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Afsharid dynasty

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Afsharid
Emblem of the Afsharid dynasty.svg
Seal of Nader Shah
Afsharid Imperial Standard (3 Stripes).svg
Afsharid flag under Nader Shah
Parent familyAfshar tribe
CountryAfsharid Iran
Place of originGreater Khorasan, Iran
Founded1736
FounderNader Shah
Final rulerShahrokh Shah
Final headNader Mirza Afshar
TitlesShah of Iran
TraditionsShia Islam (Twelver)
Deposition1796

The Afsharid dynasty (Persian: افشاریان) was an Iranian[1] dynasty founded by Nader Shah (r. 1736–1747) of the Qirqlu clan of the Turkoman Afshar tribe.[1][2]

List of Afsharid monarchs

No. Shah Portrait Reigned from Reigned until Time in office Seal Coinage
1 Nader Shah Painting, portrait of Nader Shah seated on a carpet, oil on canvas, probably Tehran, 1780s or 1790s (cropped).jpg 8 March 1736 20 June 1747 11 years, 104 days Emblem of the Afsharid dynasty.svg Coin of Nader Shah, minted in Isfahan.jpg
2 Adel Shah Portrait of Adel Shah.jpg 6 July 1747 1 October 1748 1 year, 87 days Coin of the Afsharid shah Adel Shah, struck at the Mashhad mint.jpg
3 Shahrokh Shah 1 October 1748 January 1750 1 year, 92 days Shahrokh Afshar coin, struck at the Mashhad mint.jpg
4 Ebrahim Afshar 8 December 1748 1749 Coin of Ebrahim Shah, struck at the Qazvin mint.jpg

Family tree

Imam Qoli
(d. 1704)
Ebrahim Khan
(d. 1738)
Nader Shah
(r. 1736–1747)1
Adel Shah
(r. 1747–1748)2
Ebrahim Afshar
(r. 1748)3
Reza Qoli Mirza
(b. 1719 – d.1747)
Shahrokh Shah
(r. 1748–1796)4
Nader Mirza
(d. 1803)

References

Sources

  • Amanat, Abbas (1997). Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831-1896. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1845118280.
  • Amanat, Abbas (2017). Iran: A Modern History. Yale University Press. pp. 1–992. ISBN 978-0300112542.
  • Axworthy, Michael (2006). The Sword of Persia: Nader Shah, from Tribal Warrior to Conquering Tyrant. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1850437062.
  • Fisher, William Bayne; Avery, P.; Hambly, G. R. G; Melville, C. (1991). The Cambridge History of Iran. Vol. 7. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521200954.
  • Bulookbashi, Ali A.; Negahban, Farzin (2008). "Afshār". In Madelung, Wilferd; Daftary, Farhad (eds.). Encyclopaedia Islamica Online. Brill Online. ISSN 1875-9831.
  • Oberling, P. (1984). "AFŠĀR". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica, Volume I/6: Afghanistan–Ahriman. London and New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 582–586. ISBN 978-0-71009-095-9.
  • Stöber, Georg (2010). "Afshār". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. ISSN 1873-9830.
  • Tucker, Ernest (2012). "Afshārids". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. ISSN 1873-9830.