After (Todd novel)

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After 2014 novel cover.jpg
Cover of the original 2014 release
AuthorAnna Todd
Audio read byElizabeth Louise
CountryUnited States
SeriesThe After series
GenreRomance, Young Adult Fiction, Contemporary
PublisherGallery Books
Publication date
October 21, 2014
Media typePrint (hardback)
Followed byAfter We Collided 

After is a young adult romance novel written by American author Anna Todd. The story is about Theresa "Tessa" Young, a college student who begins a turbulent relationship with "bad boy" Hardin Scott. A film adaptation of the same name was released on April 12, 2019.


Todd's writing of the novel was inspired by the music and fandom of One Direction. One of the singers, Harry Styles is the protagonist in her series under the name Hardin Scott.[1]


  • Theresa "Tessa" Young - An innocent 18-year-old girl who starts her first year of college.
  • Hardin Scott - A manipulative, brooding guy who Tessa is drawn to.
  • Steph Jones - An edgy red-headed girl, who turns out to be Tessa’s roommate.
  • Noah Porter - The classic boy next door, and Tessa’s high school boyfriend.
  • Molly Samuels - An edgy, rude pink haired girl, who has her eyes laid on Hardin.
  • Carol Young - Tessa's mother.


Tessa, an innocent girl who seems to be perfect, is starting her freshman year of college. She’s a literature geek, and acts very formal with everyone. However, her perfect world is turned upside down when she meets an intriguing, rude bad boy, covered in tattoos.


The book was criticized for glamorization of an abusive relationship,[2][3] poor character arcs and Todd's lack of style and prose.[citation needed]

Kelly Faircloth of Jezebel said it was "sloppy fan fiction." She also compared its prose to that of Fifty Shades of Grey, writing, "If you complained about the prose of 50 Shades, After is going to send you in a connipition."[2] A writer for Sheknows complained that the story was unoriginal and the dialogue was stilted. He also compared the book to Fifty Shades, writing, "After is being called the innocent version of Fifty Shades, which makes me grind my teeth to numbs because Fifty Shades was atrocious enough. If it weren't for the sex scenes in Fifty Shades, the book would have been nothing but the constant nagging of an insecure idiot (which should be the tagline for After.)"[4]


  1. ^ Alter, Alexandra (October 21, 2014). "Harry Styles of One Direction Stars in Anna Todd's Novel". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Book Is Supposedly New 50 Shades, But Is Really Just Sloppy Fanfic". Jezebel. April 18, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  3. ^ "The One Direction Fan-Fiction Novel That Became a Literary Sensation". The Atlantic. December 2018. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  4. ^ "We admit: Anna Todd's After is pretty bad — here's why". SheKnows. Retrieved July 10, 2019.