Adobe After Effects

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from After Effects)
Jump to: navigation, search
Adobe After Effects
Adobe After Effects CC icon.svg
Adobe After Effects CC running on OS X El Capitan
Adobe After Effects CC running on OS X El Capitan
Initial release January 1993; 24 years ago (1993-01)
Stable release
CC 2017 (14.2) / April 19, 2017; 5 months ago (2017-04-19)
Written in C++[citation needed]
Operating system Microsoft Windows, macOS
Type Visual effects, Motion graphics, Compositing, Computer animation
License Trialware, software as a service (SaaS)
Website www.adobe.com/products/aftereffects

Adobe After Effects is a digital visual effects, motion graphics, and compositing application developed by Adobe Systems and used in the post-production process of film making and television production. Among other things, After Effects can be used for keying, tracking, compositing and animation. It also functions as a very basic non-linear editor, audio editor and media transcoder.

History[edit]

After Effects was originally created by the Company of Science and Art in Providence, Rhode Island, where the first two versions of the software, 1.0 (January 1993)[1] & 1.1, were released by the company. CoSA along with After Effects was then acquired by Aldus corporation in July 1993, which was in turn acquired by Adobe in 1994, and with it PageMaker. Adobe's first new release of After Effects was version 3.0.

The following is the list of versions of After Effects over the years, including the first two versions released by CoSA.

Developer Date Version Codename Major features added
CoSA January 1993 1.0 Egg Layered compositing with mask, effect, transforms, keyframes; Mac only
May 1993 1.1 More effects
Aldus January 1994 2.0 Teriyaki Time Layout window, image sequence support, motion blur, multi-machine rendering, frame blending, proxies
May 1994 2.0.1 Power Macintosh version (PPC)[2]
Adobe October 1995 3.0 Nimchow Render queue, bezier masking, time remapping, keyframe assistants (wiggler, motion sketch, smoother), multiple effects per layer, advanced keying, velocity graph, 1/2/4 point motion tracking, motion math, first Japanese version, layer transfer modes, continuously rasterize Illustrator files, Photoshop as comp import with layer/transfer mode/alpha channel support, 3:2 pulldown, non-square pixel support
April 1996 3.1 File formats, multiprocessing; last Mac 680x0 version
May 1997 3.1 (Windows 95/NT) Dancing Monkey First Windows version, contextual menus, first French & German versions; in November 1997, Path Text effect and Animated GIF output were released for free to registered users of 3.1[3]
January 1999 4.0 ebeer Tabbed windows, movable time layout columns, multiple masks per layer, warping effects, particle playground, audio effects, transform effect, adjustment layers, align palette, rulers & guides, RAM preview, glows/blurs no longer clip at layer edge, Premiere import, Illustrator layers support, label colors in timeline; first simultaneous Mac & Windows release
September 1999 4.1 Batnip Flowchart view, watch folder, 3D channel effects, collect files command, auto deinterlacing, sequence layers, save favorite effects (.ffx), separate text fill/stroke, 30,000×30,000 image support
April 2001[4] 5.0 Melmet 3D layers, 3D lights, dynamic previews, parenting, vector paint, expressions, pick whip, draw/edit masks in comp window, integration of Atomic Power plug-ins (foam, wave world, card dance, shatter, vegas), 16 bits per channel color, Illustrator transparency support, SWF export, mask colors, mask motion blur, mask expansion, RAM Preview region of interest, Photoshop 6 vector mask import, PDF import, solo switch, scrubbable property values, custom workspaces, effect reordering, PAR correction, reveal file on disk, reduce project, trim comp to work area, >2GB movie output
January 7, 2002[5] 5.5 Fauxfu Advanced 3D renderer, multiple 3D views, import camera data, colored shadows, projection layers, effects palette, post render actions, advanced lightning, adjustment layer lights, smart mask, looping via expressions, RealMedia output, expression controllers, Zaxwerks 3D Invigorator Classic bundled; first OS X version
August 2003 6.0 Foodfite Paint, scripting, text layers and animators, editable Photoshop text layers, OpenGL support, new motion tracker, Rotobezier, Keylight, Liquify, Scribble, Dust & Scratches, background rendering of RAM Previews
June 16, 2004 6.5 Chambant Advanced clone tool, presets gallery, grain management, integration of Cycore Effects plug-ins, Color Finesse bundling, disk caching, Firewire video output, interface light/dark controls, motion track with scale, Grain Surgery bundling, AAF & OMF support[6]
January 2006 7.0 Clamchop New unified window UI, timewarp, graph editor, OpenGL 2.0 support, 32 bpc HDR color, 32-bit audio, Adobe Bridge support, display color management, dynamic link with Premiere Pro, script editor, auto save, Photoshop file creation, smart blur, lens blur, per-character text blurring, first Spanish & Italian versions
July 2, 2007
Adobe After Effects CS3 icon.png
CS3 (8.0) Metaloaf Shape layers, puppet tool, brainstorm, clip notes, Photoshop vanishing point import, adaptive motion blur, per character 3D text animation, real-time audio playback, simultaneous multi-frame rendering, SWF vector import, 32-bit linear blending, full color management; first Universal Binary Intel Mac version
February 22, 2008 CS3 (8.0.2) Loafdot Panasonic P2 support; last Mac PowerPC version
September 23, 2008
Adobe After Effects CS4 icon.png
CS4 (9.0) Chinchillada QuickSearch in the project & timeline, mini-flowchart, breadcrumbs, live PSD 3D layer import, separate XYZ, Imagineer Mocha bundled, cartoon effect, XFL export, XML export, XMP metadata,
December 10, 2008 CS4 (9.0.1) Chinchidotta RED R3D file support (via REDCODE v1.3 plugin)
May 29, 2009 CS4 (9.0.2) Lottadotta Clip-level RED R3D support (via REDCODE v1.7 plugin), XDCAM HD (Avid-style MXF) support
October 6, 2010[7] CS4 (9.0.3) Yaddadotta Fixes "locking existing frames" message delay at start of RAM preview, decreased performance due to Wacom driver conflict, aerender not shutting down background processes, and miscellaneous crashes especially on Mac OS X 10.5 during drag-and-drop operations
April 30, 2010[8]
Adobe After Effects CS5 icon.svg
CS5 (10.0) Esgocart 64-bit native (mandatory) on OS X and Windows, Roto Brush tool, Refine Matte effect, mocha v2, LUT support, AVC-Intra import and improved RED (R3D) support, Align panel improvements, Synthetic Aperture Color Finesse 3, Digieffects FreeForm, auto-keyframe mode,[9] animated GIF export functionality removed.
September 3, 2010[10] CS5 (10.0.1) Esgodot RED updates (color science v2, ROCKET, RMD metadata), improved LUT compatibility (.3dl with floating-point values or 3DMESH/Mesh keywords, or saved from ASSIMILATE SCRATCH systems), updates to bundled third-party plug-ins
April 8, 2011[11] CS5 (10.0.2) Esgodoh Fixes an "Unexpected data type" error opening project with missing effects, a crash with Directional Blur and other effects on computers with 16 or more logical processors, and a crash opening a composition created by Automatic Duck Pro Import AE.
April 11, 2011[12] CS5.5 (10.5) Codname Warp Stabilizer effect, Camera Lens Blur and camera layer improvements for depth-of-field and bokeh, source timecode support and Timecode effect enhancements, stereoscopic 3D rig creation and improved 3D Glasses effect, light falloff, CinemaDNG import, expanded RED (R3D) features, XDCAM EX and XDCAM HD output, integration with Adobe Audition CS5.5, save project as CS5.
June 30, 2011[13] CS5.5 (10.5.1) Codot Fixes for delay when typing in a text layer if mouse pointer was above the Composition panel, and inability to use an upgrade serial number.
April 23, 2012[14]
Adobe After Effects CS6 Icon.png
CS6 (11.0) SpinalTapas Global Performance Cache, 3D Camera Tracker, ray-traced and extruded text and shapes, variable-width mask feather, Automatic Duck Pro Import for importing projects from other applications, including Final Cut Pro and Avid software, new and improved GPU acceleration features, Rolling Shutter Repair effect, Mocha for After Effects CS6, new and updated effects. Live PSD 3D layer import was removed.
May 25, 2012[15] CS6 (11.0.1) BigDottom Support for Nvidia GeForce GTX 680, AtomKraft.
October 12, 2012[16] CS6 (11.0.2) NoneMoreDot Support for more Nvidia cards and Intel HD Graphics, new memory handling preference allowing reversion to CS5.5 behavior.
June 17, 2013[17]
Adobe-After Effects-icon.png
CC (12.0) Sconehenge Maxon Cinema 4D Lite & Cineware integration, Refine Edge tool, Refine Soft Matte, layer snapping, Warp Stabilizer VFX
October 31, 2013[18] CC (12.1) Plabt Blue Ribbon OS 10.9 & Retina support, mask tracker, Detail-preserving Upscale effect, property linking, improved snapping
December 13, 2013[19] CC (12.2) Pinot Butter Automatic creation of folders for image sequences, command to convert parametric shape layer paths to Bézier paths, more snapping improvements, lots of small "polish" improvements
June 18, 2014[20] CC 2014 (13.0) Goatmeal Stout[21] Key Cleaner effect and Advanced Spill Suppressor effect, text templates created in After Effects editable in Premiere Pro, compositing options for each effect including ability to confine the area affected by each effect with masks, import of Sony RAW footage (raw files from F5, F55, and F65 cameras), import of MPEG-4 SStP (Simple Studio Profile) Sony SR MXF files, video preview on external monitor using Mercury Transmit
Sept 7, 2014[22] CC 2014.1 (13.1) Hefe Marathon High-DPI content and UI (Mac OS, Windows), refreshed "blue" UI, Copy With Relative Property Links command, color management for Dynamic Link, Maxon CINEMA 4D Lite R16 and CINEWARE 2.0, Collect Files for CINEMA 4D assets, native GoPro CineForm codecs, scripting improvements for text layers
Dec 16, 2014[23] CC 2014.2 (13.2) Finish Lime More scripting improvements for text layers, expression access to dynamic layer bounds, new keyframe icons.
June 15, 2015[24]
Adobe After Effects CC Icon.png
CC 2015.0 (13.5.0.347) Mussel Car Uninterrupted playback, new Adobe Character Animator (Preview 1),[25] Creative Cloud libraries, face tracker, Maxon CINEWARE v2.0.16, smooth experience and interaction for the user even when rendering is in progress.[26]
November 30, 2015[27] CC 2015.1 (13.6.0) Currant Time Character Animator (Preview 3), refinement of playback performance and interaction, multi-touch gestures, stacked panel groups, new Lumetri Color effect, additional ICC profiles, two new Cycore FX plugins.[28]
January 27, 2016[29] CC 2015.2 (13.7.0) Fibonachos Maxon CINEWARE v3.0 (R17) (including support for the Take system, OpenGL renderer, and syncing timelines between After Effects and Cinema 4D), option to auto-save when starting Render Queue, improvements to Cache Before Playback previews.
June 21, 2016[30] CC 2015.3 (13.8.0) Abbacore New playback architecture, Maxon Cineware 3.1, export 3D text and shape layers to Maxon CINEMA 4D, GPU accelerated effects (Lumetri Color, Gaussian Blur, and Sharpen), improved caching and playback of image sequences, send compositions from Render Queue to Media Encoder, Character Animator (Preview 4)
November 2, 2016[31] CC 2017 (14.0) Codfather CINEMA 4D rendering engine for 3D compositions, Creative Cloud Team Projects (Beta), Real-time playback of unaltered source media, more GPU accelerated effects, Live Text Template improvements, Date & Time Tokens, Also includes: Better UI retina support, improved markers, scripting enhancements, Adobe Media Encoder export improvements.
January 18, 2017[32] CC 2017 (14.1) The Codfather Part Tuna Ability to save Team Projects as local projects.
April 19, 2017[33] CC 2017 (14.2) Plabtjacks Lumetri Scopes, Effect Input Layer Options, Camera-shake deblur, multiple GPU optimizations.

Plug-ins[edit]

After Effects has extensive plug-in support; a broad range of third party plug-ins are available. A variety of plug-in styles exist, such as particle systems for realistic effects for rain, snow, fire, etc.

With or without third-party plug-ins, After Effects can render 3D effects. Some of these 3D plug-ins use basic 2D layers from After Effects.

In addition to 3D effects, there are plug-ins for making video look like film or cartoons; simulating fire, smoke, or water; particle systems; slow motion; creating animated charts, graphs, and other data visualization; calculating the 3D movement of a camera in a 2D video shot; eliminating flicker, noise, or rigging lines; translating timelines from FCP or Avid; adding high-end color correction; and other workflow improvements and visual effects.

Adobe Creative Cloud and Maxon Cinema 4D Lite[edit]

Beginning in 2013, Adobe switched to a subscription based model that provided customers with access to either one Adobe product of your choice or all of them as well as monthly and annual payment plans. Adobe marketed this as an opportunity to release updates more often than just once every other year. In addition to other updates for After Effects, Adobe formed a major partnership with Maxon to bundle CINEMA 4D Lite and the Cineware plugin inside of the After Effects application. You can create, import, and edit CINEMA 4D files. However, if you have another edition of CINEMA 4D, such as CINEMA 4D Prime, you can use it instead. The CINEMA 4D Lite application gives you the ability to edit, create, and work with native CINEMA 4D files.

Similar products[edit]

While not dedicated to compositing, the open source software Blender contains a limited node-based compositing feature which, among other things is capable of basic keying and blurring effects.[34][35][36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simons, David (Mar–Apr 2013). "Adobe After Effects Turns 20". Computer Graphics World. 36 (3). Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Wichary, Marcin. "GUIdebook > Splashes > After Effects". guidebookgallery.org. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  3. ^ * Jeff Glasse. "Free Plug-ins from Adobe Fill After Effects Holes". 
  4. ^ After FX. cosa.com. Retrieved 11/15/2009.
  5. ^ * David Nagel. "Adobe After Effects 5.5 Ships for OS X". 
  6. ^ "After Effects 6.5 review - Review". digitalartsonline.co.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  7. ^ After Effects CS4 9.0.3 update. Adobe Blog.
  8. ^ Shankland, Stephen (April 30, 2010). Cash cow out of the barn: Adobe shipping CS5. CNET. Retrieved 5/17/2010.
  9. ^ Adobe Effects CS5. help.adobe.com. Retrieved 4/15/2010.
  10. ^ After Effects CS5 10.0.1 Update. Adobe Blog. September 2010.
  11. ^ After Effects CS5 10.0.2 Update a few big bug fixes. Adobe Blog. April 2011.
  12. ^ After Effects CS5 Whats new and changed. Adobe Blog. April 2011.
  13. ^ After Effects CS5 5.10.5.1 update fix for text entry bug and serial number problem. Adobe Blog. June 2011.
  14. ^ After Effects CS6 whats new and changed. Adobe Blog. April 2012.
  15. ^ After Effects CS6 11.0.1 update bug fixes and added gpu and 3D renderer support. Adobe Blog. May 2012.
  16. ^ After Effects CS6 11.0.2 update bug fixes and added gpus for ray traced 3D rendered. Adobe Blog. September 2012.
  17. ^ "After Effects CC (12.0) is now live - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  18. ^ announcing the After Effects CC (12.1) update, one of several October 2013 updates for Adobe professional video applications. Adobe Blog. October 2013.
  19. ^ After Effects CC (12.2): what's new and changed in this December 2013 update. Adobe Blog. December 2013.
  20. ^ "Empowering Creatives in a Design-led World". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  21. ^ Nece, Victoria (10 April 2014). "NAB 2014: What I Learned". Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  22. ^ "After Effects CC 2014.1 (13.1): what’s new and changed in this update - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  23. ^ "After Effects CC 2014.2 (13.2): what’s new and changed in this update - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  24. ^ "The 2015 Release of Adobe Creative Cloud Is Here - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  25. ^ "After Effects CC 2015 (13.5) is now available. - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  26. ^ "what’s new and changed in After Effects CC 2015 (13.5) - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  27. ^ "After Effects CC 2015 (13.6) and Character Animator (Preview 3) updates now available - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  28. ^ "what’s new and changed in the After Effects CC 2015 (13.6) update - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  29. ^ "what’s new and changed in the After Effects CC 2015 (13.7) update - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  30. ^ "What’s New & Changed in After Effects CC 2015 (13.8) - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  31. ^ "What’s New and Changed in After Effects CC - Creative Cloud blog by Adobe". adobe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  32. ^ "January 2017 Update to After Effects CC Is Now Available". adobe.com. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 
  33. ^ "Efficiency and Optimization at the core of the latest release for After Effects CC". adobe.com. Retrieved 19 April 2017. 
  34. ^ "Blender features page". Retrieved March 19, 2011. 
  35. ^ "How 'The Simpsons' Used Adobe Character Animator To Create A Live Episode". cartoonbrew.com. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  36. ^ VanHemert, Kyle. "What GIF Masters Can Do With Three Seconds and 4 Colors". wired.com. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 

External links[edit]

Official website