Go To Think Tank Index Report published by the Lauder Institute, University of Pennsylvania

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bratton, Michael; Robert Brattes (2004). "What 'The People' Say About Reforms". In E. Gyimah-Boadi (ed.). Democratic Reform in Africa: The Quality of Progress. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-58826-246-2. Retrieved 2007-05-10. ... a large-scale, cross-national survey research project (the Afrobarometer) which is designed to systematically map mass attitudes toward democracy, markets, and civil society ...
  2. ^ Bratton, Michael; Robert Mattes; E. Gyimah-Boadi (2004). Public Opinion, Democracy, and Market Reform in Africa. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-521-60291-4. Retrieved 2007-05-10. The Afrobarometer is a comparative series of national mass attitude surveys on democracy, markets, and civil society.
  3. ^ "Ghana Center for Democratic Development". Archived from the original on 17 April 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
  4. ^ Lewis, Peter M.; Michael Bratton (2004). "Nigeria: Understanding Attitudes Toward Democracy and Markets". In Lucie Colvin Phillips and Diery Seck (ed.). Fixing African Economies: Policy Research for Development. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 93. ISBN 1-58826-148-4. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
  5. ^ Bratton, Michael; Robert Mattes (2004). "Support for Economic Reform? Popular Attitudes in South Africa". In Mats Lundahl (ed.). Globalization and the Southern African Economies. Sweden: Elanders Infologistics Väst. p. 88. ISBN 978-91-7106-532-2. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
  6. ^ "Countries | Afrobarometer". Retrieved 2016-10-17.
  7. ^ "Survey topics | Afrobarometer". Retrieved 2016-10-17.
  8. ^ "Surveys and methods | Afrobarometer". Retrieved 2016-10-18.
  9. ^ "Afrobarometer". Retrieved 2022-04-28.
  10. ^ "Former 'Contact Us' page". Archived from the original on 2015-04-08. Retrieved 2015-03-30.
  11. ^ "Afrobarometer Surveys". Afrobarometer. Archived from the original on 2013-07-21. Retrieved 2015-03-29.

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